Category Archives: Education

Weather Underground bomber unmasked — as city schoolteacher

The Weather Underground's work...

The Weather Underground’s work…

NY Post: The “bomb guru” for the terrorist group the Weather Underground never served a day in jail — but he did spend decades teaching in New York City classrooms, a new book reveals.

Ronald Fliegelman built explosives for the Weather Underground, a far-left group that launched a domestic bombing campaign in the 1960s and ’70s, including one explosion inside NYPD headquarters.

Bomb builder and school teacher Fliegelman

Bomb builder and school teacher Fliegelman

But when the group dissolved, Fliegelman managed to safely fade away into the square life. For 25 years, he worked as a public special-education teacher, retiring to a quiet life in Park Slope, Brooklyn, according to “Days of Rage: America’s Radical Underground, the FBI, and the Forgotten Age of Revolutionary Violence” (Penguin Press).

And he’s unapologetic about his past, according to author Bryan Burrough. “Ron is proud of what he did,” he told The Post.

The Weather Underground first organized in 1969 as a splinter of the Revolutionary Youth Movement within the ’60s protest group Students for a Democratic Society. Their members were mostly white and middle class, advocating the complete overthrow of the US government.

Obama buddy Bill Ayers

Obama buddy Bill Ayers

Under the leadership of co-founder Bill Ayers — who went on to become a University of Illinois professor whose political relationship with then-candidate Barack Obama was scrutinized during the 2008 presidential campaign — the group also pushed for a sexual revolution. Their slogan? “Smash monogamy.”

To achieve their goals, the militant group — popularly known as the Weathermen, derived from the Bob Dylan lyric, “You don’t need a weatherman to know which way the wind blows” — embarked on a years-long bombing campaign, targeting places it considered pillars of US imperialism, capitalism, racism and anything contrary to their “ism” of choice: communism.

To protest the US invasion of Laos, for example, they bombed the Capitol Building in 1971. That same year, they targeted the headquarters of the state Department of Corrections in Albany for the deaths of 29 inmates during the Attica prison riot. They even busted LSD guru Dr. Timothy Leary out of a California jail and helped smuggle him to Algeria in 1970 — the same year they issued a “Declaration of a State of War” against the United States.

“We believed Third World countries would rise up and cause crises that would bring down the industrialized West, and we believed it was going to happen tomorrow, or maybe the day after tomorrow,” a former Weatherman tells Burrough.

“The myth, and this is always Bill Ayers’ line, is that Weather never set out to kill people, and it’s not true — we did,” group member Howie Machtinger tells Burrough. “You know, policemen were fair game.”

Despite the tough talk, the group was already in crisis not long after its formation. On March 6, 1970, a bomb exploded prematurely inside a town house at 18 W. 11th St. in Greenwich Village. Three Weathermen were killed — the two building the bomb, Terry Robbins and Diana Oughton, and another, Ted Gold, who was entering the building.

If the Weathermen were going to wage a war, they needed to do so without killing their own members, Burrough notes. “No one knew what to do. I gave a thought to giving up, and I had a gun pulled on me and was told I was not leaving,” recalls Fliegelman.

The son of a Philadelphia doctor, Fliegelman got his start with Students for a Democratic Society, where he gained a reputation for being a technically proficient workaholic, once manually printing hundreds of leaflets when the mechanical printer broke down. “Fliegelman was the one person who knew how to strip down and reassemble guns, motorcycles and radios, who knew how to weld, who could fix almost anything,” writes Burrough.

fliegelman2

“Everyone was afraid of the stuff, for good reason,” Fliegelman says. “What we were dealing with was a group of intellectuals who didn’t know how to do anything with their hands. I did. I wasn’t afraid of it, I knew it could be handled.”

After the Village town-house explosion, Weather Underground founding member Jeff Jones summoned Fliegelman to a meeting in Central Park. “You either know how to build something or you don’t,” Fliegelman says. “[Jones] said, ‘Well, what do we do?’ And I said, ‘This can never happen again. I’ll take care of it.’ And I did.”

