Category Archives: 2012 Election

Wayne Allyn Root Puts aka-Obama at the Scene of the Crime

Wayne Allyn Root

I Can Put Obama at the Scene of the Crime
Posted by Wayne Root on July 28, 2014 Comments Off
As published at World Net Daily

By Wayne Allyn Root

My new book, “The Murder of the Middle Class” launched Monday July 14th across America. It’s about how America, the greatest nation in world history, is being destroyed by the purposeful “Murder of the Middle Class” and death of the American Dream. It is not happening by accident, mistake, or coincidence. This is a purposeful plan. This is the greatest conspiracy in world history.

The ringleader is Barack Obama and I can put Obama at the scene of the crime.

How can I do that? I was Barack Obama’s classmate at Columbia University, Class of ’83. You need to know about Obama and his plan to “murder the middle class” To stop it we first have to understand it.

First, at Columbia we were repeatedly told America is a land of “unfairness, inequality, and lack of social justice.” Recognize those words? My classmates proudly called themselves progressives and socialists, even Marxists. They talked about how to dismantle the “power structure”, the rich and the business owners- especially white ones. This is especially interesting since almost all my Columbia classmates were spoiled-brat white kids from the best prep schools in America, where their massive white guilt brainwashing started early.

We were taught to hate capitalism and believe it had to be destroyed so America’s wealth could be redistributed to create “fairness and equality.” Sound familiar?

At Columbia we studied “The Communist Manifesto,” Saul Alinsky’s “Rules for Radicals” and the Cloward and Piven plan to transform America.

In 1981 a student burst through the doors to our political science class and screamed “The President has been shot. They’ve assassinated Reagan”… my classmates yelled, hugged, high-fived, jumped up and down cheered (what they mistakenly thought was) the death of a Republican President. Today those classmates are in government with Obama, or controlling the mainstream media. They may talk about “moderation and compromise,” but remember, 30 years ago they cheered for the death of a Republican President.

Most importantly, we were taught a simple, but brilliant plan called “Cloward-Piven,” after former Columbia professors Richard Cloward and Frances Piven. The plan called for the destruction of capitalism and American exceptionalism by overwhelming the system with massive spending, entitlements and debt. That would collapse the economy, wipe out the middle class, and bring Americans to their knees, begging government to save them. Sound familiar? It’s the exact plan Obama has been implementing.

We were taught at Columbia a key component of the plan involved fooling the voters by calling yourself “moderate”, never admit your real goals. We were taught to demonize your opponents, calling them evil, greedy, extreme, radical, and even “terrorist.” Put your opponents on the defense by calling them the very things you are. Lie, misrepresent, and commit fraud because “The ends justify the means.” Obama learned well.

Obama claims Obamacare is about “saving the uninsured”, when its real objective is income redistribution to destroy the middle class. Environmental regulations are to “protect us from global warming,” when its real goal is bankrupting the middle class by tripling utility bills. Immigration reform is always about “protecting innocent children,” when its real goal is to create 12 million new Democratic voters. High taxes are to “create equality,” when they are all about starving Obama’s political opposition. Obscene government spending is always about “helping widows and orphans,” as opposed to creating more debt to overwhelm the system. Higher teacher salaries are “for the kids,” as opposed to enriching teachers unions so they can funnel hundreds of millions to Democrat politicians. Bailing out GM was to “save jobs,” as opposed to saving bloated auto union pensions.

It’s always about lying to cover-up the real agenda of murdering the middle class, redistributing wealth, and putting big government in control of our every move.

The key to it all is to “boil the frog slowly,” something we also learned at Columbia. Set the fire low, so the frog (in this case the middle class) wouldn’t know what was happening until he’s cooked.

That’s why Obama starts and ends every speech with “I’m here to save the middle class,” while his actions are annihilating them. He’s boiling the frog slowly. By the time the middle class realizes he’s the killer, and we’re the prey, we’ll already be dead.

So you see, it’s not due to coincidence, incompetence, or even George Bush. It’s all according to plan. A plan Obama learned at Columbia. Everything Obama does, and everything happening to the U.S. economy, all started at Columbia. The entire Obama agenda to overwhelm the system, destroy capitalism, and murder the middle class was hatched at Columbia. Obama may not have attended class, but he learned well. He should have received the Karl Marx Award for “Student Most Likely to Destroy America.”

That’s why Columbia matters. You must know your enemy before you can defeat him. Columbia University is a window into Obama’s soul. That’s why I’ve spent the last year writing the “Murder of the Middle Class,” to give all American’s the information and tools to save the middle class and the American Dream. This fight is just getting started. God Bless America.

