Category Archives: Bible

Hallowed Be Thy Name: Part 4 – YAHWEH

“I AM (YHWH) has sent me to you.”

He leads me in the paths of righteousness for His Name’s sake. So how much do we know about His Name? 

This fourth post is about the next Old Testament name of God:

#4 – YAHWEH

Lord, Jehovah 

Use in the Bible: In the Old Testament Yahweh occurs 6,519 times. This name is used more than any other name of God. Yahweh is first used in Gen 2:4:

“This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created, when the LORD God (YAHWEH) made the earth and the heavens.”

Meaning and Derivation: Yahweh is the promised name of God. This name of God which (by Jewish tradition) is too holy to voice, is actually spelled “YHWH” without vowels. YHWH is referred to as the Tetragrammaton (which simply means “the four letters”). YHWH comes from the Hebrew letters: Yud, Hay, Vav, Hay. While YHWH is first used in Genesis 2, God did not reveal Himself as YHWH until Exodus 3. The modern spelling as “Yahweh” includes vowels to assist in pronunciation. Many pronounce YHWH as “Yahweh” or “Jehovah.” We no longer know for certain the exact pronunciation. During the third century A.D., the Jewish people stopped saying this name in fear of contravening the commandment “Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain” (Exd 20:7). As a result of this, Adonai is occasionally a substitute for YHWH. The following compound names which start with “YHWH” have been shown using “Jehovah.” This is due to the common usage of “Jehovah” in the English of these compound names in the early English translations of the Bible (e.g., the Geneva Bible, the King James Version, etc.).

“Let them know that you, whose name is the LORD (YHWH) — that you alone are the Most High over all the earth.” – Psalm 83:18

God said to Moses, ‘I AM WHO I AM. This is what you are to say to the Israelites: “I AM (YHWH) has sent me to you.”‘ – Exodus 3:14

Our Father who art in Heaven,
hallowed be thy Name (YHWH)


The descriptive covenant names of God in this series:

  1. El Shaddai (Lord God Almighty)
  2. El Elyon (The Most High God)
  3. Adonai (Lord, Master)
  4. Yahweh (Lord, Jehovah)
  5. Jehovah Nissi (The Lord My Banner)
  6. Jehovah-Raah (The Lord My Shepherd)
  7. Jehovah Rapha (The Lord That Heals)
  8. Jehovah Shammah (The Lord Is There)
  9. Jehovah Tsidkenu (The Lord Our Righteousness)
  10. Jehovah Mekoddishkem (The Lord Who Sanctifies You)
  11. El Olam (The Everlasting God)
  12. Elohim (God)
  13. Qanna (Jealous)
  14. Jehovah Jireh (The Lord Will Provide)
  15. Jehovah Shalom (The Lord Is Peace)
  16. Jehovah Sabaoth (The Lord of Hosts)

Taken from the Blue Letter Bible:  https://www.blueletterbible.org/study/misc/name_god.cfm

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Hallowed Be Thy Name: Part 3 – Adonai

Baruch haba b'Shem Adonai. (Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord)

Baruch haba b’Shem Adonai. (Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord)

He leads me in the paths of righteousness for His Name’s sake. So how much do we know about His Name? 

This third post is about the next Old Testament name of God:

#3 – Adonai

Lord, Master

Use in the Bible: In the Old Testament Adonai occurs 434 times. There are heavy uses of Adonai in Isaiah (e.g., Adonai Jehovah). It occurs 200 times in Ezekiel alone and appears 11 times in Daniel Chapter 9. Adonai is first used in Gen 15:2…

“But Abram said, “Sovereign LORD (Adonai), what can you give me since I remain childless and the one who will inherit my estate is Eliezer of Damascus?”

Meaning and Derivation: Adonai is the verbal parallel to Yahweh and Jehovah. Adonai is plural; the singular is adon. In reference to God the plural Adonai is used. When the singular adon is used, it usually refers to a human lord. Adon is used 215 times to refer to men. Occasionally in Scripture and predominantly in the Psalms, the singular adon is used to refer to God as well (cf. Exd 34:23). To avoid contravening the commandment “Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain” (Exd 20:7), sometimes Adonai was used as a substitute for Yahweh (YHWH). Adonai can be translated literally as, “my lords’ ” (both plural and possessive).