From that day on, Fliegelman spent hundreds of hours studying explosives. “When you’re young and you’re confident, you can do anything. So, yeah, you play with it, and try to build something. The timer is the whole thing, right? It’s just electricity going into the blasting cap,” he says.

“Eventually, I came up with a thing where I inserted a lightbulb, and when the bulb lit, the circuit was complete, and we were able to test things that way. If the light came on, it worked. The rest of it is simple.”

Members recognized his contribution. One member described him as possessing “a Santa Claus twinkle in his eye that inspired confidence.” “Without him,” former Weatherman Brian Flanagan tells Burrough, “there would be no Weather Underground.” From then on, Fliegelman says, he built most of the group’s bombs, even jetting off to the San Francisco Bay Area to help members there. “Maybe they did two or three things without me,” he tells Burrough. “But I doubt it.”

Weather Underground also bombed the Pentagon

Weather Underground also bombed the Pentagon

His first attack, in 1970, was the most nerve-racking. And why not? They were going inside NYPD headquarters. “That first one was the scariest,” Fliegelman recalls. “Going into a public building, there was security, and you had to get past it. We had people who did the casings. We needed people who wouldn’t be noticed, so they went in dressed like lawyers. Still, I was scared. Very scared. We knew if we did this, they would come after us.”

But things went smoothly. “It wasn’t like they had metal detectors back then. There was just a guy at the desk, and we walked right past him,” Fliegelman tells Burrough.

The bomb — created in an apartment on quaint Amity Street in Cobble Hill, Brooklyn — had a simple design: 15 sticks of dynamite attached to a Westclox alarm clock bought at a RadioShack. The device, hidden in a hollowed-out law book, was placed above a ceiling tile in a second-floor bathroom at the Centre Street building, about 125 feet from Commissioner Howard Leary’s office.

At 6:40 p.m. on June 9, a warning was called in, and 17 minutes later, the bomb exploded, destroying two walls and blasting a 20-by-40-foot hole in the floor.

Mayor John Lindsay promised a “relentless” investigation, but that didn’t slow down Fliegelman, who built the bomb that blasted a toilet in the Corrections offices in Albany, Burrough writes.

“Tonight we attacked the head offices of the New York State Department of Corrections,” the group boasted afterwards. “We must continue to make the Rockefellers, Oswalds, Reagans and Nixons pay for their crimes. We only wish we could do more to show the courageous prisoners at Attica, San Quentin and the other 20th-century slave ships that they are not alone in their fight for the right to live.”

Fliegelman’s memory gets hazy when asked about the Capitol bombing of 1971. He says he “believes” he built the device placed in the first-floor men’s room near the Senate, which caused about $300,000 in damage, according to Burrough. And he says he can’t remember whether he built the bomb that went off in a fourth-floor rest room at the Pentagon in 1972 in retaliation for US raids in Hanoi.

Burrough says Ayers, in his memoir, “Fugitive Days,” refers to Fliegelman’s involvement in the Pentagon caper, calling him by the pseudonym “Aaron.”

“Aaron was the backbone of the group — entirely committed and trustworthy, hardworking and dependable . . . A guy we all believed could easily survive in the Australian Outback or the Siberian wilderness for weeks with nothing but a pocket knife . . . The model middle cadre,” Ayers writes.

The group began to dissolve after a peace accord was signed to end the Vietnam War in 1973, and four years later, it was defunct. By then, Fliegelman was living with fellow Weatherman Cathy Wilkerson, a bomb-maker in her own right.

The two had a daughter and split up. Fliegelman, meanwhile, simply returned to his parents’ home in Philadelphia, working at a school for troubled children, abandoning his bomb-making ways as easily as a snake sheds its skin. “For me, it was really seamless,” he tells Burrough. “No one — the FBI, no one — ever came looking for me.”

