Quite possibly the most racist article you will ever read

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To some, the essay below may well be the most racist and incendiary article ever written. See that flame thrower above? LOL
My defense is that I found this article on a black man’s website, Col. Allen West’s
The article, originally published in American Renaissance, was written by a self-described liberal public defender Michael Smith, which is a pen name. Given what he has to say, I don’t blame him for concealing his identity.
It’s rather long, but well worth your read. 
Obviously, Michael Smith isn’t describing all Blacks because there are millions of Black people who are not violent or criminal or perpetually angry and resentful. I know many; so do you. They are among our friends, neighbors, and co-workers. They are the success stories of America’s civil rights movement. 
But the Blacks described by Michael Smith, I believe, are a lost cause. You and I have encountered and seen them, especially in large urban areas like NYC. 
black inmate

Confessions of a Public Defender

By Michael Smith
American Renaissance
May 9, 2014
Still liberal after all these years.
I am a public defender in a large southern metropolitan area. Fewer than ten percent of the people in the area I serve are black but over 90 per cent of my clients are black. The remaining ten percent are mainly Hispanics but there are a few whites.
I have no explanation for why this is, but crime has racial patterns. Hispanics usually commit two kinds of crime: sexual assault on children and driving under the influence. Blacks commit many violent crimes but very few sex crimes. The handful of whites I see commit all kinds of crimes. In my many years as a public defender I have represented only three Asians, and one was half black.
As a young lawyer, I believed the official story that blacks are law abiding, intelligent, family-oriented people, but are so poor they must turn to crime to survive. Actual black behavior was a shock to me.
The media invariably sugarcoat black behavior. Even the news reports of the very crimes I dealt with in court were slanted. Television news intentionally leaves out unflattering facts about the accused, and sometimes omits names that are obviously black. All this rocked my liberal, tolerant beliefs, but it took me years to set aside my illusions and accept the reality of what I see every day. I have now served thousands of blacks and their families, protecting their rights and defending them in court. What follow are my observations.
Although blacks are only a small percentage of our community, the courthouse is filled with them: the halls and gallery benches are overflowing with black defendants, families, and crime victims. Most whites with business in court arrive quietly, dress appropriately, and keep their heads down. They get in and get out–if they can–as fast as they can. For blacks, the courthouse is like a carnival. They all seem to know each other: hundreds and hundreds each day, gossiping, laughing loudly, waving, and crowding the halls.
When I am appointed to represent a client I introduce myself and explain that I am his lawyer. I explain the court process and my role in it, and I ask the client some basic questions about himself. At this stage, I can tell with great accuracy how people will react. Hispanics are extremely polite and deferential. An Hispanic will never call me by my first name and will answer my questions directly and with appropriate respect for my position. Whites are similarly respectful.
A black man will never call me Mr. Smith; I am always “Mike.” It is not unusual for a 19-year-old black to refer to me as “dog.” A black may mumble complaints about everything I say, and roll his eyes when I politely interrupt so I can continue with my explanation. Also, everything I say to blacks must be at about the third-grade level. If I slip and use adult language, they get angry because they think I am flaunting my superiority.
At the early stages of a case, I explain the process to my clients. I often do not yet have the information in the police reports. Blacks are unable to understand that I do not yet have answers to all of their questions, but that I will by a certain date. They live in the here and the now and are unable to wait for anything. Usually, by the second meeting with the client I have most of the police reports and understand their case.
Unlike people of other races, blacks never see their lawyer as someone who is there to help them. I am a part of the system against which they are waging war. They often explode with anger at me and are quick to blame me for anything that goes wrong in their case.
Black men often try to trip me up and challenge my knowledge of the law or the facts of the case. I appreciate sincere questions about the elements of the offense or the sentencing guidelines, but blacks ask questions to test me. Unfortunately, they are almost always wrong in their reading, or understanding, of the law, and this can cause friction. I may repeatedly explain the law, and provide copies of the statute showing, for example, why my client must serve six years if convicted, but he continues to believe that a hand-written note from his “cellie” is controlling law.
The risks of trial
The Constitution allows a defendant to make three crucial decisions in his case. He decides whether to plea guilty or not guilty. He decides whether to have a bench trial or a jury trial. He decides whether he will testify or whether he will remain silent. A client who insists on testifying is almost always making a terrible mistake, but I cannot stop him.
Most blacks are unable to speak English well. They cannot conjugate verbs. They have a poor grasp of verb tenses. They have a limited vocabulary. They cannot speak without swearing. They often become hostile on the stand. Many, when they testify, show a complete lack of empathy and are unable to conceal a morality based on the satisfaction of immediate, base needs. This is a disaster, especially in a jury trial. Most jurors are white, and are appalled by the demeanor of uneducated, criminal blacks.
Prosecutors are delighted when a black defendant takes the stand. It is like shooting fish in a barrel. However, the defense usually gets to cross-examine the black victim, who is likely to make just as bad an impression on the stand as the defendant. This is an invaluable gift to the defense, because jurors may not convict a defendant—even if they think he is guilty—if they dislike the victim even more than they dislike the defendant.
Most criminal cases do not go to trial. Often the evidence against the accused is overwhelming, and the chances of conviction are high. The defendant is better off with a plea bargain: pleading guilty to a lesser charge and getting a lighter sentence.
The decision to plea to a lesser charge turns on the strength of the evidence. When blacks ask the ultimate question—”Will we win at trial?”—I tell them I cannot know, but I then describe the strengths and weaknesses of our case. The weaknesses are usually obvious: There are five eyewitnesses against you. Or, you made a confession to both the detective and your grandmother. They found you in possession of a pink cell phone with a case that has rhinestones spelling the name of the victim of the robbery. There is a video of the murderer wearing the same shirt you were wearing when you were arrested, which has the words “In Da Houz” on the back, not to mention you have the same “RIP Pookie 7/4/12” tattoo on your neck as the man in the video. Etc.
