No U.S. President had ever been as lied about by the media, plotted against by the FBI/CIA, unceasingly harassed by the opposition party — the Democrats — with baseless accusations and impeachment, with those working in the administration not just disobeying but outright countermanding his policies and decisions as President Donald John Trump.
Here’s the latest, stunning example.
The State Department is notoriously left-leaning and a part of the D.C. swamp.
Now that the Demonrats believe Joe Biden has won the presidential election, James “Jim” Jeffrey, the outgoing U.S. Ambassador to Syria, is admitting his team lied about the number of troops in Syria so as to thwart President Trump’s policy of ending the war in Syria by withdrawing all U.S. troops from Syria.
Trump’s announcement in December 2018 of withdrawing from Syria led to the resignation of then-Defense Secretary Jim Mattis and then-Ambassador to Syria Brett McGurk.
Why Jim Jeffrey was appointed ambassador defies understanding because he had signed the infamous “Never Trump” letter while Trump was a presidential candidate in 2016. Jeffrey also gives foreign policy advice to Joe Biden.
In an interview with Defense One, Jeffrey said: “We were always playing shell games to not make clear to our leadership how many troops we had” in northeast Syria. The actual number of troops is “a lot more than” the roughly two hundred troops Trump initially agreed to leave there in 2019.
In 2018 and again in October of 2019 when Trump repeated the withdrawal order, the president maintained that ISIS had been defeated. But each time, he was convinced to leave a residual force in Syria and so the war continued.
Jeffrey said: “What Syria withdrawal? There was never a Syria withdrawal. When the situation in northeast Syria had been fairly stable after we defeated ISIS, [Trump] was inclined to pull out. In each case, we then decided to come up with five better arguments for why we needed to stay. And we succeeded both times. That’s the story.”
Defense One reporter Katie Bo Williams concludes:
Officially, Trump last year agreed to keep several hundred U.S. troops — somewhere between 200 and 400, according to varying reports at the time — stationed in northeast Syria to “secure” oil fields held by the United States’ Kurdish allies in the fight against ISIS. It is generally accepted that the actual number is now higher than that — anonymous officials put the number at about 900 today — but the precise figure is classified and remains unknown even, it appears, to members of Trump’s administration keen to end the so-called “forever wars.”
Drudge Reporthas gone to the dark side. Check out Whatfinger News, the Internet’s conservative frontpage founded by a military veteran!
“The American hostage rescued in West Africa by SEAL Team 6 in a daring raid is part of President Trump’s exceptional accomplishments, Kayleigh McEnany said Saturday.
“It was a successful operation to rescue an American hostage. We are so glad to see it. Under this president, we’ve rescued 55 hostages in 24 countries,” McEnany told “Fox & Friends Weekend.”
The Trump 2020 campaign senior adviser pointed out the president has been doing more than just campaigning, noting that a few days ago, Trump met with U.S. Special Forces troops involved in last year’s raid to kill ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Bagdadi.
“In the waning days of a presidency before a massive reelection, you typically don’t get a lot done, but this president is the exception,” she said. “That’s the story of this presidency. We don’t stop. We go to 14 states, we rescue hostages, we secure Middle East peace, we do it in record time, and we do it three days before an election.”
Kyle Rittenhouse cleaning graffiti left by vandals
Only the fascist left domestic terrorist supporting democrat controlled propaganda fake news would stoop so low to attack a law abiding 17 year old American patriot. Instead of being truthful and saying Kyle Rittenhouse defended himself, they chose to blow smoke up everyone on this planet’s a$%’s.
“The teenager with the long gun scuffled with people near a car dealership and opened fire, allegedly killing two people and wounding a third, a criminal complaint says. Even as police and emergency vehicles raced to the scene and chaotic videos of the fatal encounter appeared on social media, the armed suspect walked past a group of officers unnoticed. He was arrested 30 miles awayin Antioch, Illinois.”
The defenders stopped the terrorist from burning down a gas station. They also stopped the terrorist from attacking the police with a flaming dumpster.
The terrorist next move was to set the car lot on fire where Rittenhouse was standing guard.
Video shows convicted felon sex offender terrorist Joseph Rosenbaum, 36, chasing Rittenhouse through the car lot. Rosenbaum can be seen throwing a molotov(claims eyewitness) at Rittenhouse. We hear a gunshot from unknown source .Rittonhouse turns and shoots seconds before Rosenbaum could grab him. Rosenbaum goes down and we hear more gunfire from unknown source again.
Rittonhouse goes over to where Rosenbaum is laying and offers help. He calls the police.
A person then decides to use his shirt instead of the first aid kit Rittenhouse was carrying. The same person tells Rittenhouse to go.away.
Rittenhouse starts making his way to the police line and a mob of domestic terrorist start chasing him. He trips an falls. While on the ground a unidentified terrorist runs up and kicks him in the head. While still on the ground, he gets hit in the head with a skateboard carried by convicted felon and domestic terrorist, 26 year old, Anthony Huber. Rittenhouse takes the skateboard hit and shoots Huber.
Then convicted felon and domestic terrorist, 26 year old
Gaige Grosskreutz, armed with a handgun goes after Rittenhouse. Grosskreutz raises his gun and Rittenhoust shoots him in the arm.
Rittenhouse makes his way to the police where he turns himself in.
Police let him go.
Currently charges have been filed on Rittenhouse which if convicted, could give him a life sentence.
Charges were filed before any sort of criminal investigation took place. At the time there wasn’t a crime scene investigation, no ballistic data, meaning they don’t know if Rittenhouse was the only shooter. Video clearly shows he shot in self defense.
Besides the fact that these were convicted felons attacking a minor, they were terrorist in the act of committing crimes. They had already helped burn and destroy other buildings in the city.
CNN and other fake news outlets are lying about what really happened.
So you can decide for yourself, I found as many videos of that night that I could find. I placed them in order creating a visual timeline of events. Keep in mind that these are the actual videos captured by reporters on the scene. I haven’t blurred anything out so you will be seeing shooting, blood and bodies. That’s your warning.
This is for educational purposes only.
Rittenhouse doesn’t look like the mass shooter that some media outlets describe him.
Really makes you wonder why they are lying.
The person that interviewed Rittenhouse was 10 feet away from Rosenbaum when he got shot. He also helped carry Rosenbaum to the car. He was also at the hospital with Rosenbaum. You would think that being a reporter he would have some video from the hospital. They covered every other part of the event. This is the reporter,
This is a short video of the day after.
Is Rittenhouse a Patriot or not? I going with Patriot.