Fliegelman was among 13 Weathermen indicted on charges of conspiring to commit bombings and assassinations, but the indictment was dropped in 1973 by the Justice Department in the wake of a Supreme Court decision that barred the use of electronic surveillance without a court order. Fliegelman was underground at the time and never arrested, Burrough notes.

There’s a five-year statute of limitations on most federal crimes except for murder, so by the time he began working for the city in 1983, Fliegelman didn’t have to look over his shoulder.

He started as a special-education teacher at PS 54 in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, and later taught at PS 305, also in Bed-Stuy, according to the Department of Education. He retired in 2006. Now 70 years old, Fliegelman collected $40,035 in pension last year, according to public records.

His life now appears to have taken on all the trappings of the leisure class. On Thursday, he was seen walking a small white dog in idyllic Park Slope before climbing into a Subaru Forester SUV.

Approached by The Post, Fliegelman, who wears a neat ponytail, said: “What happened 40 years ago is different from what’s going on today. War was a big thing. It was on TV every night. You don’t know that with the Iraqi war, the Afghanistan war. There was the draft, as well.”

Asked whether he considered himself a terrorist, he said: “Did you ever notice how many people were hurt by our bombs? People were not hurt by our bombs.”

DCG

Project Veritas uncovers a rat at Cornell

idiot_at_cornell

Just when I thought I had seen everything
James O’Keefe proves me wrong

Joseph Scaffido, Assistant Dean of Students at Cornell is seen opening the door to have ISIS training camps on their campus in upstate New York.


Contact Information

President: David J. Skorton

Office of the President
300 Day Hall
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY 14853

Telephone: (607) 255-5201
Fax: (607) 255-9924
E-mail: president@cornell.edu

Executive Assistant to the President
Jane M. Miller

Schedule Manager
Patricia Driscoll


Normally I weigh in on a subject, But this time I just can’t find the words. For more on Project Veritas: http://projectveritas.com/cornell-dean-advises-starting-isis-club-0

Students Told to Pledge “One Nation Under Allah”

New York High School Tells Kids to Pledge Allegiance to “One Nation Under Allah.”
MARCH 20, 2015
frontpagemag.com

Making some parents furious, a Pine Bush, New York high school courted controversy by teaching kids to recite our national Pledge of Allegiance in Arabic even changing “one nation under god” to “one nation under Allah.” The morning’s regularly scheduled announcements included the Arabic reading of the pledge. According to students, the announcement was greeted by catcalls and angry denunciations in classrooms throughout the school by students who felt the reading was inappropriate…

Idaho Parents React to Boys Using Girls Bathroom

ijreview.com

When some Idaho parents learned last week that a transgendered student was sharing the same bathroom with their teenage daughter, the news didn’t sit well with them.

Jacob Smith and Pauline Adams approached the Boise school district, concerned for their daughter’s privacy and safety. According to KIVI-TV:

“The Boise School District explains that under federal law, the district is required to provide access to public facilities consistent with the student’s gender identity.”
Smith and Adams told KBOI they are keeping “their daughter out of school until something is changed, or even possibly switch schools.”…

Wayne Allyn Root on Obama’s Love for America

Wayne Allyn Root

When Rudy Guliani said he thought “Obama doesn’t love America,” it set off a media firestorm. You know, those same fine ultra-liberal Americans now running the mainstream media who, while in class with me at Columbia University, cheered the assassination attempt on President Ronald Reagan…and who today no doubt support students at California college campuses who voted to remove the American flag…criticized Guliani for stating the obvious.

Naturally, the media decided to play “gotcha” with GOP presidential candidates and ask them if they agree that Obama doesn’t love America. As usual, GOP candidates panicked and ran away from Guliani’s statement. Well, I have the perfect answer to that question. Scott Walker are you listening?