If you tell a black man that the evidence is very harmful to his case, he will blame you. “You ain’t workin’ fo’ me.” “It like you workin’ with da State.” Every public defender hears this. The more you try to explain the evidence to a black man, the angrier he gets. It is my firm belief many black are unable to discuss the evidence against them rationally because they cannot view things from the perspective of others. They simply cannot understand how the facts in the case will appear to a jury.
This inability to see things from someone else’s perspective helps explain why there are so many black criminals. They do not understand the pain they are inflicting on others. One of my robbery clients is a good example. He and two co-defendants walked into a small store run by two young women. All three men were wearing masks. They drew handguns and ordered the women into a back room. One man beat a girl with his gun. The second man stood over the second girl while the third man emptied the cash register. All of this was on video.
My client was the one who beat the girl. When he asked me, “What are our chances at trial?” I said, “Not so good.” He immediately got angry, raised his voice, and accused me of working with the prosecution. I asked him how he thought a jury would react to the video. “They don’t care,” he said. I told him the jury would probably feel deeply sympathetic towards these two women and would be angry at him because of how he treated them. I asked him whether he felt bad for the women he had beaten and terrorized. He told me what I suspected—what too many blacks say about the suffering of others: “What do I care? She ain’t me. She ain’t kin. Don’t even know her.”
No fathers
As a public defender, I have learned many things about people. One is that defendants do not have fathers. If a black even knows the name of his father, he knows of him only as a shadowy person with whom he has absolutely no ties. When a client is sentenced, I often beg for mercy on the grounds that the defendant did not have a father and never had a chance in life. I have often tracked down the man’s father–in jail–and have brought him to the sentencing hearing to testify that he never knew his son and never lifted a finger to help him. Often, this is the first time my client has ever met his father. These meetings are utterly unemotional.
Many black defendants don’t even have mothers who care about them. Many are raised by grandmothers after the state removes the children from an incompetent teenaged mother. Many of these mothers and grandmothers are mentally unstable, and are completely disconnected from the realities they face in court and in life. A 47-year-old grandmother will deny that her grandson has gang ties even though his forehead is tattooed with a gang sign or slogan. When I point this out in as kind and understanding way as I can, she screams at me. When black women start screaming, they invoke the name of Jesus and shout swear words in the same breath.
Black women have great faith in God, but they have a twisted understanding of His role. They do not pray for strength or courage. They pray for results: the satisfaction of immediate needs. One of my clients was a black woman who prayed in a circle with her accomplices for God’s protection from the police before they would set out to commit a robbery.
The mothers and grandmothers pray in the hallways–not for justice, but for acquittal. When I explain that the evidence that their beloved child murdered the shop keeper is overwhelming, and that he should accept the very fair plea bargain I have negotiated, they will tell me that he is going to trial and will “ride with the Lord.” They tell me they speak to God every day and He assures them that the young man will be acquitted.
Part of the problem is that underclass black women begin having babies at age 15. They continue to have babies, with different black men, until they have had five or six. These women do not go to school. They do not work. They are not ashamed to live on public money. They plan their entire lives around the expectation that they will always get free money and never have to work. I do not see this among whites, Hispanics, or any other people.
The black men who become my clients also do not work. They get social security disability payments for a mental defect or for a vague and invisible physical ailment. They do not pay for anything: not for housing (Grandma lives on welfare and he lives with her), not for food (Grandma and the baby-momma share with him), and not for child support. When I learn that my 19-year-old defendant does not work or go to school, I ask, “What do you do all day?” He smiles. “You know, just chill.” These men live in a culture with no expectations, no demands, and no shame.
If you tell a black to dress properly for trial, and don’t give specific instructions, he will arrive in wildly inappropriate clothes. I represented a woman who was on trial for drugs; she wore a baseball cap with a marijuana leaf embroidered on it. I represented a man who wore a shirt that read “rules are for suckers” to his probation hearing. Our office provides suits, shirts, ties, and dresses for clients to wear for jury trials. Often, it takes a whole team of lawyers to persuade a black to wear a shirt and tie instead of gang colors.
From time to time the media report that although blacks are 12 percent of the population they are 40 percent of the prison population. This is supposed to be an outrage that results from unfair treatment by the criminal justice system. What the media only hint at is another staggering reality: recidivism. Black men are arrested and convicted over and over. It is typical for a black man to have five felony convictions before the age of 30. This kind of record is rare among whites and Hispanics, and probably even rarer among Asians.
At one time our office was looking for a motto that defined our philosophy. Someone joked that it should be: “Doesn’t everyone deserve an eleventh chance?”
I am a liberal. I believe that those of us who are able to produce abundance have a moral duty to provide basic food, shelter, and medical care for those who cannot care for themselves. I believe we have this duty even to those who can care for themselves but don’t. This world view requires compassion and a willingness to act on it.
My experience has taught me that we live in a nation in which a jury is more likely to convict a black defendant who has committed a crime against a white. Even the dullest of blacks know this. There would be a lot more black-on-white crime if this were not the case.
However, my experience has also taught me that blacks are different by almost any measure to all other people. They cannot reason as well. They cannot communicate as well. They cannot control their impulses as well. They are a threat to all who cross their paths, black and non-black alike.
I do not know the solution to this problem. I do know that it is wrong to deceive the public. Whatever solutions we seek should be based on the truth rather than what we would prefer was the truth. As for myself, I will continue do my duty to protect the rights of all who need me.