I have to be honest. I feel like I just watched a poorly scripted reality show. But what do I know.
Photos and video captured by the following people:
If you, like Markle, wears weaves, extensions or wigs made from human hair, you should know that they may have come from political prisoners in China.
CBS News reports that on July 1, 2020, federal authorities in New York seized a shipment of beauty accessories, including 13 tons of weaves and other hair products suspected to be made out of human hair taken from people locked inside a Chinese internment camp.
Brenda Smith, executive assistant commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection ‘s Office of Trade, told the Associated Press that “The production of these goods constitutes a very serious human rights violation, and the detention order is intended to send a clear and direct message to all entities seeking to do business with the United States that illicit and inhumane practices will not be tolerated in U.S. supply chains.”
This is the second time this year that CBP has slapped one of its rare detention orders on shipments of hair weaves from China, based on suspicions that people making them face human rights abuses. The orders are used to hold shipping containers at the U.S. ports of entry until the agency can investigate claims of wrongdoing.
Rushan Abbas, a Uighur American activist whose sister, a medical doctor, went missing in China almost two years ago and is believed to be locked in a detention camp, said women who use hair weaves should think about who might be making them: “This is so heartbreaking for us. I want people to think about the slavery people are experiencing today. My sister is sitting somewhere being forced to make what, hair pieces?”
Wednesday’s shipment was made by Lop County Meixin Hair Product Co. Ltd., an exporter in China’s far west Xinjiang region, where, over the past four years, the Chinese Communist government has imprisoned an estimated 1 million or more Uighurs — ethnic Turkic minorities — in internment camps and prisons where they are physically abused, forced to engage in slave labor, and to denounce their Muslim religion and Turkic language. Beijing suspects the Uighurs of harboring separatist tendencies because of their distinct culture, language and religion.
Reports by the AP and other news organizations have repeatedly found that people inside the internment camps and prisons, which activists call “black factories,” are making sportswear and other apparel for popular U.S. brands.
The AP tried to visit Hetian Haolin Hair Accessories Co. more than a year ago during an investigation into forced labor inside the camps. But police ordered the driver taking AP journalists to turn back and warned that the cab’s coordinates were being tracked.
Before the cab turned back, the journalists did see the factory from the road. On top of the factory was a sign, “Haolin Hair Accessories,” in big red letters. The factory was ringed with barbed wire fencing and surveillance cameras, and the entrance was blocked by helmeted police. Former political prisoners in other parts of Xinjiang have described being shuttled to work in fenced, guarded compounds during the day and taken back to internment camps at night.
Congressman Chris Smith (R-NJ), who has taken a lead on anti-human trafficking legislation, said that allegations of forced labor are “not surprising” and that “It is likely that many slave labor products continue to surreptitiously make it into our stores.”
The Chinese Ministry of Affairs, of course, denies there is forced labor or that ethnic minorities are persecuted and imprisoned.
Although prohibited by the 1930 Tariff Act, it is extremely rare for the U.S. government to block imports produced by forced labor. In the past 90 years, the federal government has only enforced the law 54 times. The majority of bans, 75%, blocked goods from China.
On June 17, President Donald Trump signed the bipartisan Uyghur Human Rights Policy Act of 2020, condemning “gross human rights violations of specified ethnic Muslim minority groups in the Xinjiang region in China.”
Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer greatly from the elders, the chief priests, and the scribes, and be killed and on the third day be raised. Then Peter took Jesus aside and began to rebuke him, “God forbid, Lord! No such thing shall ever happen to you.” He turned and said to Peter, “Get behind me, Satan! You are an obstacle to me. You are thinking not as God does, but as human beings do.”
Then Jesus said to his disciples, “Whoever wishes to come after me must deny himself, take up his cross, and follow me. For whoever wishes to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for my sake will find it. What profit would there be for one to gain the whole world and forfeit his life? Or what can one give in exchange for his life? For the Son of Man will come with his angels in his Father’s glory, and then he will repay all according to his conduct.”
What a grim reading for today.
For the first time, Jesus predicts His impending persecution, terrible suffering, and death by execution. Then, He warns that being His follower is not a path of roses, but one of self-abnegation and suffering:
“Whoever wishes to come after me must deny himself, take up his cross, and follow me.”
Christians actually have had it good in America, compared to both the early Church and the many persecuted Christians across the world today, especially in the Middle East where Christianity is near extinction. See:
No matter what the future brings, we are to heed the words of St. Paul in his letter to the Ephesians 6:10-16:
Finally, draw your strength from the Lord and from his mighty power. Put on the armor of God so that you may be able to stand firm against the tactics of the devil. For our struggle is not with flesh and blood but with the principalities, with the powers, with the world rulers of this present darkness, with the evil spirits in the heavens. Therefore, put on the armor of God, that you may be able to resist on the evil day and, having done everything, to hold your ground. So stand fast with your loins girded in truth, clothed with righteousness as a breastplate, and your feet shod in readiness for the gospel of peace. In all circumstances, hold faith as a shield, to quench all the flaming arrows of the evil one.
In the meantime, we take strength and solace from our Lord’s words and promise:
“For whoever wishes to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for my sake will find it. What profit would there be for one to gain the whole world and forfeit his life? . . . For the Son of Man will come with his angels in his Father’s glory, and then he will repay all according to his conduct.”
May the peace and strength of Jesus Christ our Lord be with you,
Video footage the MSM fake news conveniently kept out of their “breaking news story” has surfaced of George Floyd resisting arrest for around three minutes .
Would this have stopped the riots? No. Fake news had made their minds up. They were going do their part at destroying the country. They were sticking to the plan.
*”One of the most obvious ways to tell I’f a event could be faked is paying attention to the news release. It’s a dead giveaway when you see all the networks releasing the same exact story, at the same time.”
This video just adds to the long list of events that fake news got caught at “faking news”.
There you have it. Floyd did indeed resist arrest. The entire fake news complex lied to you, again. They specifically said Floyd didn’t resist arrest.
This is just another example why I quit believing everything the news media puts out.. Some might think that’s a little extreme. No. It’s the only logical, smart solution. The days of me saying “they lie sometimes but usually they are pretty honest” were gone long ago. If you say you can tell the difference simply by using your best judgement, all you are really doing is selecting what you feel comfortable with. That does not make it true.
People saw the video. They saw Floyd die.. Somebody mentioned in the comment section in a prior post of mine. Something along the lines that “it’s going to take more than different time stamps to change my mind”.
Five simple points, out of many.
