Washington Post op/ed: Black votes should count 167% more than yours

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“One man, one vote” has been a bedrock of democracy.
In an op/ed in the Washington Post, Theodore R. Johnson, who describes himself as “a career naval officer, former White House fellow and doctoral candidate in law and policy at Northeastern University,” proposes a non-monetary reparation for slavery in the form of giving more weight to black votes.
Theodore Johnson
Here’s Johnson’s op/ed of August 21, 2015:

If you want to shut down a conversation about race, just say the word “reparations.” Even black Americans are divided over the idea that money can compensate for the vestiges of an evil institution that ended 150 years ago; only 60 percent think the government should make cash payments to descendants of slaves. White Americans, on the other hand, have reached a consensus: In a YouGov poll taken shortly after the Atlantic published Ta-Nehisi Coates’s viral feature, “The Case for Reparations,” 94 percent were opposed.
Yet a year of protests over disparate law enforcement practices, a decade of particularly sharp income inequality and centuries of imparity in America show that racial reconciliation is impossible without some kind of broad-based, systemic reparations. Recognizing the original sin is simply not enough; we must also make moral and material amends for our nation’s treatment of African American citizens. But if a pecuniary answer can’t fix the structural disadvantage — and it can’t — what can?
Weighted voting.
Thanks to a compromise between Southern slaveholders who wanted enslaved blacks counted in the population, for the sake of boosting Southern congressional representation, and Northern whites who didn’t, the framers enshrined the three-fifths clause in the Constitution. This agreement set the census value of a slave as 60 percent of the value of a free person. Even after the 13th Amendment neutralized the political (and moral) compromise by abolishing slavery, Jim Crow laws, which contravened the 14th Amendment’s guarantee of equality, stopped blacks from voting. The just answer today is to invert that ratio. If black Americans were once counted as three-fifths of a person, let each African American voter now count as five-thirds.
Reparations in America have come to mean “free” money, so any serious discussion about them also mandates a discussion of how much — an exercise doomed to failure. Other ways of imagining reparations (as the spilled blood of more than half a million Union soldiers during the Civil War; as affirmative action in universities and workplaces; as subsidized education) don’t involve cash payments, but they also don’t do enough to combat the structural disadvantages black Americans face — disadvantages that have gone largely unaddressed by our legislative and executive branches.
That’s because the problem is almost unfathomably large. In a report titled “The Unfinished March,” the Economic Policy Institute found that school segregation, black unemployment, lack of access to fair housing and living wages, and abysmal African American household wealth remain at essentially the same levels of disparity today as they did in 1963, when the March on Washington occurred. Median household wealth today is $141,900 for whites and only $11,000 for blacks. Despite making up only 13 percent of the population, black Americans are 27 percent of those living at or below the poverty line; the white unemployment rate is 4.6 percent, while it’s 9.6 percent for blacks; during the housing bubble of the mid-2000s, 53 percent of blacks received high-cost mortgages, while only 18 percent of whites did; the black incarceration rate is 2,207 per 100,000, compared with the national rate of 707 per 100,000; nearly 3 in 4 black children today attend segregated schools; in many communities, blacks have poorer health outcomes and access to just half the social services of whites. The list goes on ad nauseam.
These are national issues that require policy solutions — and the political will to implement them, which clearly doesn’t yet exist. That’s why reparations should be apportioned in the exercise of a civic right (a duty, even) long denied to the descendants of the enslaved. A five-thirds compromise would imbue African Americans with a larger political voice that could be used to fight the structural discrimination expressed in housing, education, criminal justice and employment. Allowing black votes to count for 167 percent of everyone else’s would mean that 30 million African American votes would count as 50 million, substituting super-votes for the implausible idea of cash payments.
