Creation: New map shows Universe to be older than we thought

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“Praise the Lord, who is so good…
Who alone has done great wonders…
Who skillfully made the heavens…
Who spread the earth upon the waters…
Who made the great lights…
The sun to rule the day…
The moon and stars to rule the night…
Praise the God of heaven,
God’s love endures forever.” -Psalm 136

new map of UniverseClick pic to enlarge! (Image credit: ESA and the Planck Collaboration)

A new map of the Universe’s first light, right after the Big Bang, is forcing cosmologists to revise their notion of how old our Universe is.
Clara Moskowitz reports for Space.com, March 21, 2013, that Europe’s Planck spacecraft has revealed the most detailed map yet of the earliest light in the universe.
That light was released just 380,000 years after the Big Bang, and contains a record of how our universe came to be. The new map tracks small temperature variations in the glow pervading space called the cosmic microwave background (CMB), which reveals some tantalizing anomalies that could point toward new physics:

  • The Universe is older than once thought, now estimated to be 13.8 billion years old.
  • The Universe is expanding slower than once thought, now calculated to be 41.73 miles (67.15 kilometers) per second per megaparsec. The expansion rate is also known as the Hubble constant, and the new estimate is significantly lower than the values derived through other astronomical observations. (A parsec is a unit of length used in astronomy, equal to about 19.2 trillion miles {or 30.9 trillion km; 3.26 light-years}. A megaparsec is a distance of one million parsecs {approximately 3,260,000 light-years}. Astronomers typically measure the distances between galaxies and galaxy clusters in megaparsecs.) The expansion rate of the universe, in turn, is deeply connected to the idea of dark energy, which is the name scientists have given to whatever is causing the universe’s expansion to accelerate. The new finding could point toward a new direction of thinking about dark energy, including the possibility that it has changed over time.
  • Whereas the standard theory of inflation says that after the Big Bang, the Universe rapidly doubled in size every 10^-35 seconds (a decimal point followed by 34 zeroes and a one), and expanded uniformly in all directions, the new data from Planck suggest that might not have been the case. Johns Hopkins University astrophysicist Marc Kamionkowski explains: “One of the features of inflation is it says there should be no preferred direction — everywhere in the universe should be more or less the same. But when you look at the amplitudes, even by eye you can tell that one side of the universe looks different from the other side.” That is to say, the temperature variations in the CMB appear to be sized and spaced differently when Planck looks in one direction, than when it looks in the other.

But the map’s deviations from what was predicted are not cause for disappointment among scientists, but rather exhilaration. They could even lead toward unraveling the mysteries of dark matter and dark energy, two perplexing constituents of the universe that have yet to be explained by mainstream theories.
The Planck data may point to even more radical conclusions, such as the idea of multiple universes and bubble universes created by areas of the primordial universe that inflated at different rates.
As if the above isn’t mind-blowing enough, according to general relativity, space can expand faster than the speed of light, although we can view only a small portion of the Universe due to the limitation imposed by light speed. Since we cannot observe space beyond the limitations of light (or any electromagnetic radiation), it is uncertain whether the size of the Universe is finite or infinite.

~Eowyn

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0 responses to “Creation: New map shows Universe to be older than we thought

  1. Thank you Dr. Eowyn for this most interesting post and for the beautiful prayer in the Psalm. Indeed, this post about the universe is mind-boggling, since we really cannot fathom the numerical and mathematical information. But in my mind, it certainly casts doubt on the big-bang theory in light of the newly discovered timing of the age of the universe.

     
    • “…newly discovered timing of the age of the universe” What? I realize the reply to this statement is coming some two years after it was posted, but I must point out this ‘timing’ is certainly not new. I recall the age of the Universe being some 13.7 billion years when I was in High School in the late 1960s.
      I suggest Miss Joan and anyone with similar thoughts to read up on the “Cosmic Egg” theory of Msgr Georges LeMaitre. Pray note the theory was introduced as the “Cosmic Egg” theory; ‘Big Bang’ was a derogatory term coined by Sir Fred Hoyle later. Sir Fred hated the Cosmic Egg theory as it was far too close to the ‘superstitious’ account in the First Chapter of Genesis.

       
  2. GENESIS,a greek word meaning origin or beginning was the title given to this book by the translators of the third century b.c.greek old testament known as the septuagint.THE first word in the hebrew text,BERESHITH means in the beginning,and is used as the HEBREW name for this book.ALTHOUGH this book begins with the creation of the universe,the focal point is the creation of man.the amplified bible,IN THE BEGINNING GOD PREPARED,FORMED,AND FASHIONED,AND] CREATED THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH.SO NO MATTER HOW OLD THE UNIVERSE MAY BE GOD WAS IN THE BEGINNING! HEAVY DUTY!