- See more at: http://www.rootforamerica.com/webroot/blog/2014/07/#sthash.vl1Mp2tB.dpuf

New poll says majority of Americans regret reelecting Obama

Antichrist2

Whatever we know about President Beelzebub today, we already had known in 2012 or, for some of us, in 2008.

And yet, according to the results of a new CNN poll released today, July 27, 2014, a majority of Americans now regret having voted for the POS in 2012.

To the question “Suppose that for some reason a presidential election were being held today and you had to choose between Barack Obama and Mitt Romney. Who would you be more likely to vote for?” or if unsure, “do you lean more toward?”, 53% responded “Mitt Romney,” while 44% answered “Barack Obama.” 3% said “Neither.”

Asked about characteristics they would apply to Obama:

  • 52% say Obama is NOT “a strong and decisive leader”; 48% say he is.
  • 56% say Obama generally does NOT agree with them on issues they care about; 43% say he does agree.
  • 57% do NOT think Obama “can manage the government effectively” vs. 42% who think he does.
  • 53% do NOT believe Obama shares their values vs. 46% who do.
  • On whether Obama “is sincere in what he says,” incredibly, it’s a split: 49% say he is; 49% say he isn’t.
  • On whether “Obama cares about people like you,” 51% still think he does vs. 48% who don’t.

Lest you think the scales really have fallen off the eyes of the “useful idiot” Americans, think again.

When asked “suppose that a presidential election were being held today and you had to choose between Hillary Clinton and Mitt Romney. Who would you be more likely to vote for?,” a majority (55%) chose the Hildebeast, with 42% opting for Romney. In fact,

  • An alarming majority (63%) see her as “a strong and decisive leader,” vs. 36% who don’t.
  • A delusional majority (50%) think she “generally agrees with you on issues you care about,” vs. 48% who don’t.
  • An even larger delusional majority (53%) actually believe Hillary “cares about people like you,” vs. 45% who don’t.
  • An even bigger delusional majority (55%) think she “can manage the government effectively,” vs. 44% who don’t — despite then-Secretary of State Hillary’s lying about and complete bungling of the 2012 jihadist attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya, abandoning four Americans to their death.

The CNN poll, with interviews, of a national sample of 1,012 U.S. adults, was conducted by telephone (both cell and landline) by ORC International on July 18-20, 2014. The entire sample was weighted to reflect national Census figures for gender, race, age, education, region of country, and telephone usage. Among the entire sample, 32% described themselves as Democrats, 24% described themselves as Republicans, and 44% described themselves as Independents or members of another party. The margin of sampling error for results based on the total sample is plus or minus 3 percentage points.

~Eowyn

Wayne Allyn Root on the Murder of the Middle Class

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What is the Murder of the Middle Class?
By Wayne Allyn Root

My new book, “The Murder of the Middle Class” launches today Monday July 14th across America. It’s about how America, the greatest nation in world history, is being destroyed, plundered and looted by the premeditated “Murder of the Middle Class.” This is no accident, mistake, or coincidence. This is a purposeful plan. This is the boldest, grandest criminal conspiracy in world history.

Although the man at the center of this massive world-class fraud is Barack Obama, there are many moving parts and co-conspirators. These include famous billionaire businessmen, corporate CEOs, the Federal Reserve, Wall Street bankers, central bankers, government employee unions, the IRS, EPA, NSA, the Bar Association, assorted communists and America-haters, and even some well-known D.C. establishment Republicans. It’s quite a shocking list of conspirators.

Lies and fraud are at the center of this “murder of the middle class.” President Obama and various big government politicians need to distract the middle class from their real agenda. Lies are their WMD- weapon of mass distraction.

So they claim Obamacare is about “saving the sick and uninsured”…when the real objective is income redistribution (through higher taxes and higher premiums) to make the middle class poor and dependent on government.

They claim environmental regulations and green energy will save us from global warming…when the real objective is bankrupting the middle class by tripling utility bills, gas bills and grocery bills.

They claim immigration reform is about “protecting innocent children”…when the real objective is to create 12 million new low-wage employees in the labor force…depress middle class wages for generations to come…create 12 million future Democratic voters…and assign all of them lawyers at the expense of middle class taxpayers, to enrich the Bar Association, the biggest donor to the Democrat Party.

They claim higher taxes are to “create equality”… when the real objective is income redistribution and starving the biggest donors to conservative causes and candidates- small business and the middle class.

They claim higher education spending is “for the kids,” …when the real objective is enriching teachers unions so they can funnel hundreds of millions back to Democrat politicians.