This weighted vote, coupled with an increasingly active black electorate that in 2012 had a higher voter participation rate than whites for the first time in history, would offer African Americans an outsize influence on national and state elections. Politicians, finally, would have to truly compete for the black vote, or a substantial share of it, to attain or remain in office. This would provide an incentive, even for purely self-interested politicians, to prioritize African American policy concerns and act on them, or face a loss at the polls.
True, the five-thirds notion is out of sync with the “one person, one vote” mantra the nation prides itself on. But the precise legal meaning of that phrase is still unclear, which is why the Supreme Court will review it next term in Evenwel v. Abbott. That case is about the basis for determining a district’s size: Should it be the total population or just the population of eligible voters? Currently, a district with a significant number of ineligible voters (children, undocumented immigrants, transient military personnel) counts those residents toward its population, thereby adding weight to the ballots of its eligible voters. (Naturally, districts with low numbers of such ineligible voters don’t appreciate their residents’ votes counting for less.)
Even the U.S. Senate, where Delaware has just as much say as California, belies the notion of strict representation as a means to protect the rights of the minority. In the House of Representatives, Montana has one member to speak for its entire population of 1 million people, while Rep. Jim Langevin, from Rhode Island’s 2nd Congressional District, has just 525,000 constituents. Our votes are already weighted.
What’s more, five-thirds has a redemptive, lyrical quality to it: The weighted portion of the vote could be interpreted as the voice of those who earned the right to the ballot but were unjustly silenced. Too sentimental? Fine. Economics and statistics could help assign the right value for proper weighting. The magnitude of the challenges and the corresponding solution could be taken up by Congress as a giant math problem, but in the end, racial reconciliation requires a moral and political mandate to make black America whole.
This plan should be temporally limited in scope, since the point is not to permanently install a historical equivalence but to erase structural disadvantages. Weighted voting could be fixed to some predetermined period of years, say 24, which is only about a third of the number of years the three-fifths compromise was in place. This amount of time would include multiple presidential, congressional, state and local elections, as well as referenda. Each elected office, no matter its term, would face several elections, allowing their constituencies successive opportunities to hold their representatives accountable.
And then the problem of who exactly is eligible must be addressed. Would a biracial voter qualify? A black immigrant? And what exactly is an election official to do when Rachel Dolezal shows up to claim her five-thirds vote? The government shouldn’t be the sole arbiter of who gets to be black — nor flirt with archaic prescriptions such as the one-drop rule in determining a voter’s race. The most straightforward approach would be to limit access to weighted voting to those American-born citizens who have demonstrated through government documents, such as drivers’ licenses or birth certificates, that they identify, and are identified by others, as black or African American. There are bound to be instances where this approach is challenged, and one answer would be to model guidelines after the general requirements for establishing American Indian or Alaska Native ancestry as outlined by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, which involve establishing that a lineal ancestor belongs to a specific tribe and then producing vital records that document a relationship to that ancestor.
Granting reparations in this way would empower African Americans but gifts nothing: Black voters would still have to claim their share of reparations at every election — a suitable settlement in a nation allergic to handouts. Weighted-vote reparations would require African Americans to register and turn out in order to achieve the desired impact on public policy. It would require sustained civic and political engagement.
Of course, weighted-vote reparations are only slightly more politically feasible than a multi-trillion-dollar payout. But we have to consider novel approaches to racial reconciliation — including apology, forgiveness and, yes, some kind of restitution — if we are serious about ridding the nation of barriers to opportunity and overcoming the racial discrimination woven into America’s fabric. If racism is the culprit, then dismantling it requires the same tools that constructed it.