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0 responses to “Quite possibly the most racist article you will ever read

  1. I taught in New York City for twelve years, and I regret to tell you that “Mike” is describing these people very accurately. The only thing I can surmise is that, as most of these people don’t have fathers present in the house, the only way the mother can control her son is to triangulate him with the help of her mother or sister.
    And “Mike” is right—emotionally, these people are in the third or fourth grade. Emotionally, they are about eight to eleven years old.

    • Spot on, Steven, about the fatherless problem. If you read the rest of Michael Smith’s article on American Renaissance, you would see this:
      “As a public defender, I have learned many things about people. One is that defendants do not have fathers. If a black even knows the name of his father, he knows of him only as a shadowy person with whom he has absolutely no ties. When a client is sentenced, I often beg for mercy on the grounds that the defendant did not have a father and never had a chance in life. I have often tracked down the man’s father–in jail–and have brought him to the sentencing hearing to testify that he never knew his son and never lifted a finger to help him. Often, this is the first time my client has ever met his father. These meetings are utterly unemotional.
      Many black defendants don’t even have mothers who care about them. Many are raised by grandmothers after the state removes the children from an incompetent teenaged mother. Many of these mothers and grandmothers are mentally unstable, and are completely disconnected from the realities they face in court and in life.”

      So the problem goes beyond fatherlessness to being motherless as well. And what is the main cause of the breakdown of the black family?