MSM lies all the time
“Floyd is dead because the video shows it.” Yes, the video looks like someone got killed or died of something. .. I get it, you’re convinced. Now go turn on your TV or watch your favorite movie on the internet. Why do you watch what you are watching? It’s because the character’s seem real. A block buster movie only becomes a hit if the movie is good. This requires the actors being skilled enough to convince you the roles the play are real.. Seeing is no longer believing. If you believe Floyd is dead because it was captured on video, then you have to believe everything in all movies/videos are true.
If we wanted to use a video deposition in court, most states require the date/time to be burned into the video at the time of recording. If the date is off/time is off, they cannot be used in court. All the videos times were different.. Floyd videos should not be legit evidence in court. *Time/ date can be faked in any video. Even when time of recording is hurned into video.
To convict, there cannot be a reasonable doubt. Time/date or anything else that’s seemd wrong with this event causes reasonable doubt. Innocent until proven guilty.
Reliability of source of video.
I use the MSM as leads. Then I investigate the story myself. But to each their own.
Fake ot not , some have come out ahead because of Floyd’s death.
Floyd family got millions in donations. Fame and fortune.
Black LIves Matter seemed to grow in numbers. They assaulted and killed police officers which continues at this very moment. They ignore black on black deaths., or any other death in the black community.. They’ve actually got people giving in to their demands.. Some are actually kneeling for them, because BLM expects it. . Yes, they have been successful proving racism and bigotry exist in America. BlM being perhaps the most openly racist group to ever exist in America..
Let’s not forget the 35 million and more BLM has received in donations.. Unfortunate for them, the people handling their money, the Minnesota Freedom Fund (MFF) has only spent $200,000 of the money on bail money for protesters. They haven’t said where the rest of the money went. MFF deleted the board members(which are almost all white) page on their site and they quit accepting donations. They already admitted on Twitter that ” the donations are turned over to ACTBLUE. ACTBLUE then give it to the democrats”. That’s because ACTBLUE is part of the Democrat party. Looks like the democrats hustled BLM. Watch, BLM will still support democrats. Ok
Democrats have shown how much they love their voter base by allowing out of town rioters to destroy their cities, their businesses, get assaulted, killed and have their whole lives destoyed.
Biden says Floyd is more important than MLK.
Science makes discovery that protesting will keep you safe from getting covid19 but attending church, working, etc, increases your chance to get the virus.
The first time in history that a transperson parent got to fight alongside their transchildren and transhgrandkids with their trans dog and trans bird. Take over American soil. They did this through violence and declared their own country. Perhaps the #1 country of starving people because the homeless stole all the food the firds day.
The first time a unknown rapper declares himself the police after removing the police because they didn’t want police there. He also declares himself to be leader of country by beating and who knows what. Proving the people with guns win. Tupac and biggie would be proud.
Floyd so influential and important that he gets minute by minute coverage the day he is buried. He gets second by second camera coverage from helicopter of his car as it travels to his resting grounds. The man is treated like a Saint, even though he was a hardened thug who died while being arrested for committing a crime that is a violation of federal law , which can carry a sentence of 20 years.
Police are getting replaced and now, just as I predicted, democrats are going after their weapons.
Muslims love the replacing the police with something like community police. Perfect because to Muslims, community police is religion police or the morality police. That gives them a chance to bring in Sharia law.
Minneapolis is home to the largest population of Somali in the USA. That means Muslim. You can be sure a Muslim controlled replacement for the police is ready to fill the spot.
I find it unusual that CUP FOODS is also the address of a Mosque. Yes, they have a Mosque in the basement. An “underground Mosque”. Now you know it’s true. They exist.
I mentioned earlier about the video source being reliable. There is some evidence that the owner(from Palestine)of Cup Foods might have had some animosity toward the police.
That area of town is a hotspot for crime. Cup Foods being a hotspot for drug trafficking.
The owners son is a convicted felon who has been to prison. The business has been in trouble with the law in the past. Both the owner and son have criminal records.
This document will explain the situation better than I.
CUP Foods, Inc., a Minnesota Corporation, and its President Samir Hamaden Abumayyaleh, Relators, vs. City of Minneapolis, Respondent. C2-01-399, Court of Appeals Published, September 11, 2001.
STATE OF MINNESOTA
IN COURT OF APPEALS
CUP Foods, Inc., a Minnesota Corporation, and its President Samir Hamaden Abumayyaleh,
City of Minneapolis,
Filed September 11, 2001
Affirmed in part, reversed in part, and remanded
G. Barry Anderson, Judge
City of Minneapolis
Docket No. 9-2110-12612-3
Ronald I. Meshbesher, Jonathan M. Peck, Meshbesher & Spence, Ltd., 1616 Park Avenue, Minneapolis, MN 55404 (for relators)
Jay M. Heffern, Minneapolis City Attorney, Scott Reeves, Assistant Minneapolis City Attorney, 300 Metropolitan Centre, 333 South Seventh Street, Minneapolis, MN 55402 (for respondent)
Considered and decided by G. Barry Anderson, Presiding Judge, R.A. Randall, Judge, and Robert H. Schumacher, Judge.
S Y L L A B U S
If an agency adopts the findings and conclusions of an administrative law judge, but rejects or significantly deviates from the recommendations of that judge and does not make findings explaining the deviation, the decision is arbitrary and capricious, and the case should be remanded for the agency to make findings explaining its decision to deviate.
O P I N I O N
G. BARRY ANDERSON, Judge
Respondent city stayed revocation of relator’s business licenses subject to store closure for six months and compliance thereafter with several conditions. Relator argues that respondent’s decision is not supported by substantial evidence and that the sanction was arbitrary and capricious. Relator also argues that the administrative law judge (ALJ) abused her discretion by denying his motion to strike testimony concerning controlled drug buys. We conclude that there is substantial evidence to support respondent city’s finding of good cause for adverse license action against relator. In addition, because relator did not make a timely motion to strike, we conclude that the ALJ acted within her discretion by denying the motion. But because respondent deviated from the ALJ’s recommendations when imposing its sanction, without making findings explaining the reasons for doing so, we reverse and remand.
In 1989, relator Samir Abumayyaleh opened a convenience store at the northeast corner of 38th Street and Chicago Avenue South in Minneapolis. The store sold groceries and the usual convenience items. Eventually, relator added numerous goods and services to the store, including a delicatessen, cellular phone and pager sales, tobacco products, and off-sale 3.2 beer.