Here’s my response to Theodore Johnson:
Booker T. WashingtonMilwaukee County Sheriff David Clarke

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0 responses to “Washington Post op/ed: Black votes should count 167% more than yours

  1. Martin Luther King was right. It is the content of a person’s character that matters, not the color of their skin….
    For Your Consideration
    “The Baltimore Sun” is definitely not known as a Conservative newspaper, so this very well written assessment of the situation in USA comes as something of a surprise.. Some great thoughts about other races that have come to the USA and successfully integrated into our society.
    This will obviously be called racist,and will upset the liberals, but they should really think about the message and this interesting point of view.
    The Black Dilemma
    “For almost 150 years the United States has been conducting an interesting experiment. The subjects of the experiment: black people and working-class whites.
    The hypothesis to be tested: Can a people taken from the jungles of Africa and forced into slavery be fully integrated as citizens in a majority white population?
    The whites were descendants of Europeans who had created a majestic civilization. The former slaves had been tribal peoples with no written language and virtually no intellectual achievements. Acting on a policy that was not fair to either group, the government released newly freed black people into a white society that saw them as inferiors. America has struggled with racial discord ever since.
    Decade after decade the problems persisted but the experimenters never gave up. They insisted that if they could find the right formula the experiment would work, and concocted program after program to get the result they wanted. They created the Freedmans Bureau, passed civil rights laws, tried to build the Great Society, declared War on Poverty, ordered race preferences, built housing projects, and tried midnight basketball.
    Their new laws intruded into peoples lives in ways that would have been otherwise unthinkable. They called in National Guard troops to enforce school integration. They outlawed freedom of association. Over the protests of parents, they put white children on buses and sent them to black schools and vice-versa. They tried with money, special programs, relaxed standards, and endless hand wringing to close the achievement gap. To keep white backlash in check they began punishing public and even private statements on race. They hung up Orwellian public banners that commanded whites to Celebrate Diversity! and Say No to Racism. Nothing was off limits if it might salvage the experiment.
    Some thought that what W.E.B. DuBois called the Talented Tenth would lead the way for black people. A group of elite, educated blacks would knock down doors of opportunity and show the world what blacks were capable of.
    There is a Talented Tenth. They are the black Americans who have become entrepreneurs, lawyers, doctors and scientists. But ten percent is not enough. For the experiment to work, the ten percent has to be followed by a critical mass of people who can hold middle-class jobs and promote social stability. That is what is missing.
    Through the years, too many black people continue to show an inability to function and prosper in a culture unsuited to them. Detroit is bankrupt, the south side of Chicago is a war zone, and the vast majority of black cities all over America are beset by degeneracy and violence. And blacks never take responsibility for their failures. Instead, they lash out in anger and resentment.
    Across the generations and across the country, as we have seen in Detroit, Watts, Newark , Los Angeles , Cincinnati , and now Ferguson , rioting and looting are just one racial incident away. The white elite would tell us that this doesn’t mean the experiment has failed. We just have to try harder. We need more money, more time, more understanding, more programs, and more opportunities.
    But nothing changes no matter how much money is spent, no matter how many laws are passed, no matter how many black geniuses are portrayed on TV, and no matter who is president. Some argue its a problem of culture, as if culture creates peoples behavior instead of the other way around. Others blame white privilege.
    But since 1965, when the elites opened Americas doors to the Third World, immigrants from Asia and India people who are not white, not rich, and not connected have quietly succeeded. While the children of these people are winning spelling bees and getting top scores on the SAT, black youths are committing half the country’s violent crime, which includes viciously punching random white people on the street for the thrill of it that has nothing to do with poverty.
    The experiment has failed. Not because of white culture, or white privilege, or white racism. The fundamental problem is that American black culture has evolved into an un-fixable and crime ridden mess. *They do not want to change their culture or society, and expect others to tolerate their violence and amoral behavior. They have become socially incompatible with other races by their own design, not because of the racism of others – but by their own hatred of non-blacks.*
    Our leaders don’t seem to understand just how tired their white subjects are with this experiment. *They don’t understand that white people aren’t out to get black people; they are just exhausted with them. They are exhausted by the social pathologies, the violence, the endless complaints, and the blind racial solidarity, the bottomless pit of grievances, the excuses, and the reflexive animosity.*
    The elites explain everything with racism, and refuse to believe that white frustration could soon reach the boiling point.”—
    “You can’t legislate the poor into freedom by legislating the wealthy out of freedom. What one person receives without working for, another person must work for without receiving. The government can’t give to anybody anything that the government doesn’t first take from somebody else. When half of the people get the idea that they don’t have to work because the other half is going to take care of them, and when the other half gets the idea that it does no good to work because somebody else is going to get what they work for, that my dear friend, is about the end of any nation.
    You cannot multiply wealth by dividing it.”
    Ian Duncan
    The Baltimore Sun, May 30, 2015

  2. The only way their votes should count for more is if they were put on a scale at the voting booth.

  3. I would challenge any black to prove he is worse off now, than if his ancestors had not been sold into slavery. I would also ask them to prove that any white person alive today has held any of them into slavery.
    Then I would challenge them to read up on the history of who owned slaves and first sold them. Muslims and other blacks first held them while one of the worse slave owners in America was a black man. What about them?
    They need to pick up the book, The Unveiling of Timbuctoo.”
    Then what about the volunteer slaves that came to America willingly by working to pay off their passage. Then we have slaves that did not want freedom, but chose to stay. Those that were freed were given land and some money.
    How can you separate who was given what? It is time to get over the history, it affected no one alive today. But they are free to return to the homeland, if they even know where it is.
    White people have paid over and over for previous transgressions. We have gone through the Pigford farce, millions were given to people after different emergencies, only to be abused. We have dealt with affirmative action, free rent, food, cell phones, utilites, medical and other benefits. We have dealt with a black caucus with little positive effect. Just how much are we to bleed?
    With all that has been given, if a black has failed. He has to only look in the mirror to find the cause.
    We have had thousands of amazing blacks that have come from a sparse beginning only to succeed and make something of themselves. These are the people they need to emulate.
    It is time for blacks to stop playing the victim card and start turning their lives around.