     
  3. Hi Dr. Eowyn, with data and technology discovering this information about the creation of the universe, do you believe the beliefs of God’s creation of the world will soon be forgotten?
    I would love to hear your opinion here on my blog – https://themword1.wordpress.com/2013/03/23/god-vs-big-bang/

     
    • “with data and technology discovering this information about the creation of the universe, do you believe the beliefs of God’s creation of the world will soon be forgotten?”
      Why?
      The more scientists discover, the more amazing the Universe is, and the more incredible it is that everything came from nothing — as atheists would have us believe.

       
      • “that everything came from nothing — as atheists would have us believe.”
        Actually, Atheist don’t believe the Universe came from nothing, and we never have. We believe in what can be proven and thus far nothing in this article has been proven, there are just facts. Simply we don’t understand fully the laws and physics of our Universe. I don’t mean to start a religious debate (I am fairly young) but in my mind it it more ridiculous to believe that the universe was created from nothing by an eternal creator. (Sorry, but it does :c) I do believe that the Universe and God are pretty much the same word though. God is everything and everywhere, and the Universe is everything and everywhere. It’s pretty much the same thing right?
        Atheist hold no grudge against any religion and try to let people believe what they want to believe, it is only when our morals and beliefs are questioned/insulted we take to hardcore arguments. But really, what is the difference between all the matter in this Universe being bundled up for an eternity and a God being there for all of eternity? That doesn’t make sense to me, and I am very open-minded, which means I am not choosing to reject it. I’d legitimately like to hear an actual explanation for the philosophy and beliefs of someone with religion.

         
        • FOTM is not in the business of spending what limited time and energy we have to argue with you about your non-belief in God. For that, the Internet has countless websites, e.g., https://www.catholicbasictraining.com/apologetics/coursetexts/7h.htm. Surely you are not so lazy that you can’t do the footwork yourself.

           
          • I have done plenty of research, hence why I’m Atheist in the first place. Because the internet lacks the answers that I seek. I would love to have a nice calm conversation with someone to really find out about religion. I really would, not just with you, with any logical and intelligent human being. I just don’t get it. It makes no sense no matter what website I visit. And please do not assume that I am being lazy. I have just given up “Faith”.

             
            • Mr. A,
              Our mind and intellect can only take us so far in the quest for God. You will have to engage your heart and soul as well. But if you truly are searching, I believe He will answer your quest — in His own time. In the meantime, I will pray for you, that you be given the grace of faith.

               
            • Check out videos or articles on Our Lady of Guadalupe and the Shroud of Turin. You’ll find them very interesting.

               
            • I recommend astronomer Dr. Hugh Ross’ Reasons to Believe website:
              https://www.reasons.org/

               
            • Since the publication of the Cosmic Egg theory, there have been a couple of theories offered to replace it. The most famous was Sir Fred Hoyle’s “Steady State” theory – which was discredited by experimentation. Sir Fred’s attempt to eliminate the Cosmic Egg was inspired (no pun intended) by Sir Fred’s dedicated atheism and hatred for Christianity- by his own statement.
              The current ‘alternate’ theory is the Multi-Verse theory. The current form is there is a ‘bulk’ which generates our Universe and others. Other than being undetectable by our current standards, the main drawback to the theory is that in order to operate as theorized, the ‘bulk’ (or Megaverse) must be infinite, eternal and no subject to entropy.
              In fact, the only differences between the ‘bulk’ and what Christians recognize as God is the ‘bulk’ does not have a self-contained intellect (as far as anyone knows) and lacks a moral code (i.e., a prohibition on having sex with the neighbor’s wife.) This seems to appeal to atheists.
              With permission of Dr. Eowyn, please join me at my blog. OldManMontgomery.wordpress.com
              I’ll be happy to discuss this with you at length.

               
  4. Dr. Eowyn; I appreciate your report and observations.
    As a long time Christian, one of my greatest sorrows regarding my fellow Christians is they tend to limit God to what they can understand – or like – or have been taught by others.
    I have no doubt of God’s existence or His creation of the Universe (and any other Universes should they exist). The Genesis (1st & 2nd Chapters) account gives good reason to believe it was not meant to be taken literally. Nor are we as humans wise to attempt to compress God into our own ability to count time. The Creator and Redeemer God is never in a hurry. No one prompts Him to action.
    I would also encourage all fellow Christians to understand the book, The Annals of the World, by Bishop Ussher, is NOT part of the canon of the Bible; as such, it is not Holy Writ and should not be ‘added’.

     

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