Respondent City of Minneapolis issued CUP Foods (Chicago Unbeatable Prices) four licenses: (1) grocery store; (2) food manufacturer; (3) tobacco dealer; and (4) off-sale 3.2 beer vendor. Respondent first issued the licenses in 1989 and each is subject to annual renewal. Relator’s family, including his father and two younger brothers, work at the store, but relator also employs other workers. Relator’s younger brother Nabil, known as “Billy,” one of the store employees, has a prior felony conviction for auto theft.
CUP Foods is located in a high-crime area of Minneapolis and, not surprisingly, experienced problems with loitering and drug activity in and around the store. In 1991, relator complained to respondent about the loitering problem, and at a city crime specialist’s recommendation, relator placed two yellow “no trespassing” signs outside his store. Respondent conditioned relator’s licenses on reduced hours of operation. On several occasions, however, the store remained open after the designated closing time.
In 1993, after receiving additional complaints about loitering and drug activity near CUP Foods, respondent scheduled a committee meeting to consider adverse license action. As a result of the meeting, relator agreed to remove public pay phones, hire off-duty police officers for security, reduce hours of operation, hire older employees for evening shifts, report drug activity to police, and remove signs blocking store windows. Relator understood that failure to comply with the agreed-on conditions could result in revocation, suspension, or non-renewal of his licenses. Relator complied with the conditions, including the employment of off-duty police officers as security guards. But approximately one-year later, relator discontinued their employment because of the cost and because “things got a lot better at the intersection.”
As time went on, however, the crime problem at 38th and Chicago became worse. In 1996, neighborhood residents formed a task force to improve safety and reduce drug-dealing activity in the neighborhood. In 1998, the number of complaints concerning CUP Foods prompted police community crime specialists to open a file on the store. Crime-prevention specialists visited CUP Foods and relator signed a Minneapolis “no trespassing” affidavit and received two new “no trespassing” signs. The specialists advised relator to call 911 to report trouble, and he and his employees did so.
On July 13, 1998, a shooting took place near CUP Foods. Shortly thereafter, relator attended a task-force meeting and asked for a greater police presence at the intersection. A few months later, two more shootings took place near CUP Foods.
Beginning in October 1998, police conducted surveillance of CUP Foods. Police observed loitering and hand-to-hand exchanges outside the store and in the store entryway. Using confidential informants, police made several “controlled buys” of either crack cocaine or apparent crack cocaine inside CUP Foods.
Based on the results of the controlled buys, police obtained a search warrant for CUP Foods and executed that warrant on November 18, 1998. Police recovered: stolen cell phones; a bullet-proof vest; live ammunition; a stolen bicycle; ephedrine, an ingredient in methamphetamine; glass tubing; baggies of what appeared to be crack cocaine (but later proved to lack cocaine base); postal scales; and three firearms. Police also observed bullet holes in a door. The state charged Nabil Abumayyaleh with unlawful possession of a firearm, but later dismissed that charge. Police did not link any of the stolen items to relator, and did not charge him with any crime.
Police continued to make controlled buys in CUP Foods during 1999. On one occasion, the participants completed a transaction in plain view of Nabil Abumayyaleh as he worked as a cashier. On November 9, 1999, a Minneapolis police officer recovered crack cocaine from a CUP Foods shelf during the course of answering a call reporting an armed man in the area.
In November 1999, the Hennepin County Attorney’s Office commenced a nuisance-abatement proceeding against CUP Foods. That proceeding was stayed pending the city’s resolution of appellant’s licensing issues because, on November 19, 1999, respondent filed a notice of hearing concerning all CUP Foods licenses. Respondent filed amended notices on February 25, 2000, and again on March 27, 2000.
An ALJ conducted evidentiary hearings on March 28, 30, and 31, and on May 5 and 15, 2000. Respondent presented testimony from police and neighbors, and argued for revocation of relator’s licenses. Relator presented favorable testimony from neighbors and customers, testified to his own compliance with recommendations, and explained that he, too, sought to end the criminal activity near the intersection.
The ALJ concluded that respondent had shown good cause for taking adverse action against CUP Foods, but recommended that the city council consider placing conditions on CUP Foods licenses, rather than revoking the licenses outright. On December 29, 2000, the Minneapolis City Council adopted the ALJ’s report but, rather than placing conditions on relator’s business licenses, it revoked all the licenses, stayed on the conditions that CUP Foods (1) close for six months and (2) take additional specified crime-prevention measures upon re-opening. The council, however, waived 90 days of the closure period, upon relator’s payment of a $10,000 administrative fine. The mayor approved the decision on January 4, 2001. Relator now proceeds by writ of certiorari.
I.Was respondent city’s decision to stay revocation of relator’s business licenses, subject to conditions, a denial of due process, arbitrary and capricious, or unsupported by substantial evidence?
II. Did the ALJ violate relator’s right to due process of law by denying relator the opportunity to cross-examine confidential informants who made controlled buys at CUP Foods?
Appellant first argues that respondent city’s decision to revoke his business licenses is arbitrary and capricious, is unreasonable, is irrational, and not supported by substantial evidence, and that it violates his due-process rights because neither relator nor his employees had direct knowledge that drug activity took place inside CUP Foods.
Generally, decisions of administrative agencies, including cities, enjoy a presumption of correctness and will be reversed only when they reflect an error of law or where the findings are arbitrary, capricious, or unsupported by substantial evidence. Cable Communications Bd. v. Nor-West Cable Communications P’ship,356 N.W.2d 658, 668 (Minn. 1984); see alsoMinn. Stat. § 14.69 (2000) (setting forth the scope of judicial review).
Where the evidence is conflicting or more than one inference may be drawn from the evidence, findings must be upheld. City of Minneapolis v. Richardson,307 Minn. 80, 88, 239 N.W.2d 197, 202 (1976). If the agency engaged in reasoned decision-making, a reviewing court will affirm its decision even though the court may have reached another conclusion. State by Khalifa v. Hennepin County,420 N.W.2d 634, 639 (Minn. App. 1988), review denied (Minn. May 4, 1988).
A. Due Process
Relator argues that respondent’s decision denies him “due process of law.” To determine what process is due, this court first determines whether a property interest is implicated. Humenansky v. Minnesota Bd. of Med. Exam’rs,525 N.W.2d 559, 566 (Minn. App. 1994), review denied(Minn. Feb. 14, 1995). Relator correctly points out that he has a property interest in his business licenses. See Bird v. Dep’t of Pub. Safety,375 N.W.2d 36, 42 (Minn. App. 1985) (finding property interest in automobile dealer’s license). Our second inquiry requires weighing the particular interests involved. Humenansky,525 N.W.2d at 566.
