The ability to read proficiently is a fundamental skill that affects not just how well students do in school, but also their future wellbeing as adults.
Students who read proficiently are more likely to perform well in other subjects, such as math and science, whereas those who struggle with reading are much less likely to be academically engaged and therefore do poorly in school. Reading achievement also predicts the likelihood of graduating from high school and attending college. Adults with poor literacy skills find it difficult to function in society because many basic decision-making skills require reading proficiency. Strong reading skills also protect against unemployment in early adulthood. People who are not able to fill out an application because of limited reading or writing skills are likely to have difficulty finding a job or accessing social services. Research shows that performance on adult literacy tests helps explain differences in wages. Adults with limited reading abilities also are likely to have children with limited reading abilities. [Source]
The term “reading proficiency” refers to performance on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Reading Assessments. The scores for reading proficiency range from 0 to 500 (with a standard deviation of 100) and are divided into 3 achievement levels: Basic, Proficient, and Advanced.
Wisconsin’s public school teachers are among the thousands demonstrating in Wisconsin’s state capital against Governor Scott Walker’s plan to rein in public employee unions’ runaway health costs and other benefits. The teachers not only cancelled classes, they corraled their students to join the demonstrations.
But a report by the NAEP reveals that although Wisconsin’s spending on public schools had more than doubled in the past 10 years, that has not resulted in even one iota of improvement in the students’ reading skills. Worse still, some two-thirds of the state’s 8th graders read below “proficiency” level!
Only in America’s public sector are employees’ pay detached from their performance. If America’s public schools were a privately-owned business, it would have gone bankrupt years ago.
Two-Thirds of Wisconsin Public-School 8th Graders Can’t Read Proficiently—Despite Highest Per Pupil Spending in Midwest
Tuesday, February 22, 2011
By Terence P. Jeffrey
In the National Assessment of Educational Progress tests administered by the U.S. Department of Education in 2009—the latest year available—only 32 percent of Wisconsin public-school eighth graders earned a “proficient” rating while another 2 percent earned an “advanced” rating. The other 66 percent of Wisconsin public-school eighth graders earned ratings below “proficient,” including 44 percent who earned a rating of “basic” and 22 percent who earned a rating of “below basic.”
The test also showed that the reading abilities of Wisconsin public-school eighth graders had not improved at all between 1998 and 2009 despite a significant inflation-adjusted increase in the amount of money Wisconsin public schools spent per pupil each year.
In 1998, according to the U.S. Department of Education, Wisconsin public school eighth graders scored an average of 266 out of 500 on the NAEP reading test. In 2009, Wisconsin public school eighth graders once again scored an average of 266 out of 500 on the NAEP reading test. Meanwhile, Wisconsin public schools increased their per pupil expenditures from $4,956 per pupil in 1998 to 10,791 per pupil in 2008. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics inflation calculator the $4,956 Wisconsin spent per pupil in 1998 dollars equaled $6,546 in 2008 dollars. That means that from 1998 to 2008, Wisconsin public schools increased their per pupil spending by $4,245 in real terms yet did not add a single point to the reading scores of their eighth graders and still could lift only one-third of their eighth graders to at least a “proficient” level in reading.
The $10,791 that Wisconsin spent per pupil in its public elementary and secondary schools in fiscal year 2008 was more than any other state in the Midwest.
Neighboring Illinois spent $10,353 per student in 2008, Minnesota spent $10,048 per student; Iowa spent $9,520 per student. Among Midwest states, Nebraska was second to Wisconsin in per pupil spending in its public schools, spending $10,565 per student.
Of these nearby states, only Minnesota did slightly better teaching reading to its public school students. In 2009, 39 percent of eighth graders in Minnesota public schools earned a rating of “proficient” or better in reading, and the average eighth grade reading score in the state was 270 out of 500.
In Illinois, only 32 percent of eighth graders earned a rating of “proficient” or better in reading, and the average eighth grade reading score was 265 out of 500. In Iowa, only 32 percent of eighth graders earned a rating of “proficient” or better in reading, and the average reading score was 265 out of 500. In Nebraska, only 35 percent of eighth graders earned a rating of “proficient” or better in their public schools, and the average reading score was 267 out of 500.
Nationwide, only 30 percent of public school eighth graders earned a rating of “proficient” or better in reading, and the average reading score on the NAEP test was 262 out of 500.
The National Assessment of Educational Progress explains its student rating system as follows: “Basic denotes partial mastery of prerequisite knowledge and skills that are fundamental for proficient work at each grade. Proficient represents solid academic performance. Students reaching this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter. Advanced represents superior performance.”
In other words, despite the $10,791 that taxpayers were paying to educate students in Wisconsin public schools, two-thirds of eighth graders in those schools showed at best only a “partial mastery of prerequisite knowledge and skills that are fundamental for proficient work” at that grade level.
In fiscal 2008, the federal government provided $669.6 million in subsidies to the public schools in Wisconsin.
For more on how the National Assessment of Education Progress measures and evaluates students’ reading, go HERE.