The answer is, “I believe Obama loves America…the same way Castro has loved Cuba for the past half century. And I believe Obama loves America the same way Hugo Chavez loved Venezuela…the same way Stalin loved Russia…the same way Ho Chi Minh loved North Vietnam…and the same way the Socialist presidents of insolvent, bankrupt EU countries like Greece, Spain and France today love their country.

I’m sure Obama loves America the same way they all loved their countries and their people. Yet they managed to destroy their countries and economies. That’s what socialism, communism, or Marxism (whatever you want to name it) does. It destroys everyone and everything it touches. Ask the people of Detroit now living in an abandoned city.

It’s not a matter of patriotism. Obama may love America. I’m sure Fidel Castro would say he’s the biggest Cuban patriot ever. Castro loves his people…and he will love Cuba until his dying breath.

Yet, look at the results. Castro’s country lies in ruins. The Cuban people own nothing, not even their own thoughts or free speech. Disagree, protest, speak out publicly and the Castro brothers send you to prison to rot or die. People living in the country that Fidel Castro loves so much have spent the last half century escaping through shark infested waters in boats made of spit, glue and rubber tires. The Cuban people were willing to die to get away from the man who loves his country to death.

In all socialist countries “The state” takes care of you. “The state” knows what’s best. “The state” tells you what to think. In each and every case, all that love (and smothering state control) ruins your life.

So, does Obama “love America”? Perhaps, but it’s clear his version of love is similar to the husband who beats his wife, all the while proclaiming “I love you honey…this is for your own good.”

That’s exactly what Scott Walker and other GOP presidential candidates need to say when the media asks “Does Obama love America?” That’s the perfect answer. Watch the media turn ash white and look sick to their stomachs.

No one can prove whether Obama loves America. But I do know he is destroying America. I do know Obama is Castro.

The people I trust who have dealt with Castro…the parents and grandparents of my friends in the Cuban community…all say Obama is Fidel Castro all over again. They’ve seen firsthand the lies, corruption, fraud, propaganda, massive taxation and regulation, the tyrant saying with such sincerity that he loves his country and is here to “save” it. They’ve heard him say that everything he does is for “the good of the people.” They recognize Castro when they see him…and Cubans who lived under Castro are certain Obama is Castro.

It’s not just Castro. Every socialist tin-pot dictator is the same. They all channel Saul Alinsky. Everything they say is the opposite of the truth. Everything they say is to deceive and distract.

Everything they do is to bribe the poor with free stuff- stolen from the middle class and business owners. The politically correct name is “income redistribution.” But it’s theft. It’s the central tenant of communism and Karl Marx’s “Communist Manifesto.”

Rip off your opposition to make them poor and redistribute the stolen loot to the dependent poor, buying their loyalty and votes. That’s socialism… that’s Castro… and that’s Obama.

I have one more recommendation to GOP presidential candidates. When asked what you think of Guiliani’s comments, tell them you’ll answer only when they’ve asked Democrat presidential candidates if they agree with Obama’s comments that Muslim terrorists have “legitimate grievances”?

Do Democratic candidates agree with Obama that “Muslim” and “terrorist” can’t be used in the same sentence? Do they agree with his use of illegal Executive Orders to make law or his use of the IRS to destroy political opponents? Do they agree that illegal aliens given amnesty should collect up to $24,000 in income tax credits even though they paid no taxes?

Do they agree that $8 trillion in new debt added by Obama could destroy our economy and our children’s future?

Tell them you’ll answer their questions when you hear the Democrats’ answer to these.

It’s time to fight fire with fire. It’s time to stop bringing a knife to a gun fight. This is war. This is a battle for the very survival of America, American exceptionalism, small business, capitalism, free enterprise and free speech.

Sure Obama loves America, just like those communist tyrants loved their country. That is, as long as they own it…control it… and fundamentally change it. So perhaps the corrupt, Marxist, Muslim sympathizer, sociopath, tyrant in the White House loves America too. You can quote me.