Sufficient due process generally requires reasonable notice and a hearing. In re License of W. Side Pawn,587 N.W.2d 521, 522 (Minn. App. 1998), review denied (Minn. Mar. 30, 1999). Although relator argues that he was denied due process, he does not allege that he was denied either reasonable notice or an opportunity to be heard. The record shows relator received initial notice of the hearings approximately four months before the license proceedings, a five-day trial-type hearing, representation by counsel, an impartial decision-maker, and a decision based solely on the record. This is sufficient to satisfy the due-process requirement. See Humenansky,525 N.W.2d at 565 (describing the process due when property interests are implicated).
B. Substantial Evidence
Relator argues that respondent violated his due-process rights because revocation
extinguishes [relator’s] property interest and deprives [relator] from making a living without a factual finding that either [relator] or any of his employees permitted, encouraged, or had any direct knowledge of the alleged controlled buys.
In essence, relator alleges that respondent lacked substantial evidence of “good cause” to take adverse license action against relator’s business.
Substantial evidence, for the purpose of appellate review of an administrative agency’s decision, is: (1) such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion; (2) more than a scintilla of evidence; (3) more than some evidence; (4) more than any evidence; and (5) evidence considered in its entirety. In re Friedenson,574 N.W.2d 463, 467 (Minn. App. 1998) (citation omitted), review denied (Minn. Apr. 30, 1998). We defer to the agency’s fact-finding process and it is the challenger’s burden to establish that the findings are not supported by the evidence. In re Lakedale Tel. Co.,561 N.W.2d 550, 554 (Minn. App. 1997). Unless manifestly unjust, inferences must be accepted even though it may appear that contrary inferences would be better supported by the record. Id. Thus, relator must show that the evidence, considered in its entirety, and drawing inferences in favor of the decision, is not substantial, and, therefore, does not adequately support respondent’s finding that good cause existed to take adverse action against his business licenses.
The Minneapolis Code of Ordinances provides that “[a]ny license granted under this chapter may be revoked by the mayor or the city council as in the city charter provided.” Minneapolis, Minn., Code of Ordinances § 188.350 (1999). The city charter provides:
Section 16. Licenses May Be Revoked. Any license issued by the authority of the City Council may be revoked by the City Council at any time upon proper notice and hearing for good cause * * * .
Minneapolis, Minn., City Charter ch. 4, § 16.
The ALJ’s memorandum explained that relator’s employment of his brother Nabil Abumayyaleh, a convicted felon, and the handguns found during the search of CUP Foods, did not warrant taking adverse license action against relator because relator legally employed his brother and legally possessed the handguns for protection. Similarly, the ALJ found that, because respondent failed to link any of the stolen items recovered during execution of the 1998 search warrant to relator, that evidence alone did not support adverse license action. Further, the ALJ found that the three shootings near CUP Foods had no connection to the store and were simply a “by-product of the gang violence that is prevalent in this south Minneapolis neighborhood.”
But respondent, through the testimony of police officers and neighbors, presented evidence of: (1) chronic loitering at CUP Foods; (2) numerous hand-to-hand exchanges, an indication of drug dealing, taking place in and outside the store; and (3) controlled drug buys inside the store. Respondent also presented evidence that despite the earlier license conditions, the store’s windows remain obstructed by advertising, signs, and shelving, and that the lack of visibility inside the store hampers law-enforcement efforts.
For these reasons, the city council adopted the ALJ’s conclusion that
[respondent] has demonstrated by a preponderance of the evidence that drug dealing and loitering have occurred on a frequent basis on and near CUP Foods’ premises. * * * [Relator’s] failure or inability to prevent or meaningfully control the sale of drugs occurring inside his store constitutes good cause for taking adverse action against CUP Foods’ licenses. While [relator] testified that he routinely asks loiterers to leave, substantial credible testimony from neighborhood residents and police officers established that there is an ongoing pattern of loitering and drug dealing both inside the store and outside the store’s front entrance. And, despite some measures taken by [relator] to increase visibility in his store, the record established that the majority of the store’s windows remain obstructed by shelving, advertisements, and other signage. The inability to see into the store’s windows encourages loitering and criminal activity in general at CUP Foods.
Although there is no direct evidence that relator or his employees observed drug transactions, there is ample evidence, including the evidence of the controlled buys, that such transactions took place in and around CUP Foods and that relator knew that crime in and near the store was an ongoing problem. Although relator made efforts to improve security and reduce crime, he failed to decrease the height of store shelves or remove window advertisements, and, until very recently, relator had abandoned the use of security guards.
Drawing inferences in favor of respondent city’s decision, as we must, and viewing the record as a whole, we conclude that the evidence, though hardly overwhelming, is reasonable, “more than a scintilla,” “more than some,” and “more than any” evidence. The evidence, therefore, is substantial and supports the conclusion that respondent had “good cause” to take adverse license action against relator.
C. Arbitrary and capricious
Relator also argues that the adverse license action is arbitrary and capricious. Reviewing courts may reverse an agency’s decision if the decision is arbitrary or capricious. Minn. Stat. § 14.69(f) (2000). An agency decision is arbitrary and capricious if it is an exercise of the agency’s will, rather than its judgment, or if the decision is based on whim or is devoid of articulated reasons. Friedenson,574 N.W.2d at 467;Mammenga v. State Dept. of Human Servs.,442 N.W.2d 786, 789 (Minn. 1989). “Where there is room for two opinions on the matter, [an agency’s choice of one course of] action is not arbitrary and capricious * * * .” Friedenson,574 N.W.2d at 467 (citing Brown v. Wells,288 Minn. 468, 472, 181 N.W.2d 708, 711 (1970)).
The problems at CUP Foods illustrate the collision between two important principles of United States jurisprudence: the reasonable public safety expectations of citizens and the preservation of private property rights, which, in this case, take the form of business licenses.
A city council may affirm, reject, or modify an ALJ’s findings or conclusions. See Hymanson v. City of St. Paul,329 N.W.2d 324, 326-27 (Minn. 1983) (a city council may make new findings or decide contrary to the hearing examiner’s recommendations). Despite this authority, when an agency significantly deviates from a reviewing authority’s conclusions, it must explain the deviation. Beaty v. Minnesota Bd. of Teaching,354 N.W.2d 466, 472 (Minn. App. 1984). Failure to do so “evidences the agency’s desire to exercise its will and not its judgment.” Id.; see also Burnett v. Stearns County Welfare Bd.,370 N.W.2d 452, 455 (Minn. App. 1985) (holding county welfare board acted arbitrarily and capriciously by rejecting without comment merit system council recommendation to grant relator a merit increase). But see Friedenson,574 N.W.2d at 467-68 (holding revocation of relator’s medical license not arbitrary and capricious, even though board failed to explain its reasons for deviating from ALJ’s findings of fact and conclusions of law, because reviewing court was satisfied penalty was the product of “careful and prudent judgment”).