    • This not in any way shape or form a “racist” article. Is it just me or is it nothing less than bizarre that the “racist” label is almost always used ad nauseum to explain away anything and everything that falls outside the liberal point of view? The writer is simply describing the American social reality that should concern everyone and must be addressed and dealt with. No surprise that he is an admitted liberal and in denial when he states … “I do not know the solution to this problem” after describing the breakdown of the black family which is in fact the problem. I totally understand his denial because it is his own liberalism that created the problem by creating a culture of entitlement for blacks based on the lie that the problem is based on the lack of melanin in the original American slave owners, the fact that the first American slave owner was in fact a black man notwithstanding not to mention that black’s participation in the slave trade predates American slavery and continues to this day. This assinine denial gets more and more bizarre as now liberals believe that the melanine challenged Americans share the guilt of their forebears and must pay compensation. This makes perfect sense to liberals despite the fact that a minority of whites were actually slave owners and the ancestors of most white Americans arrived on American shores post slavery. Liberal belief in guilt by descendency is proof enough that liberals haven’t a clue about simple concepts as justice.

  2. Thank you, Michael Smith for writing about the truth. Thank you, Steve, for posting his essay.
    Smith observed that “Many [blacks], when they testify, show a complete lack of empathy and are unable to conceal a morality based on the satisfaction of immediate, base needs.” Lack of empathy, absence of remorse, and amorality (or a self-serving “morality” — an oxymoron because morality, by definition, is social) are defining attributes of psychopathy.
    The only thing on which I disagree with the author is that criminal blacks care about their kin. They don’t. Just watch some of the TV judge shows, like People’s Court or Judge Judy. Many of the black litigants are family members, and they are venal and vicious toward each other.
    So what does American society do with so many psychopaths in our midst? I honestly am at a loss. I fear for our future because the police, our last line of defense against criminal psychopaths, are now being vilified (including by politicians like NY mayor de Blasio), shot at, and killed.

    • The ideas referenced in the second paragraph of Dr Eowyn’s statement really hits the nail on the head — regarding psychopathy. This is the very reason why these individuals are so dangerous to others. This article was well written by Mr Michael Smith, and Bless You, Steve for bringing it to us. I would agree with others — this is not a “racist” view. It is just “tellin’ it like it is!”

    • You know, Dr. Eowyn, something else occurred to me. I did not witness that many black kids in the schools I taught in who were motherless, but it seemed to me (and others) that the fatherless home, together with the boy/young man being triangulated by emotionally unstable or occupation-less women, does something to warp their minds: They feel the “need” to rebel against what we can call here “domestication,” for lack of a street word.
      At any rate, we are all of us tempted to the sin of envy, and I noticed continuously that the group will always try to drag or knock the individual down in the classroom. They take great pride in being intellectually ignorant, which they see as “acting white,” and greater pride in being “street smart.” They get their approval from the pack, from the gang, and they see drug-dealing as their adventure and step up. (On a number of occasions, a teen would whip out a bundle of cash, literally in the THOUSANDS. I am not kidding! “Yo, Broiles, did YOU make this much money last week?” On one occasion, the amount of money was in excess of $7,000. I AM NOT KIDDING.)
      Sociologically, you are correct, of course: The Welfare State, brought to its level of moribundity, by design, by LBJ and others, has driven a permanent wedge into the black family. And despite the immediate conveniences this may bring some of them, Make No Mistake: These people do resent what has been done to them, collectively: Slavery, Jim Crow, the syphilis “experiments,” etc., etc. So, YES, there IS racism out there, systemically, and the plantation has gone from the physical farm to the economic/political plantation. And it DOES cut both ways: On a few occasions, these kids told me (politely!), “Broiles, stop it—our own PARENTS teach us race hatred.”
      I don’t see any cure or solution to the problem: The political and public will is lacking.

      • “I don’t see any cure or solution to the problem: The political and public will is lacking.”
        Before there can be a will, the problem must first be identified, named, and diagnosed — all of which is absent in both government and public discourse. Instead, all we hear is the old tiresome worn-out refrain of “racism.”

  3. Sad. And there is the problem.

    • Dr. Eowyn, there is hope. Rev. James David Manning of ATLAH Ministries in Harlem is a lone voice crying out in the wilderness. He has organized a boycott of MSNBC advertisers to rid the channel of Al Sharpton. A thousand mile trek begins with the first step. Look into Rev. Manning—he’s a good man. The more publicity for his cause, the better.