They claim bailing out GM was to “save jobs”…when the real goal was saving bloated pensions for auto union members, whose unions kicked back hundreds of millions to Democrat politicians.

The Fed claims quantitative easing is “to save the economy”…when the real goal was making crony capitalist Warren Buffett $12.7 billion richer last year, while the children and unborn grandchildren of middle class taxpayers owe back $17 trillion in debt used to fund a fixed craps game on Wall Street.

It’s always about lying to cover-up the real agenda of murdering the middle class; redistributing wealth; making it impossible for small business to compete with big business; rewarding lobbyists, lawyers and crony capitalists; keeping politicians in office for life; and putting big government in control of our every move.

But the biggest lie of all is when politicians like Obama claim, “It’s all okay. Things are getting better. We’re in a recovery. Look away, there’s nothing to see here.”

It’s not okay. This author was just notified by his health insurance company that my family’s policy has been cancelled. When Obama was elected my bill was $500 per month. Today it’s $1700 per month. But now my family will have no insurance at all, because of Obamacare. Tens of millions of middle class Americans will soon receive the same notice. This is no mistake. This was premeditated fraud upon the middle class.

My grocery bills have skyrocketed. How about yours? My electric bills are at all-time highs. Gas prices have doubled since Obama became president. How can middle class people survive, without becoming dependent on government? Ah, that’s the point.

All this while the economy is in crisis and collapse. The GDP for the first quarter was NEGATIVE 2.9%, one of the worst showings in history, six years after Obama’s trillion dollar stimulus promised to “save” the economy. That stimulus went to Obama’s voters (the poor) and Obama’s donors (the super rich). But the bill (in the form of debt) goes to the middle class for decades to come.

No, things are not alright. Here are just a few of the facts from my new book, “The Murder of the Middle Class:”

China is set to pass America as the world’s #1 economy based on consumer spending. THIS YEAR. It will be the first time since 1872 that America has not been the #1 economy in the world.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2616806/American-dollar-hits-wall-China-prepares-leap-place-worlds-largest-economy-end-year.html

For the first time in history America’s middle class isn’t #1 in the world. Canada’s middle class has passed us.

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/23/upshot/the-american-middle-class-is-no-longer-the-worlds-richest.html?hp&_r=1

For the first time in American history more businesses are closing each day than starting up.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2014/05/05/u-s-businesses-are-being-destroyed-faster-than-theyre-being-created/?hpid=z5

There are now 70% more Americans collecting entitlement checks than working in the private sector (148 million “takers” vs. 86 million “makers”)… a fact provided by the U.S. Census Bureau.

http://www.cnsnews.com/commentary/terence-p-jeffrey/86m-full-time-private-sector-workers-sustain-148m-benefit-takers

The average full-time male employee now earns less (adjusted for inflation) than 40 years ago.

http://cnsnews.com/news/article/terence-p-jeffrey/men-who-work-full-time-earn-less-40-years-ago

20% of U.S. families don’t have a single member who is employed:

http://endoftheamericandream.com/archives/the-real-unemployment-rate-in-20-of-american-families-everyone-is-unemployed

Record numbers of Americans are not in the workforce (over 92 million):

http://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/ali-meyer/record-number-americans-not-labor-force-june

The number of working age Americans without a job has increased by about 10 million in Obama’s first 5 years as President. That means each and every year of Obama’s Presidency, 2 million more Americans disappeared from the workforce.

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-01-13/number-working-age-americans-without-job-has-risen-almost-10-million-under-obama

America’s 2nd largest employer is a Temp Agency.

http://washingtonexaminer.com/recovery-woes-americas-second-largest-employer-is-a-temp-agency/article/2532778

70% of Americans believe we are still in the middle of the economic crisis, or that the worst is yet to come. And, they are correct.

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-06-04/7-10-americans-believe-crisis-not-over-or-worst-yet-come-52-cant-afford-their-homes

There is no doubt the great American middle class is being murdered. I’ve spent the last year writing the “Murder of the Middle Class” to give all Americans the information, tools and courage to save the middle class and the American Dream. This fight is just getting started. Get informed and join the battle. God Bless America.

Worst & best states to live in, according to residents

In June-December 2013, Gallup conducted a poll of residents of America’s 50 states, asking them to rank if their state is the “worst possible to live in.

A whopping 25% or 1 out of 4 residents of Illinois rated the state as worst. Illinois, of course, is where the POS began his political career of destroying America.