Respondent adopted the ALJ’s findings, as well as the conclusions supported by those findings. But respondent did not adopt the ALJ’s recommendations to place conditions on relator’s business licenses, and instead stayed revocation on the conditions that CUP Foods close for six months and, upon re-opening, comply with numerous crime-prevention measures. Respondent significantly deviated from the ALJ’s recommendations without explaining why the ALJ’s recommendations were rejected or making additional findings to support this disposition. At a minimum, a business owner with property rights in the form of government licenses is entitled to know the reasons for adverse action by the city council. We therefore hold that the absence of such findings renders the respondent city’s decision arbitrary and capricious, and we reverse and remand for additional proceedings and to permit respondent to make appropriate findings explaining its decision.
We caution respondent, however, that any additional findings or conclusions it may adopt on remand, to explain its reasons for significantly deviating from the ALJ’s recommendations, must be limited to the issues raised in the earlier proceedings. SeeInterstate Power Co. v. Nobles County Bd. of Comm’rs, 617 N.W.2d 566, 580 (Minn. 2000); Earthburners, Inc. v. County of Carlton, 513 N.W.2d 460, 463 (Minn. 1994) (reviewing board “must confine its inquiry to those issues raised in [the] earlier proceedings”); White Bear Rod & Gun Club v. City of Hugo, 388 N.W.2d 739, 742 (Minn. 1986) (city council not required to make formal findings but, at a minimum, must “‘have the reasons for its decision recorded or reduced to writing and in more than just a conclusory fashion’” (quotation omitted)).
Relator also argues that the ALJ abused her discretion by denying relator’s motion to strike testimony concerning the confidential informants who completed “controlled buys” inside CUP Foods, contending that by failing to strike that testimony the ALJ denied him his right to confront the informants. Evidentiary rulings in administrative proceedings are subject to an abuse-of-discretion standard. See Lee v. Lee,459 N.W.2d 365, 369 (Minn. App. 1990) (applying abuse-of-discretion standard to appeal of evidentiary ruling on hearsay evidence made during an administrative child-support hearing conducted under Minnesota Administrative Procedure Act rules), review denied(Minn. Oct. 18, 1990).
During the license hearings, respondent’s counsel questioned Sherry Appledorn, the police officer who arranged the controlled buys, about her conversations with the confidential informants. Relator’s counsel objected on hearsay grounds. The ALJ sustained the objection, but permitted the officer to testify concerning matters within her own knowledge. At the close of the hearings, relator moved to strike all testimony concerning the controlled buys on the basis that he was denied the right to confront the informants. The ALJ ruled that the request was untimely. Respondent argues that this court need not reach the issue of confrontation because relator’s motion to strike was untimely. We agree.
The rule that an objection to the admission of evidence must be made at the time the evidence is offered is well established. Eilola v. Oliver Iron Mining Co.,201 Minn. 77, 79, 275 N.W. 408, 409 (1937); see also Minn. R. Evid. 103(a)(1) (providing that there is no error unless an evidentiary ruling affects a substantial right of a party and a timely objection or motion to strike is made). Although relator objected to out-of-court statements made by the informants as hearsay, relator did not (1) bring any motion to compel respondent to disclose the informants’ identities, even though the initial notice of hearing indicated that the controlled buys would be part of respondent’s evidence, or (2) object to the admission of Appledorn’s testimony concerning her knowledge of the controlled buys until the close of the hearing in May 2000, more than one month after she testified. We therefore conclude that the ALJ acted within her discretion by denying relator’s motion to strike, and we decline to further address relator’s confrontation claims.
D E C I S I O N
Respondent’s conclusion that there is good cause to take adverse license action against relator is supported by substantial evidence. Respondent’s decision to deviate from the sanctions recommended by the ALJ, however, is arbitrary and capricious because the deviations are significant and respondent did not make findings explaining its decision to deviate. Finally, the ALJ did not abuse her discretion by denying relator’s motion to strike testimony concerning controlled drug buys because the motion was untimely.
Affirmed in part, reversed in part, and remanded.
Relator devotes more than three pages of his brief to a discussion of Saxon Coffee Shop, Inc. v. Boston Lic. Bd.,407 N.E.2d 311 (Mass. 1980). In Saxon,a license-revocation action, criminal activity inside a store and the non-cooperation of the store’s management did not meet the substantial-evidence test. Id at 319. We reject Saxon’sreasoning because City of Mankato v. Mahony,542 N.W.2d 689 (Minn. App. 1996), suggests that a city may take adverse-license action in response to criminal activity if the licensee does not cooperate to prevent future violations. Id. at 692 (reversing revocation of landlord’s license where landlord acted responsibly to prevent further violations of city noise codes).
Perhaps Floyd and the business was doing a drug deal. When Floyd was on the ground, leaning against Dragon Wok, an officer leaned over and picked something up off the ground and put it in his pocket. Maybe it was just a dime or something.
False Flag or not, the whole situation has the Democrats name written all over it. It’s only going to get worse until election day.
In his 2004 book, The God Gene: How Faith is Hardwired into our Genes, geneticist Dean Hamer proffered the hypothesis that a specific gene, vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2), predisposes humans towards religious, spiritual or mystic experiences.
Dean Hamer, who will be 69 on May 19, is a former independent researcher at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for 35 years, where he was the chief of Gene Structure and Regulation Section at the U.S. National Cancer Institute. He retired from the NIH in 2011.
There’s a video on YouTube that claims to have been taken at a presentation on April 13, 2005 before the Department of Defense (DOD) by a scientist who submitted a proposal to the DOD to develop a virus vaccine, dubbed FunVax, which could “cure” religious fundamentalists like Islamic extremists by inhibiting their VMAT2 God gene.
Here’s the FunVax presentation:
Here is my transcript of what the DOD speaker said:
“On the left over here we have individuals who are religious fundamentalists, religious fanatics, and this is the expression of R2PCR (?), expression of the VMAT2 gene. Over here we have individuals who were not particularly fundamentalist, not particularly religious, and you can see there’s a much reduced expression of this particular gene, the VMAT2 gene.