NOTE: What might the plural intent of Adonai imply
to us about the Holy Trinity? ~ TD

Baruch haba b’Shem Adonai. (Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord)

Our Father who art in Heaven,
hallowed be thy Name (Adonai)


The descriptive covenant names of God in this series:

  1. El Shaddai (Lord God Almighty)
  2. El Elyon (The Most High God)
  3. Adonai (Lord, Master)
  4. Yahweh (Lord, Jehovah)
  5. Jehovah Nissi (The Lord My Banner)
  6. Jehovah-Raah (The Lord My Shepherd)
  7. Jehovah Rapha (The Lord That Heals)
  8. Jehovah Shammah (The Lord Is There)
  9. Jehovah Tsidkenu (The Lord Our Righteousness)
  10. Jehovah Mekoddishkem (The Lord Who Sanctifies You)
  11. El Olam (The Everlasting God)
  12. Elohim (God)
  13. Qanna (Jealous)
  14. Jehovah Jireh (The Lord Will Provide)
  15. Jehovah Shalom (The Lord Is Peace)
  16. Jehovah Sabaoth (The Lord of Hosts)

Taken from the Blue Letter Bible:  https://www.blueletterbible.org/study/misc/name_god.cfm

Hallowed Be Thy Name: Part 2 – El Elyon

George Washington praying at Valley Forge

He leads me in the paths of righteousness for His Name’s sake. So how much do we know about His Name? 

This second post is about the next Old Testament name of God:

#2 – El Elyon

The Most High God

Use in the Bible: In the Old Testament El Elyon occurs 28 times. It occurs 19 times in Psalms. El Elyon is first used in Gen 14:18:

“Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was priest of God Most High(El Elyon)”

Meaning and Derivation: El Elyon expresses the extreme sovereignty and majesty of God and His highest preeminence. This name can be translated as “the most exalted God.”(Psa 57:2):

“I cry out to God Most High, to God,
who vindicates me.”

Our Father who art in Heaven,
hallowed be thy Name (El Elyon)


The descriptive covenant names of God in this series:

  1. El Shaddai (Lord God Almighty)
  2. El Elyon (The Most High God)
  3. Adonai (Lord, Master)
  4. Yahweh (Lord, Jehovah)
  5. Jehovah Nissi (The Lord My Banner)
  6. Jehovah-Raah (The Lord My Shepherd)
  7. Jehovah Rapha (The Lord That Heals)
  8. Jehovah Shammah (The Lord Is There)
  9. Jehovah Tsidkenu (The Lord Our Righteousness)
  10. Jehovah Mekoddishkem (The Lord Who Sanctifies You)
  11. El Olam (The Everlasting God)
  12. Elohim (God)
  13. Qanna (Jealous)
  14. Jehovah Jireh (The Lord Will Provide)
  15. Jehovah Shalom (The Lord Is Peace)
  16. Jehovah Sabaoth (The Lord of Hosts)

Taken from the Blue Letter Bible:  https://www.blueletterbible.org/study/misc/name_god.cfm

Hallowed Be Thy Name: Part 1 – El Shaddai

In recent days, seeking to pray more effectively, I have been asking the Lord to teach me His Name

Think of what is attached to the Name. In the 10 Commandments, we are commanded to never take His Name lightly. In Pslam 91:14 we read, “I will protect him for he acknowledges (or has known) My Name.

#1 – El Shaddai

All-Sufficient One, Lord God Almighty

Use in the Bible: In the Old Testament El Shaddai occurs 7 times. El Shaddai is first used in Gen 17:1.

Meaning and Derivation: El is another name that is translated as “God” and can be used in conjunction with other words to designate various aspects of God’s character. Another word much like Shaddai, and from which many believe it derived, is shad meaning “breast” in Hebrew (some other scholars believe that the name is derived from an Akkadian word Šadu, meaning “mountain,” suggesting strength and power). This refers to God completely nourishing, satisfying, and supplying His people with all their needs as a mother would her child. Connected with the word for God, El, this denotes a God who freely gives nourishment and blessing, He is our sustainer. 