  4. Interesting article. Good comments. Great quotes, especially from Booker T. Washington. Isn’t it amazing that Mr. Washington knew back in the late 1800’s and the early 1900’s that there would always be those Blacks who intentionally improvished Blacks for their own personal gain and noteriety. As usual, when discussing slavery and how mistreated the Black’s have been in this country, there are two things that never ever get said:
    1) Slavery is not unique to the Black American population. Every people group in the history of the world — yes even the Jews — has at one time been in slavery and subjected to the harsh treatment of another people group. Today in the 21st century the main slave masters and those under their control are muslim/islamist. In other words those who believe in the Quran are enslaving those who believe in the Quran.
    2) I, along with just about everybody I know, am waiting to obtain the median income stated in this article; “Median household wealth today is $141,900 for whites and only $11,000 for blacks.” Something tells me that these figures are way out of line. The number of high-paid Black atheletes alone would trigger a higher median income among Blacks and that does not include the Black newscasters, entertainers, etc. As for me and my family, we are waiting for that white privilege to kick in. The highest income my family has ever seen is $36,000. We have done quite well with our limited resources, especially since I retired and moved out of the city. We live very comfortably even though our house is a modified machine shed, which we call a shouse. It is warm in the winter, cool in the summer, dry when it snows/rains and rodent proof. What more can you ask for?
    As long as Blacks think they are owed a living things will never change. I thank God Almighty everyday for all the Blacks that do not under any circumstances feel this way. They not only have to prove themselves as any of us have to, they have the added burden of overcoming the “uncle tom” syndrome within their own race. May the Lord have mercy.

    • MA in MO . . . your words are eloquent, and I could not agree more! God Bless you.

    • “Median household wealth today is $141,900 for whites and only $11,000 for blacks.”
      THAT explains a LOT! Now I know why I’m having such a hard time paying my bills every Month-I’M BLACK!! So where’s my Obamaphone?I want everything we Blacks believe you crackers OWE US! NOW!!!

  5. Dr Eowyn . . . this is an article that is not only profound, but flabbergasting. It never ceases to amaze me that peoples who have been on the receiving end over decades still do not think they have received enough for an injustice which was not done to them personally. How many of them would actually choose to change lives with various peoples who now reside in Africa? I think not–even our poor live better than many who would be considered wealthy in their African countries. To have this kind of foment inside the country is just as bad as having enemies assailing us from outside.

  6. The comments here have stated the African American problem perfectly. The ones who are hanging on to this extremely negative cultural mind-set are their own worst enemy – whites aren’t the enemy. But, we have to understand that they are raised with this thinking since birth and it’s extremely difficult for them to break free of it, and if they want to, their family and friends rip them to shreds for even trying to. I don’t condone it or say whites have to pay for their ancestors life, but they’re entrenched with the total victim consciousness and feel complete injustice has been dealt them. Victims feel it’s everyone else’s fault they’re in the position they have in life. With this also comes, anger, hatred, revenge, hopelessness, resentment, retaliation and there doesn’t seem to be any wisdom or understanding coming from these people. Well, there isn’t because wisdom is completely shut out through the anger, hatred, etc. They truly need help in realizing it’s all up to them what they make of themselves and that blaming others only keeps them exactly where they are. Their solution is to believe they have power over who they are and what their life will be. Many have successfully broken away from a life of poverty and crime. They were born into that situation for a reason – and it’s not to hang onto it. It’s their opportunity to change themselves and rise above their circumstances. If they would only call to God and the angels to help, they would see a dramatic difference in their thoughts and feelings and negative in their life would begin to be positive. It might take a little bit of time and they would have to ignore their family and peers, but it can be done, and has been done. This issue is long over and we must ignore those who want it to remain the black race’s problem. Ignore the Jesse Jackson’s, Al Sharpton’s, Michelle and Barack Obama’s, Eric Holder’s, the black lives matter group, the entire Democratic/communist party,all the whites who agree with them, and all the rest If we don’t give them our energy to keep his idiocy going, they will only have their own and this vicious, destructive energy can’t sustain itself forever and will burn out. Stop tying into their destructiveness and irrational feelings. The African Americans who’ve chosen a higher life must show them the way – it won’t be accepted from any other race. God is the answer. God is the answer to all of earth’s problems. When more and more people return to His heart, that’s when people will become whole again, and all things will begin to return to the highest lifestyle.

  7. Imagine a white writer making such a proposition. Would the article be published, or would the proposal be called racist, with the writer being publicly shamed, fired, and kicked out of any organization to which he belonged?