Another evidence that supports our hypothesis for the development of this approach…. [At this point, the speaker is interrupted by a man in the audience who mumbles something about Islamic extremists bombing in the market place.] So our hypothesis is that these are fanatical people, that they have over-expression of the VMAT2 gene, and that by vaccinating them against this, we’ll eliminate this behavior.
So we have some very, very remarkable data in this next slide. Here we have two brain scans, their FMRIs [functional magnetic resonance imaging]. These are two different individuals with two difference expressions of VMAT2. On top is the individuals who’s a religious fanatic, an individual that…has high levels of VMAT2. Now, this individual down here who had low levels of the VMAT2 gene, this individual who self-describes as not particularly religious. In each case, these [two] individuals were read a religious text.
[Referring to the top brain scan of the religious fanatic.] This individual lit up, the right frontal gyrus as shown here, that’s the part of the brain that’s associated with theory of mind. It’s the part of the brain that has to do with intents, beliefs and desires. In marked contrast [referring to the bottom scan of the non-religious person], here’s the individual who’s not particularly self-described as religious, and when they’re read a religious text, what you see is that this part of the brain called the anterior cingular cortex lights up. It’s the part of the brain that’s associated with disgust or displeasure on hearing something.
[Inaudible question from the audience.]
So the data I’m presenting here supports the concept that we’re proposing, and I think that we would not propose to do CT scans or FMRIs on individuals out in the hinterlands of Afghanistan.
[Referring to the vaccine] The virus would immunize against the VMAT2 gene, and that would have the effect which you see here, which is essentially to turn a fanatic into a normal person, and we think that would have major effects in the Middle East.
[A man in the audience mumbles something about how this could be done.]
So the present plan and the test[s] we’ve done so far have used respiratory viruses, such as flu or rhino viruses, and we believe that’s the best way to get exposure of the largest part of the population. Most of us, of course, have been exposed to those two viruses, and we’re quite confident that this will be a very successful approach.
[Question from the audience: “What’s the name of this appraoch?”]
So the name of this project is FunVax, which is the vaccine for religious fundamentalists. The proposal has just been submitted, and I think that the data I have shown you today would support the development of this project, and we think this has great promise.
Note that the FunVax video bears two stamps on the upper right:
The Pentagon is a five-story building composed of five rings, A through E, built around a center courtyard….
Room numbers can be interpreted as follows:
The first number or letter indicates the floor on which the room is located (B = Basement, M = Mezzanine, 1-5 = floors).
The next letter is the ring on which the room is located. The main rings of the building are designated A,B,C,D, and E.
The next digit(s) indicate the corridor on which the room is located. Corridors are designated 1-10.
The last two digits indicate the specific bay or room number assigned to an office.
For example, Room BE834 means that the location is in the basement, on the E ring, near the eighth corridor, room 834.
Accordingly, the stamp on the DOD FunVax video, “Loc: Pent Rm BC232,” means Room 232 in the Basement of the Pentagon, on the C ring, near the second (2) corridor.
Unnervingly, the bespectacled FunVax speaker both resembles and sounds like Mr. Vaccine himself, Bill Gates. To compare their voices, here’s a video of Bill Gates speaking at a TED conference in 2014 about a coming pandemic.
This is what Dan Haber of the God gene said about the possibility of FunVax (0:42 mark]:
“So if indeed spirituality is a series of chemical reaction in the brain, and if it can be enhanced by certain types of drug, then naturally it follows that it can be inhibited as well because for every activator there must be an inhibitor. And so I can easily imagine that under the right circumstances, the right stimuli or the right drugs, and the right inhibitors might have some effect on a person’s spirituality at least in the short run. Whether or not that would have a long-term effect or people would undergo homeostatis and alter is an open question. We really don’t know the answer to that.”
Note that the other man in the above video is said to be scientist who gave the presentation before the DOD in 2005. If so, then the FunVax scientist is not Bill Gates.
The video below claims that FunVax was field-tested in Iraq in 2009 and subsequently released in Iran, which led to the Iranian people’s (unsuccessful) protests against the theocratic regime in Tehran, as well as the Arab Spring populist movement that swept across the Middle East in the early 2010s.
But according to Mick West of Metabunk.org, the DOD FunVax video is fake because:
There is no such room in the Pentago as BC232: “There isn’t enough space in that part of the Pentagon for 32 rooms… let alone a conference room. http://www.hqda.army.mil/aoguide/pentagon_map.htm” (Note from Eowyn: The URL doesn’t work. I got the message: “This site can’t be reached. www.hqda.army.mil’s server IP address could not be found.)
“The audio doesn’t match up and the brain scans are not of 2 different people. They are scans from a single 43 yr old meth addict” taken from a study on drug addiction in 2010: https://n.neurology.org/content/75/18_Supplement_1/S67. “Exact same brain scans as the second one in the study.”
“The projectors in video is most likely Epson PowerLite 6110i with wire cover on the back, this model was released in 2008, but video claims to be filmed in 2005.”
“Also at 3:01 you may see focus breathing, which suggests that it was a contrast detect autofocus camera, this kind of tech wasn’t available in 2005, you often may see this kind of focusing issues on late 2000s dslrs (most likely it was filmed on 5d mark ii or something similar)”
If the FunVax video is real and assuming that the Pentagon approved the project, although the vaccine originally was intended for Islamic religious fanatics (“fundamentalists”), we must ask these questions:
Who decides what “religious fundamentalism” is and who “religious fundamentalists/fanatics” are?
What’s to prevent the vaccine from being deployed against devout Christians?
Never underestimate the human disposition to be stupid and evil.
Remember this Iranian man licking the Islamic shrine in Qom, Iran — a country that is a hotbed of the Wuhan virus, claiming he wanted to catch, and spread, COVID-19?
Here in the United States, people are encouraged by a new social media fad called the “coronavirus challenge” to lick toilet seats and other public surfaces in order to spread the virus.
As examples, on March 14, 2020, Ava Louise, a 21-year-old white woman who fancies herself a social media “influencer,” posted a video of herself licking the toilet seat on a plane, with the the caption “Please RT this so people can know how to properly be sanitary on the airplane.”
The man was later identified as 26-year-old Cody Pfister of Warrenton, Missiouri, who was arrested on terror charges. Court documents say Pfister “knowingly caused a false belief or fear that a condition involving danger to life existed” and accuse him of acting with “reckless disregard of the risk causing the evacuation, quarantine or closure of any portion”. (Metro)
On April 2, another video was posted to Twitter showing another young black male sipping from three different bottles of juice, then returning them to the supermarket shelf.