Our Father who art in Heaven,
hallowed be thy Name (El Shaddai)


The descriptive covenant names of God in this series:

  1. El Shaddai (Lord God Almighty)
  2. El Elyon (The Most High God)
  3. Adonai (Lord, Master)
  4. Yahweh (Lord, Jehovah)
  5. Jehovah Nissi (The Lord My Banner)
  6. Jehovah-Raah (The Lord My Shepherd)
  7. Jehovah Rapha (The Lord That Heals)
  8. Jehovah Shammah (The Lord Is There)
  9. Jehovah Tsidkenu (The Lord Our Righteousness)
  10. Jehovah Mekoddishkem (The Lord Who Sanctifies You)
  11. El Olam (The Everlasting God)
  12. Elohim (God)
  13. Qanna (Jealous)
  14. Jehovah Jireh (The Lord Will Provide)
  15. Jehovah Shalom (The Lord Is Peace)
  16. Jehovah Sabaoth (The Lord of Hosts)

Taken from the Blue Letter Bible:  https://www.blueletterbible.org/study/misc/name_god.cfm

Sunday Devotional: The wedding feast invitation

Matthew 22:1-10

Jesus again in reply
spoke to the chief priests and elders of the people
in parables, saying,
“The kingdom of heaven may be likened to a king
who gave a wedding feast for his son.
He dispatched his servants
to summon the invited guests to the feast,
but they refused to come.
A second time he sent other servants, saying,
‘Tell those invited:
“Behold, I have prepared my banquet,
my calves and fattened cattle are killed,
and everything is ready; come to the feast.”‘
Some ignored the invitation and went away,
one to his farm, another to his business.
The rest laid hold of his servants,
mistreated them, and killed them.
The king was enraged and sent his troops,
destroyed those murderers, and burned their city.
Then he said to his servants, ‘The feast is ready,
but those who were invited were not worthy to come.
Go out, therefore, into the main roads
and invite to the feast whomever you find.’
The servants went out into the streets
and gathered all they found, bad and good alike,
and the hall was filled with guests.”

Today’s reading continues the theme of last Sunday — of God’s warning to the people of Israel that if they reject His Son, God would make a new covenant with other peoples, i.e., Gentiles. As Matthew 21:43  puts it:

“Therefore, I say to you,
the kingdom of God will be taken away from you
and given to a people that will produce its fruit.”

And, “In speaking of a new covenant, He makes the first one obsolete.”  Hebrews 8:13) For “God shows no partiality. Rather, in every nation whoever fears him and acts uprightly is acceptable to him.” (Acts 10:35)

Jesus again and again warned “the chief priests and elders of the [Jewish] people” of the dire consequences of rejecting Him, to the end of torturing and killing Him. But they refused to heed His warnings.

How their spurning of Him must hurt . . . .

And the last warning to the Jews — that they can’t worship Yahweh by separating the Son from the Father, and that the Father would not tolerate the rejection of His only Son:

“Whoever hates me also hates my Father.” –John 15:23

And to think Pope Francis actually concealed the cross by stuffing it into his fascia or waist sash, so as not to offend Jews:

Pope Francis hides the Crucifix meeting Israeli rabbis

As with the Jewish élites, God also warns us when we go astray.

Not once, but again and again.

We just have to listen — to that still small voice we call our “conscience” . . . .

May the peace and love of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you,

~Eowyn

#LoveTrumpsHate: Homosexual coffee shop owner shouts obscenities at pro-life group, kicks them out

Video NSFW.

From Breitbart (by Katherine Rodgriguez): A gay coffee shop owner in Seattle kicked a Christian pro-life group out of his coffee shop because he felt offended by their presence, according to video footage of the incident.

The Washington Times reports that the group, called Abolish Human Abortion, decided to order drinks at Seattle’s Bedlam Coffee after passing out pro-life pamphlets in the area when the owner angrily asked the group to leave.

“I’m gay. You have to leave,” owner Ben Borgman said in the Facebook video.

“Are you denying us service?” activist Caytie Davis asked. “I am. Yeah,” Borgman replied.

The group had been handing out pamphlets about the Bible, sin, and abortion to Seattle residents and one of the baristas let Borgman know what he was doing, according to the Blaze.

Borgman did not take the news well, and further confronted the group. “This is offensive to me. I own the place. I have the right to be offended,” he said.

The group tried to explain to him that they did not leave any pamphlets in the cafe, but Borgman continued to berate the group. “There’s nothing you can say. This is you and I don’t want these people in this place,” he said.