It’s time to speak up now, before America is gone. It’s time to stand up to evil. It’s time to stand up to bullies. It’s time to take back America from the tyrant who loves it…to death.

Wayne Allyn Root, a former Libertarian Vice Presidential nominee, is one of the most popular political and media stars in America. His columns and commentaries are read at the biggest political & news web sites in America- includingFoxNews.com. He makes regular appearances at Fox News Channel, and hundreds of radio stations across the country. Wayne is a Capitalist Evangelist, entrepreneur and small businessman, home-school dad, best-selling author, and Tea Party Libertarian conservative. His web site: http://www.ROOTforAmerica.com

“I Have Come To Indoctrinate Your Children” Homo Activist

The following article is from Henry Makow’s site:

http://www.henrymakow.com/#sthash.mOeTzcBL.dpuf

image

“I Have Come to Indoctrinate Your Children” – LGBTQ Activist

March 14, 2015

(Left, Sason Bear Bergman, 40, formerly Sharon Jill, is a Jewish woman who “changed” into a man and then married a man.)

“I want your children [to become] like me…”

This article proves homosexual activists are intolerant. While society is willing to live and let live, these bigots, a microscopic minority, impose their norms on us. If we demur, we are “homophobic” and “bullies.”

Government, schools and corporations pay Bear Bergman to convince their people he is healthy and normal. He
creates “queer and trans cultural competency at universities, corporations, health care providers, and governmental organizations.” A founder of the first Gay/Straight Alliance, he lectures on making schools “safe” for GLBT students. He resides in Toronto with his husband J Wallace and their son Stanley.

By S. Bear Bergman
I Have Come to Indoctrinate Your Children Into My LGBTQ Agenda (And I’m Not a Bit Sorry)
(abridged by henrymakow.com)

I am here to tell you: All that time I said I wasn’t indoctrinating anyone with my beliefs about gay and lesbian and bi and trans and queer people?

That was a lie.

All 25 years of my career as an LGBTQ activist, since the very first time as a 16-year-old I went and stood shaking and breathless in front of eleven people to talk about My Story, I have been on a consistent campaign of trying to change people’s minds about us. I want to make them like us. That is absolutely my goal. I want to make your children like people like me and my family, even if that goes against the way you have interpreted the teachings of your religion.

I want to be present in their emotional landscapes as a perfectly nice dad and writer who is married to another guy. Who used to be a girl (kind of). Who is friendly and cheerful and not scary at all, no matter what anyone says.

I would also like to know: Why are we so afraid of admitting this? I ask as a person who quailed before this accusation (and its slimy misguided undertones of pederasty) for more than two decades. That is our job: to encourage people, especially children, to think differently about a subject than they do now. To dispel the dim and dismal miasma of myths and stereotypes, and instead allow the light of truth and fairness to shine in. That’s the deal, my friends. And if we have done it — if we have come to a place where a kid has been struggling in the muck of ignorance and hatred, and helped them up and cleaned them off and sent them to play in a meadow of love or at least kindness — then baby, we have done the thing well.

At the moment, I am helping to put the finishing touches on a series of children’s books that all feature lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or queer kids or families. There are six books, and they are racially and ethnically diverse, filled with girls and women doing cool things, page upon page of kids enacting their own identities in joyous and peaceful ways.

There’s no bullying or shaming in these books, and no Very Special Episode identity politics — it’s just happy kids being well, solving problems, having adventures, loving and being loved. They have lesbian mums and gay dads and big extended queer chosen families; some are gender-independent. But what they all are is present. They are all in the books, on the page, on the landscape….

image

How do we talk to children most effectively? Through story. And so, I set about trying to make a set of children’s stories that would teach kids what I want my son and all of his schoolmates to know — that people like the people in our family (both biological and logical) are absolutely great.