  8. It begs the question, too, of how they will go about determining who qualifies as a person whose vote ought to could 167%. Who’s “black”? Would Obama qualify, even though (if you accept his claimed ancestry) he’s only half black and descended from a man who never knew slavery in the U.S.? Obama, whose white ancestors were slave holders themselves? Would we finally see that birth certificate?

    • It begs the question, too, of how they will go about determining…who’s “black”
      Exactly my thought. If this becomes real, I propose that all Americans claim to be black.

      • Gee-if we did THAT,our votes would be worth about what our MONEY’S worth these days……”….and with about half the votes counted,with 149,773,288,405,606,238 votes,the leader in the Presidential race is….”

      • Oh, but he had that covered! I didn’t read his entire article. Sorry. My eyes began to glaze over, and I was getting too angry, so I didn’t finish it before I commented. When I went back to finish, I saw this:
        “The most straightforward approach would be to limit access to weighted voting to those American-born citizens who have demonstrated through government documents, such as drivers’ licenses or birth certificates, that they identify, and are identified by others, as black or African American. There are bound to be instances where this approach is challenged, and one answer would be to model guidelines after the general requirements for establishing American Indian or Alaska Native ancestry as outlined by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, which involve establishing that a lineal ancestor belongs to a specific tribe and then producing vital records that document a relationship to that ancestor.”
        So you’d have to be listed on your government documents as black and also “identified by others as black or African American.” It won’t matter if your ancestors were slaves or even slave-holders, just so long as you have black skin.
        What if your birth certificate says “black” but others don’t identify you as black? Will there be a system where people can challenge you? Rachel Dolezal may possibly have documents that say she’s black, like a driver’s license.
        As for how the Bureau of Indian Affairs decides American Indian ancestry, I personally know people who are not considered Native Americans even though they ARE Native Americans. These are people whose ancestors didn’t go to the reservations and so aren’t on the “official” rolls. There are also people on the rolls who have no Native American ancestors.
        Remind me: Aren’t liberals the ones who complain that nobody should have to produce identification in order to vote? This guy is proposing a system where blacks would have to provide multiple documents and maybe even documents for “lineal ancestors”.

    • Alas, methinks we shall never see that birth certificate, my friend! 🙂

  9. Thank you Dr. Eowyn for this most excellent post. Black Americans should listen to their famous heroes, Booker T. Washington and Sheriff Clarke, where truth and honesty has been spoken, an act of true love. Dr. Eowyn, the thoughts of these men are so important and I appreciate you including their thoughts to reply to the ridiculous proposal herein.
    This is a travesty, to define the black vote to hold more weight in numbers than the votes of other Americans. It is preposterous and utterly unjust. Again, God, please help us!

  10. To my way of thinking, the best way to undo the ‘wrongs’ of slavery would be to just ship all blacks back to Africa,..whether they want to go, or not,.
    Ya think,.?.

  11. Do you ever wonder how many of them think,”I wish I’d just kept my damned MOUTH SHUT!!!”

  12. “Community organizers” are working overtime these days, and are now openly calling for widespread violence against Whites. *With zero response from any level of law enforcement.* And we are seeing that violence; police are being executed, cars driving down the road are being shot up; things are deteriorating rapidly.
    0bama is not going to step down, and all this fuss about Trump is irrelevant as there will be no elections in 2016. As soon as they get this race war going, Obama will have his excuse to declare a national emergency and all those executive orders will take effect.
    That’s their plan anyway. Can Whitey avoid the bait long enough to get to the end of 2016, to deny Obama that excuse? Probably a moot point, all they have to do is burn enough towns down, kill enough police, and there’s the excuse, whether Whitey is defending himself or not.
    So then the question becomes, what will Americans do when the Feds come to their door? Bearing the full weight of the most powerful killing machine ever assembled, to American citizens, one wood-framed house at a time?
    And even if we choose to fight back, will that even matter? When our AR-15s aren’t any kind of a match against stinger missles (5 mile range), much less Apache helicopters, etc etc.
    Enjoy the days of peace my friends, we may not have many of them left. By the way this government is acting, WWIII will be fought in America.

  13. Screw these people. If you ain’t paying for the upkeep you shouldn’t get to make any decisions on how things are done.
    IMO the only people who should be permitted to vote are those who are natural born citizens and who own real property and pay taxes on it. That would get rid of the voting “rights” of 99% of the blacks and mesicans, all idiotic college students, welfare recipients and other national deadbeats who should have no voice…..none at all….in choosing who and how the country is managed.

  14. If blacks deserve more for slavery that happened before they were born, then whites deserve more for your racism you are showing now.


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