Creation: Sick butterflies & ants medicate themselves!

glasswing butterflyGlasswing butterfly

Did you know that chimpanzees and baboons in the wild eat some of the the same herbs and leaves as humans in parts of Africa do to treat malaria, diarrhea, and infections?

But this astounding ability to self-medicate isn’t just restricted to “higher” animals like primates with the cognitive ability “to observe, learn, and make conscious decisions.”

writes for Care2.com, April 15, 2013, that according to Mark Hunter, a University of Michigan ecologist, and his colleagues, monarch butterflies and ants, fruit flies and moths are also “animal pharmacists” who seek out certain plants for their curative effects.

Even more astounding is that not only do these insects use plants to treat their own maladies, they also medicate others. As examples:

  • Wood ants take an antimicrobial resin from conifer trees and incorporate it into their nests, to ward off microbial growth in the colony.
  • Monarch butterflies who have become infested with parasites protect their offspring from those parasites by laying their eggs on milkweed, which is anti-parasitic.
  • Honeybees collect antimicrobial resins and put these into their nests.

In Hunter’s words:

Perhaps the biggest surprise for us was that animals like fruit flies and butterflies can choose food for their offspring that minimizes the impacts of disease in the next generation. There are strong parallels with the emerging field of epigenetics in humans, where we now understand that dietary choices made by parents influence the long-term health of their children.

Scientists insist, however, that in the case of insects, using medication is an innate rather than a learned response. For instance, furry moth larvae known as wooly bear caterpillars have been observed to eat leaves of senecio (ragwort) to rid themselves of parasites. Eating these leaves fills them with alkaloids, which humans take in the form of caffeine, morphine and cocaine. Healthy wooly bear caterpillars also ingest small amounts of alkaloids so they become “unsavory” to predators — but if they eat too many, they can die.

The discovery that many types of insects self-medicate has a number of implications for “the ecology and evolution of animal hosts and their parasites,” says Hunter and his colleagues, as well as for understanding animal immune systems and our own.

Hunter concludes, “When we watch animals foraging for food in nature, we now have to ask, are they visiting the grocery store or are they visiting the pharmacy?” Plants are an important source of study to develop future medications, so observing which ones animals use to treat themselves could lead to the creation of new drugs for humans. To treat disease in ourselves, we’d do well to follow the flight of the butterfly.

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loopyloo305
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Reblogged this on The Christian Gazette and commented:
Our God is an amazing God, Creator of all things! Great post!

josephbc69
Guest

The Creation is always perfect; it is we less-than-perfect humans who don’t “get it” often enough or in timely ways soon enough to stop our arrogant trashing and disrespect of it. As Dr Weaver concluded at the end of “Ideas Have Consequences”, we lack piety, so we’ve lost our moral compass and are uncertain how to proceed.

pnordman
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Wow – our God is an AWESOME God! For those who doubt a Creator, watch nature at work. My personal proof is watching a sunrise every morning. Thanks so much for this post, dear Eo – a reminder to thank our Father for His love and for His remedies!

Joey
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Joey

This is pretty cool. It makes me wonder why insects do such clever things instinctively, while an untrained person alone in a jungle would hardly survive.

One hypothesis that comes to mind is that maybe because of their short lifespans, natural selection is iterated more often, making its effects more profound, resulting in quick adaptation.

Now that I think about it, insects will probably be the last animals to go extinct.

poolman
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poolman

Awesome information. Our Father has given all of us the means to heal what ails us. But don’t expect big pharma to get on that bandwagon. Unless they can patent and profit from it, they certainly won’t promote it, even going so far as to demonize whatever they themselves can’t control.

That is why 70 percent of Americans are on some type of MANufactured medication, primarily synthetic replications of real (God-made) remedies. And yet we remain the sickest of the generations.

Joan
Editor

Thank you Dr. Eowyn for this fascinating post! Indeed, our God is the First Cause for Existence; even the smallest of creatures are attended to by Him. This is just another illustration of His immense love and concern for all of His creatures.