Top 3 worst states are:

  1. Illinois (14.5% Black)
  2. Connecticut (10.1% Black)
  3. Rhode Island (5.7% Black)

Note that the top 3 worst states are all blue (Democrat) states in the 2012 presidential election who voted for the POS.

Top 3 best states are:

  1. Montana (0.4% Black)
  2. Alaska (3.3% Black)
  3. Utah (0.9% Black)

Note that the top 3 best states are all red (Republican) states in the 2012 presidential election who voted for Mitt Romney.

Acting on a hunch, I added the red state vs. blue state classification, as well as the percentage of Blacks.

Here are the full lists of worst and best states:

Worst StatesBest statesH/t Zero Hedge

~Eowyn

Newspaper Apologizes for Supporting Obama in 2008

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Honesty is so refreshing!

BY: Washington Free Beacon Staff
June 30, 2014 12:27 pm

The Billings Gazette apologized on Friday for its 2008 endorsement of Barack Obama for president in an editorial titled “Gazette opinion: Obama earned the low ratings.”

The Gazette said it missed George W. Bush and the “good ol’ days when we were at least winning battles in Iraq.”

It recapped several mistakes Obama has made during his presidency:

Obama has also failed on energy policy by not approving the Keystone XL pipeline, which could be helpful to the economy.
He has failed in Iraq; the country is now on the brink of civil war.
The Gazette wrote that the Bowe Bergdahl exchange made the Obama administration seem incompetent.
The VA system has been mismanaged by the Obama administration, leading to veterans dying before they could receive medical care.
Obama has also broken his promise to become the “most transparent administration in history.” The Gazette said the president’s administration is so opaque that is has earned a reputation worse than that of Richard Nixon.
The Gazette closed its editorial by noting that these mistakes “demonstrate a disturbing trend of incompetence and failure”:

These are all signs — none of them definitive on their own, necessarily. However, when taken in completely, these demonstrate a disturbing trend of incompetence and failure. It’s not just that Americans are in a sour mood about national politics. That’s probably part of it. Instead, Obama has become another in a line of presidents long on rhetoric and hopelessly short on action.

Obama’s hope and change have left liberals and conservatives alike hoping for real change, not just more lofty rhetoric.

Gov. Scott Walker. Successful Republican. Can’t Recall Him So Let’s Try This.

Sorry folks my head has not been in the game lately. So I will leave this for you to discuss as I work my way out of my fog.

 As I see it ,you make some allegations by some “John Doe’s ” and hope something sticks. 

Here’s a thought. Maybe those who are  Liberal failures  could emulate Scott Walker and have a successful state too. He’s doing something Right.

Gov. Scott Walker speaks at an event in Sheboygan on Monday.

Gov. Scott Walker speaks at an event in Sheboygan on Monday.      Mike De Sisti

Updated: 1:34 p.m

Madison — Prosecutors allege that Gov. Scott Walker was at the center of an effort to illegally coordinate fundraising among conservative groups to help his campaign and those of Republican senators fend off recall elections during 2011 and ’12, according to documents unsealed Thursday.

In the documents, prosecutors lay out what they call a “criminal scheme” to bypass state election laws by Walker, his campaign and two top deputies — R.J. Johnson and Deborah Jordahl.

The governor and his close confidants helped raise money and control spending through 12 conservative groups during the recall elections, according to the prosecutors’ filings.

The documents include an email in which Walker tells Karl Rove, former top adviser to President George W. Bush, that Johnson would lead the coordination campaign. Johnson is also chief adviser to Wisconsin Club for Growth, a conservative group active in the recall elections.

“Bottom-line: R.J. helps keep in place a team that is wildly successful in Wisconsin. We are running 9 recall elections and it will be like 9 congressional markets in every market in the state (and Twin Cities),” Walker wrote to Rove on May 4, 2011.

A federal judge unsealed the court documents Thursday as part of a lawsuit attempting to halt the secret investigation into the so-called John Doe probe into the recall elections.

Q&A: The John Doe investigation explained

VIDEO: Walker talks about John Doe probe in May

The lawsuit was brought by Wisconsin Club for Growth and one of its directors, Eric O’Keefe. They allege the probe has violated their First Amendment rights to free expression and persuaded U.S. District Judge Rudolph Randa to halt the investigation, at least for the time being.

The documents came out by order of a judge on the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals in Chicago, which is reviewing the lawsuit.

Based on the prosecutors’ arguments, the initial presiding judge in the case, former Kenosha County Circuit Judge Barbara Kluka, authorized sweeping subpoenas for a number of individuals, including Eric O’Keefe, a director for Wisconsin Club for Growth.