It wasn’t hard for me to understand that kids who get that message, even if they never know any our LGBTQ people as far as they know, may indeed carry it into adulthood. I watch the rash of recent murders of trans women and I think — there’s nothing I can do about that now except give money and pray. I do those things. But if there’s anything I can do to get ahead of the problem, to refashion the world so that the humanity and value of trans women is made evident to more people, and sooner, in the face of cultural forces than I want to do it. I want to teach kids all about the idea of trans people like children in Nebraska read books about the ocean: even if you’ve never seen it, it’s still a lovely thing that exists in the world, and you will get to enjoy it one day, if you’re lucky.

That’s what I want kids to know about lesbian, gay, bi, queer, and trans people — that we exist, that we’re perfectly fine and often really excellent, and that even if you don’t know any now you will before too long. I want them to know that we’re absolutely as worthwhile and worthy of love and respect as anyone, and that if you’re kind to us and behave yourself well there’s a better than even chance you can get an invitation to brunch. I want kids to know this even if their parents’ or community’s interpretation of their religious tenets is that we’re awful. I would be happy — delighted, overjoyed I tell you — to cause those children to disagree with their families on the subject of LGBTQ people.

If that makes me an indoctrinator, I accept it. Let me be honest — I am not even a little bit sorry.

Related – Transgendered Teen is Role Model for Women
———— America’s Degenerate Future

You can find this article permanently at http://henrymakow.com/2015/03/i-have-come-to-indoctrinate.html Articles >>
Henry Makow received his Ph.D. in English Literature from the University of Toronto in 1982. He welcomes your comments at henry@henrymakow.com

Anonymous said (March 15, 2015):

Henry,Sometimes I have to ask myself if there is something wrong with me, am I the normal one, or am I beyond help for feeling this outraged at things like this?

VARIETY magazine pumping up Sally Field’s new movie HELLO MY NAME IS DORIS, about a sixty something grandma who has a ‘crush’ on a thirty something male. This is supposed to be funny stuff, I can’t for the life of me find any humor in this Henry.. I remember trying to watch Betty White’s new show where she stops young men on the street with ‘sexual inuendo’. I could not laugh, I wanted to die of embarrassement, I wanted to puke. I have not watched Betty White since.

Now we have Sally Field, a grandmother in real life, who is going to expect me to laugh at her ‘crush’ on a boy who is the same age as my real son, in his thirties.

I suppose this is all just typical Hollywood liberal behavior, but honestly, I am so embarrassed for Sally Field’s real-life grandchildren that I can’t wrap my brain around whatever possessed this actress to want to play a perverted grandmother who has sexual fantasies about young men, then proceeds to sexually molest them in her mind.

Watching the trailer to this movie made me physically ill.

When does the perversion stop in Hollywood?
I am REPULSED.

AK said (March 15, 2015):

I find it frightening to see the spread of this culture, it seem no escaping this. Christian and Muslims should respond to this lady by launching children story books, talking about gender identities according to faith.

Alan C said (March 14, 2015):

Regarding the article on wanting to indoctrinate our children. NO THANKS! Gender Confusion is a mental disease, God Created man and woman as two parts of the whole, so that the branch of humanity can keep reproducing (pro-creation).
When a male or female discontinue their branch that is the death of that branch of the human tree.

God gives many examples of his Tree-Mend-Us principals, as He is the tree of life. Why must some people promote death, not passing on the mans seed though another woman? This is known as a being a “mamser” (death of the next generation, the terminus, end of the line etc.).

Personally I do not care when people who are gender confused, can do what they want in the closet I do not Judge them. But when you come after My children then you have crossed the line and there Will be a fight.

Please get help before you destroy many others, as you have yourself.

MA said (March 14, 2015):

This is the new world order. It isn’t something that is coming in the future, we have been living in it for years. Likewise, I somewhat believe that the antichrist may be manifested spiritually in these times, rather than as a physical person. The bible seems to communicate that the spirit of antichrist is the denial of Christ as the one true Son of God, and it also described him as a deceiver.

The amount of deception, temptation, confusion and total darkness in the world today supports the theory that his evil spirit rules the world.