Borgman then asked activist Jonathan Sutherland whether he would “tolerate” a sex act between two men.

“Can you tolerate my presence? Really?” the owner asked. “If I go get my boyfriend and fk him in the a right here you’re going to tolerate that? Are you going to tolerate it?”

“That would be your choice,” Sutherland replied.

“Answer my fing question!” Borgman yelled back. “No, you’re going to sit right here and fing watch it! Leave, all of you! Tell all your f**king friends don’t come here!”

As the group prepared to leave, one of the women in the group told Borgman, “Just know that Christ can save you from that lifestyle.”

“Yeah, I like a,” the owner spat. “I’m not going to be saved by anything. I’d fk Christ in the a**. Okay? He’s hot.”

Another woman then told him that she would pray for him.

The group’s Facebook video has gone viral, racking up 447,000 views and nearly 3,000 shares.

DCG

Sunday Devotional: How is your vineyard?

They were warned by the prophet Isaiah.

Isaiah 5:1-2, 4-7

My friend had a vineyard
on a fertile hillside;
he spaded it, cleared it of stones,
and planted the choicest vines;
within it he built a watchtower,
and hewed out a wine press.
Then he looked for the crop of grapes,
but what it yielded was wild grapes.
What more was there to do for my vineyard
that I had not done?
Why, when I looked for the crop of grapes,
did it bring forth wild grapes?
Now, I will let you know
what I mean to do with my vineyard:
take away its hedge, give it to grazing,
break through its wall, let it be trampled!
Yes, I will make it a ruin:
it shall not be pruned or hoed,
but overgrown with thorns and briers;
I will command the clouds
not to send rain upon it.
The vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel,
and the people of Judah are his cherished plant;
he looked for judgment, but see, bloodshed!
for justice, but hark, the outcry!

But they did not heed Isaiah’s warning.

Nor did they heed a last warning, from the Son of God Himself.

Matthew 21:33-43

Jesus said to the chief priests and the elders of the people:
“Hear another parable.
There was a landowner who planted a vineyard,
put a hedge around it, dug a wine press in it, and built a tower.
Then he leased it to tenants and went on a journey.
When vintage time drew near,
he sent his servants to the tenants to obtain his produce.
But the tenants seized the servants and one they beat,
another they killed, and a third they stoned.
Again he sent other servants, more numerous than the first ones,
but they treated them in the same way.
Finally, he sent his son to them, thinking,
‘They will respect my son.’
But when the tenants saw the son, they said to one another,
‘This is the heir.
Come, let us kill him and acquire his inheritance.’
They seized him, threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him.
What will the owner of the vineyard do to those tenants when he comes?”
They answered him,
“He will put those wretched men to a wretched death
and lease his vineyard to other tenants
who will give him the produce at the proper times.”
Jesus said to them, “Did you never read in the Scriptures:
The stone that the builders rejected
has become the cornerstone;
by the Lord has this been done,
and it is wonderful in our eyes?

Therefore, I say to you,
the kingdom of God will be taken away from you
and given to a people that will produce its fruit.

And so, God’s covenant passed from the Jews to the Gentiles.

Luke 22:19-20

Then He took a loaf of bread,
and when He had given thanks,
He broke it and gave it to them, saying,
“This is my body, which is given for you.
Do this in remembrance of me.”
And He did the same with the cup after supper saying,
“This cup that is poured out for you
is the new covenant in my Blood,
which will be shed for you.

And, “In speaking of a new covenant, He makes the first one obsolete.” (Hebrews 8:13)

For “God shows no partiality. Rather, in every nation whoever fears him and acts uprightly is acceptable to him.” (Acts 10:35)

But we followers of Christ, with whom a new Covenant is made, are also forewarned. If we, singly or as a people, neglect and abuse the “vineyard” given to us by God, we also will be trampled on and abandoned.

A sobering thought . . . .

What to do?

St. Paul has the answer (Philippians 4:8, 7). We are to fix our eyes, minds and hearts on:

whatever is true, whatever is honorable,
whatever is just, whatever is pure . . . .
Then the peace of God that surpasses all understanding
will guard your hearts and minds in Christ Jesus.

May the peace of Jesus Christ our Lord be with you,

~Eowyn