  4. Thank you for stating facts. To me this is not racist, it is just simply the way things are. I have long felt that there are certain people who have been and always will be two-bricks-short-of-a-load. There is a larger percentage of them in the Black community. I know of a religion that does not believe in sending missionaries to foreign countries, especially predominantly Black countries. The basis for their believe is this: “How much money has the Western world poured into these countries?” “How much good has it done.” They are still backward, illiterate, live in squalor, etc. If a people group does not have brain power to make a quilt out of scrapes, then pouring billions of dollars into their live is not going to do any good.

    • MA in MO,
      I see your point about the futility of pouring taxpayer $ into Africa (which the U.S. is doing right now to “combat” Ebola), but that is not a viable course of action within the United States because of blacks’ propensity to violence and criminality. Like the extortion money that U.S. corporations pay to Jesse Jackson and Al Sharpton, welfare is a form of extortion payment to the black population in the U.S.

      • Pouring billions into afrika and the ghettos is like flushing it down the toilet. it’ is a catch 22 set up by the globalist Luciferians in order to destroy western civilization. The behavior of US ghetto blax (the majority) is similar to their behavior in afrika.
        If you cut off aid (the free gibs mes) they will riot, rape, murder and pillage until the country is in ashes. We are being lowered to their standards, which are no standards at all like a heaven on earth to them and a hell on earth to civilized people in every western country
        Leftist libruls can call me rayciss til the cows come home, but if anything I’m a realist and have seen way too much of the primitive savage behaviors of these soulless creatures? Obama and his animal trainers have been openly promoting this descent into hell for quite some time. The communists are winning or have already won. and people are either brainwashed or timid to speak out
        The current vilifying of whiter police is also in their playbook and so far is working to plan allowing ghetto negroes and mestizos to go on murder rape and pillaging rampages without any fear of being arrested or in any other way domesticated by whites who they consider satan

  5. Years ago I was reading about research that had been done at Universities in conjunction with the military during WW1, the Psychological Examination of Recruits. The committee that designed the WWI Army Alpha and Beta testing program. The top Ph.D. Professors of Psychology, Psychobiology, Nurology were to find out military qualities by race. The testing showed what was considered to be “undesirable” races. They put together a committee that was charged with developing group intelligence test that could identify recruits with low intelligence and allow the Army to recognize men who were particularly well-suited for special assignments and officers’ training schools. The launch of the Army Alpha and Beta testing program was seen a pivotal moment in the history of psychology. First, it provided psychometricians with the first group intelligence tests. Second, the publicity it generated popularized intelligence testing in the public and private sectors. Third, the program provided vast amounts of data to serve as fuel for future controversies over apparent racial differences in intelligence test scores and the supposed decline of America’s “national intelligence.” It was from many of these test on thousands of men from different ethnic backgrounds that the KKK based their belief system on.

  6. I notice “Mike”‘s not “Liberal” enough to represent all his poor,substandard,downtrodden Black clients pro bono.

    • truckjunkie, A public defender is free to a defendant who “shows” he can’t afford a lawyer. So Mike is working for the downtrodden client for free. I know the state is paying him, but he could make more in private practice.
      Just saying… LOL

  7. A criminal defense lawyer’s job is to defend his or her client to the utmost, and to make damn sure the government proves beyond a reasonable doubt that it has the legal authority to deprive said client of their property, freedom, or even their life.
    Something tells me this guy is not quite up to the job.

    • Sorry Dave, I will agree to disagree with you. I believe he is more than up to the job. To me, he came across in this article as very compassionate with an indepth knowledge and understanding of human nature that is above and beyond a level that most of us never accomplish. Not because of any other reason than the largest percentage of us don’t deal with other people groups on that level.