The BBC has reported that communities across the USA are releasing hundreds of felons from federal, state, county and city lockups due to the Chinese Covid-19 virus pandemic. In addition, judges are said to be working out plea bargaining deals for low-level offenders who have yet to be convicted of their alleged crimes. These alleged criminals will be released without serving time.
The newly released felons include drug dealers, thieves, muggers and so forth. It takes no stretch of the imagination to know these criminals will be able to take up where they left off—prowling the streets, mugging passersby, selling drugs, boosting cars, and invade the homes. One has to wonder just how much social distancing this bunch of losers are going to observe, model citizens that they are (sarc).
From the BBC 3/19/2020:
New York City is releasing “vulnerable” prisoners, the mayor said on Wednesday, days after Los Angeles and Cleveland freed hundreds of inmates.
Prison reform advocates say those in jail are at higher risk of catching and passing on Covid-19.
New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio said on Wednesday that city officials will this week identify individuals for release, including people who were arrested for minor crimes and those most vulnerable to infection due to underlying health problems.
His announcement came hours after a guard and a prisoner tested positive for coronavirus at Rikers Island prison, where disgraced former Hollywood producer Harvey Weinstein, 68, is a high-profile inmate. (Do you wonder if they also checked Weinstein’s cell mate for STD?) Weinstein will be moved to a different state prison, an official said on Wednesday.
Other New York prisons, such as Sing Sing, have had inmates test positive for corona virus and one employee for the state’s corrections department has died from it.
The Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department reduced its inmate population by 600 in the last two weeks, officials said on Tuesday.
“Our population within our jails is a vulnerable population just by who they are, where they are located, so we’re protecting that population from potential exposure,” Los Angeles Sheriff Alex Villanueva told reporters earlier this week.
The LA County jail system is the largest prison system in the world (and rightly so) with an average population of around 22,000 prisoners.
Mr. Villaneuva disclosed that arrests in the county are also down, from an average of 300 per weekend to only 60 in mid-March.
Cuyahoga County, Ohio, where the city of Cleveland is located, has also released hundreds of prisoners due to corona virus concerns.
Judges held emergency hearings through the weekend to work out plea deals and other agreements to allow prisoners to be released early or without serving time.
Several states from New York to California are now banning in-person visitors. A ban on visits led to a deadly prison riot in Italy last week.
Federal agencies will postpone most arrests and deportations during the corona virus crisis.
Prison-reform campaigners (aka bleeding heart liberals) say prisoners face unique risks, due to a lack of hygiene in overcrowded cells and hallways.
Handcuffed people cannot cover their mouths when they cough or sneeze, sinks often lack soap and hand sanitizer is considered contraband due to its alcohol content.
Iran has already released 85,000 people, including political prisoners, in an effort to combat the pandemic. (And yet, the faithful still literally lick the iron bars around their holy shrines one after another.)
The US locks up more of its citizens per capita than any other country, with an estimated 2.3 million people behind bars in federal, state and local prisons.
Some high profile convicts have argued for early release over corona virus fears.
They include President Trump’s former lawyer Michael Cohen, 53, financial fraudster Bernie Madoff, 81, and Gilberto Rodriguez-Orejuela, a notorious Colombian drug lord.
In the Iranian city of Qom, a Muslim cleric named Ayatollah Tabrizian denounced Western medicine and suggested alternative methods to combat the Wuhan virus-induced COVID-19 respiratory disease.
Along with combing your hair thoroughly, consuming copious amounts of brown sugar, burning wild rue, and inhaling snuff, Ayatollah Tabrizian suggested the novel technique of smearing violet leaf oil on one’s anus. He posted this on the social messaging service Telegram (source: The New Arab):
“Before bedtime, drench some cotton in violet oil and apply onto your anus”
In India, a Hindu group hosted a cow-urine drinking party on Saturday to ward off the Wuhan virus in the belief that cow pee has magical medicinal properties because Hindus consider cows to be sacred. (Daily Mail)
Meanwhile, in the United States, last Thursday afternoon (March 12) in a jam-packed Sam’s Club of panicked shoppers in metro Atlanta, Georgia, a fight broke out when a man in a motorized shopping cart bumped into the cart pushed by a man and woman.
Motorized-man and cart-man grabbed wine bottles and began hitting each other, which ended in one man being wheeled out of the store on a stretcher. (AJC)
I suggest you lower your volume before clicking on the video below.
On Saturday, March 14, in Oregon, the Newport Police Department asked the public not to call 9-1-1 because they ran out of toilet paper. Below is the Newport PD’s post on Facebook:
It’s hard to believe that we even have to post this. Do not call 9-1-1 just because you ran out of toilet paper. You will survive without our assistance.
In fact, history offers many other options for you in your time of need if you cannot find a roll of your favorite soft, ultra plush two-ply citrus scented tissue. Seamen used old rope and anchor lines soaked in salt water. Ancient Romans used a sea sponge on a stick, also soaked in salt water. We are a coastal town. We have an abundance of salt water available. Sea shells were also used. Mayans used corn cobs. Colonial Americans also used the core of the cob. Farmers not only used corn cobs, but used pages from the Farmers Almanac. Many Americans took advantage of the numerous pages torn from free catalogs such as Sears and Roebuck. The Sears Christmas catalog, four times thicker than the normal catalog, could get a family of three wiped clean from December through Valentine’s Day; or Saint Patrick’s Day if they were frugal. Then, of course, there are always alternatives to toilet paper. Grocery receipts, newspaper, cloth rags, lace, cotton balls, and that empty toilet paper roll sitting on the holder right now. Plus, there are a variety of leaves you can safely use. Mother Earth News magazine will even tell you how to make your own wipes using fifteen different leaves. When all else fails, you have magazine pages. Start saving those catalogs you get in the mail that you usually toss into the recycle bin.
Be resourceful. Be patient. There is a TP shortage. This too shall pass. Just don’t call 9-1-1. We cannot bring you toilet paper.
Meanwhile, back in Iran, the epicenter of the pandemic in the Middle East, yesterday the government reported 113 new Wuhan coronavirus deaths, the country’s biggest single-day jump in fatalities since the outbreak began, bringing the death toll to 724, and confirmed COVID-19 cases to nearly 14,000. There are reasons to suspect the actual number of infections in Iran is much higher.
But as countries across Europe, the latest being Germany, close their borders to contain the Wuhan virus, President Hassan Rouhani of Iran ruled out a general quarantine and said the government was working to keep open the country’s borders. (Fox News)
Drudge Reporthas gone to the dark side. Check out Whatfinger News, the Internet’s conservative frontpage founded by a military veteran!