There really is no hope for these people confused into the homosexual movement, they are incredibly sick and they cannot be helped. Not that it isn’t possible to help them, but help is denied them. The entire western model is built around accepting their sickness as normal. In Ontario there is a crazy women politician who wants to deny them help even more by banning conversion therapy.

It is hard not to feel bad for these sick people, especially those in the ‘trans’ community. Who ruin their lives and bodies through hormones, and (God forbid) surgery. It is like the crystal meth of homosexuality. The people who deny them help, and call this normal are criminals and need to be eradicated.

The only hope for this world would be for a massive revolution and restoration of sound thinking, good living, true beauty, morality etc. That will only come through a miracle. Even the head of the Catholic Church (which could and should of been a bastion of resistance against this anti-Christ world order) is appearing to be possibly an imposter.

In his power, he could sound the alarm and wake millions up to the fact that the world is sick. But instead he says, ‘Who am I to judge’, cursing these people to remain sick instead of providing any hope of healing.
Diane said (March 14, 2015):

This is why I am finding being a stay at home mom so valuable. It is an inoculation against this disease. This is a quiet and loving battle moms need to fight on a daily basis.

BTW, when I worked at a hospital system before quitting work, we changed ALL of our health screening questions to be “inclusive” toward this community. This meant, in triage, nurses asking an elderly lady who had perhaps had a fainting spell, what gender she considered herself to be.

– See more at: http://www.henrymakow.com/#sthash.mOeTzcBL.dpuf

Of course: Chivalry Is Sexist!

Huffington Post: Chivalry is dead, at least as far as equal rights are concerned.

A new study out of Northeastern University in Boston says there are two types of sexists out there. Acts of so-called chivalry, like paying for dinner, offering up jackets and calling a women ‘love’ or ‘dear’ can be signs of “benevolent sexists,” according to psychologist Jin Goh, while “hostile sexists” are those who specifically leave housework to wives and girlfriends, or wolf whistle at women walking down the street.

Judith Hall

Judith Hall

People don’t typically associate sexism with the warmth and friendliness benevolent sexists display, Goh explained to the Telegraph. While some women consider the behaviour of benevolent sexists to be gentlemanly and courteous, co-author and psychology professor Judith Hall at the Boston-based university told the Daily Mail that “benevolent sexism is like a wolf in sheep’s clothing — [it] perpetuates support for gender inequality.”

The study, which paired 27 men with women between the ages of 18 and 22, encouraged the individuals to take a quiz and get to know each other. Rating their agreement on statements like ““a good woman should be set on a pedestal by her man” and “women are too easily offended” helped differentiate between the two types of sexists.

So does that mean we should do away with chivalry altogether? Not necessarily. As Australia’s News.com points out, if a man is carrying out these actions because he believes a woman is fragile, and thus requires protection, then he’s being sexist. But if he’s doing it to be kind? That’s just being polite.

Peter Glick, author of the original benevolent sexism study, says the intention is not to make men feel like they should stop being courteous, but rather knowing when they are crossing the line. In his 1996 report, Glick said people in general find benevolent sexism more desirable than detrimental, but it still promotes gender inequality.

feminism8

In many cases men don’t even realize they are being sexist. In 2011 psychologists Janet Swim and Julia Becker looked at the differences in how men and women recognize and respond to sexism in their daily lives. Swim explained that men continued sexist behaviour after it was recognized, but revealed they were more sympathetic when asked to look at the comments from a woman’s perspective.

On International Women’s Day Emma Watson, UN Goodwill Ambassador for Women, took to Facebook to discuss, among other topics, the act of chivalry and how it should really be consensual. Watson noted she wouldn’t be offended if a man held a door open for her, since he’s just being courteous, but to her, the real question is whether or not he would mind if she held the door open for him.

Watson’s wise words are worthy of a deeper conversation. Can we stop calling it chivalry and focus on gender-less courtesy?

DCG