  8. Leeann Springer

    Perhaps it is not “skin color” but “a broken culture” that does not serve humanity well. I have Black friends that are extremely articulate, goal oriented, self-reliant and well-off. They have never been convicted and give back to society. What they all have in common is “intact family upbringings” with a dad and mother, in one home, all with the same last name. One of my friends said he tries to reach out to “hood-rats” (his term) and he even said how disgusted he is with this present generation of Black youth. He also said there were times when he got his butt whipped, by his dad and the old black belt. He said at the time he felt his dad was too strict and even angry at him for being strict with discipline. As he grew up and saw what was becoming of the Blacks, he said he “Thanked God” for giving him the dad he had. He said he knew that his dad loved him and his siblings, even though they knew not to break certain rules. He does blame the decline in the Black culture, to having no accountability and the government making a way to keep them in a hood-rat culture. He has also been ridiculed and even threatened at times for acting “White” and accused of selling out other Blacks. That is the attitude some have against successful Black men and women. There is a crumbling of culture, which has turned it into something very ugly and soul-less. My thoughts on this may seem farfetched but here they are anyway: I think our government is purposely creating a sub-class to bring down the whole country (satanic controlled government) but the elites are spared. Once the desired destruction Is upon this country, the welfare recipients, gangs, hood-rats, trashy White people, homosexuals, and every other useful ilk, will be “ear-marked” for liquidation in FEMA Camps. With every crawling thing coming out these days; they are marking themselves for destruction. On a closing note, I could never be a “defense attorney”. I would have to be a prosecuting attorney. Peace to all….Leeann

    • During the sixty’s my dad was transferred from San Diego to North Chicago. We went to regular public schools but hit racism like a brick wall. It wasn’t white kids being racist against black kids, it was the other way around. I made a few friends among the black girls but it was their other black friends that were constantly interrupting and destroying all that was good in friendship. These kids had mom’s and dad’s in their homes.One friend had to act like she hated me at school but on the weekends our mom’s would drive us to the bus station and we would ride the bus out to the country and spend the whole day on a horse farm. I was invited to a birthday party of this girl, I was the only white girl and her friends wanted to gang up on me. I slept the night in a chair. We moved back to California and went back to Rednecks hating the Hippies. Hate Sucks.

      • This is an indictment against a segment of American Blacks. As much as I try to swerve around it, the problem can’t be ignored. Thank God for men like Dr. Ben Carson, who stand in strong contrast to the image painted in this article. The author is speaking about the demographic of the people he has encountered as a criminal defense lawyer. He is not looking at the vast number who are NOT in court for crimes. The ones he misses are absent from this lawyer’s experience for the obvious reason that they did not commit a crime.
        That point made (I hope), I would now like to redirect the blame to one of its sources. When President Lyndon Johnson (D) signed into effect the welfare program known as The Great Society, he boasted to his cronies that from now on we (the Democrats) would “own the niggers.” An evil (and I mean evil) white democrat president set this monstrous condition into motion in the 1960s.

    • Leeann, You are absolutely right that this has been done, is being done, and will continue to be done on purpose. Read the “Rules for Radicals”, which has and is and will continue to be the playbook for the liberal, leftist elites and the New World Order global financiers. They have paid the Jesse Jackson’s, Al Sharpton’s, Louis Farrakkan’s of this world millions to continue their race baiting and to keep society in a constant state of crisis. Remember Rahm Emanuel’s comment that “you can never let a good crisis go to waste”. This also includes the current Ukrainian crisis, tit-for-tat with Russia, and who knows how many other situations and wars the global financiers are behind. Most of this is public knowledge if you just look for it. My father was anti-sports. Not because he did not like a good game of baseball, but because it was big business that kept the sheeples busy and engaged in something other than what was happening with our government and in the world. Our forefathers predicted all of this. Thus why history is not being taught in schools. Fortunately there are those like you that are beginning to wake up, but I fear it is too late. Besides Revalations has to happen and as far as I am concerned, Lord bring it on, bring it on!

  9. Thought provoking article for sure, but the comments on the article were an even better read. The people commenting engaged in a discussion that was equally insightful, observant, and direct, without falling into the traps of propaganda, semantics, and ideologies based on hate. Instead the commenters based their opinions on facts, statistics, personal experience, education on the issues (both historic and present day), and a deeper urge to study the roots of problems, the obvious negative effects of social engineering and government interference, rather than on all of this being a simple black/white issue of racism and white privilege (both highly suspect terms created by men with very interesting agendas and motivations).
    Lastly, I’d like to point out the overwhelming anti-God, anti-religious sentiments spewed by many liberals, progressives, socialists, communists – basically those who label themselves as being on the left. These folks often cite their moral duty or moral obligation to society/the greater good. If these people do not believe in God, Jesus, or of the values of any Christian denomination in terms of religion, where, from what, or from who, do they get their sense of morality from? The government? The planet? Other men (and women). Satan? My question is not to ridicule those who identify themselves as being on the left. My question is an honest one. I don’t know the answer and would appreciate if someone educated on the issue could provide me with one. Thank you.


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