O’Keefe was ordered to turn over scores of documents related to the recall election and other matters dating back to 2009, documents released Thursday show.

But Reserve Judge Gregory Peterson, who replaced Kluka on the case, quash the subpoenas in January and ordered the return of any property seized because he found that there was no probable cause shown that they committed any violations of the campaign finance laws.

“I am persuaded the statutes only prohibit coordination by candidates and independent organizations for a political purpose, and political purpose, with one minor exception not relevant here…requires express advocacy,” Peterson wrote in an order included in the recently released batch of documents. “There is no evidence of express advocacy.”

In addition to working for Walker’s campaign, Johnson is a key adviser to the Wisconsin Club for Growth.

~Steve~        

http://www.jsonline.com/news/statepolitics/federal-judge-unseals-hundreds-of-documents-in-john-doe-probe-b99295017z1-263839791.html

More than half of Americans can’t afford their rent or mortgage

elections have consequences

Quentin Forttrell reports for Market Watch, June 4, 2014:

Over half of Americans (52%) have had to make at least one major sacrifice in order to cover their rent or mortgage over the last three years, according to the “How Housing Matters Survey,” which was commissioned by the nonprofit John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation and carried out by Hart Research Associates. These sacrifices include getting a second job, deferring saving for retirement, cutting back on health care, running up credit card debt, or even moving to a less safe neighborhood or one with worse schools.

“Affordability issues are real and a major hurdle,” says Lawrence Yun, chief economist at the National Association of Realtors, an industry group. Home prices have increased 20% over the past two years while wages have barely gone up, he says. “Only by adding more new supply, via housing starts, can home prices be tamed,” Yun adds. In fact, construction of housing units has averaged around 1.5 million a year for the past five decades, he says, but it’s likely to be less than 1 million in 2014.

What’s more, at least 15% of American homeowners (or residents of 78 counties across the country) were living in housing markets where the monthly mortgage payment on a median-priced home requires more than 30% of the monthly median household income — long considered the maximum for rent/mortgage repayments. Housing costs above that threshold are “unaffordable by historic standards,” says Daren Blomquist, vice president at real estate data firm RealtyTrac. In New York county/Manhattan, mortgage payments represent 77% of the median income and in San Francisco County represents 70%.

Read the rest of the article here.

New York and San Francisco both went full-tilt for Obama.

Suck it up~Eowyn

Rev. Manning: Obama has produced more racism in America than 200 years of slavery

Obama%20messiahobamaDuring the 2008 presidential campaign, the media heaped praises on Barack Obama, hailing him as the first “post-racial president” who would heal America from its legacy of racism.

But America is more racist than ever before, despite the “post-racial” Obama having been elected twice as president. Far from being healed from the legacy of racism, America under Obama seems to be a country where racists are cropping up here, there, and everywhere.

Just 7 months into Obama’s first term as president on July 16, 2009, America had its first allegedly racist brouhaha when Harvard professor Henry Louis Gates claimed it was racism that led to his arrest by Cambridge police officer Sgt. James Crowley, for breaking into his own home. Gates had returned from a China trip to find his front door jammed. Seeing Gates trying to force the door open, a passerby had called police to report a break-in.

In 2012, America was in an even bigger uproar over alleged racist, the half-Hispanic George Zimmerman’s shooting of black teen Trayvon Martin.

In June 2013, America was in an uproar again over “celebrity” chef Paula Deen’s allegedly racist remarks (using the “N” word). A judge dismissed a lawsuit brought against Deen by an employee for racial and sexual discrimination. For having occasionally uttered IN PRIVATE the N-word, Deen lost all her cookery programs, publishing deals and endorsement contracts.

The next month, America hurtled into yet another uproar when Zimmerman was tried, and acquitted, for the shooting death of Martin.

We are only four months into 2014, and already we have the Cliven Bundy and Donald Sterling incidents. You can’t turn on the radio or TV without being subjected to wall-to-wall media coverage of the alleged racists.

Racism of a specific variety — racism AGAINST BLACKS — is now the most heinous, despicable and unforgivable sin (even though the racial pimps and the liberal media don’t actually subscribe to the concept of sin). A racist AGAINST BLACKS is more horrible than pedophiles, serial killers, and mass murderers.

Rev. and Dr. James David Manning has an interesting take on recent racial scandals. Here’s a transcription of the first part of his video:

“All this racial hullabaloo, going back to Paula Deen, and with Cliven Bundy, now with Donald Sterling, and all those black basketball players and mad people all over the world — it’s a set up.

By that I mean God is showing … that the racial problems in America have exacerbated under Obama. God is using this to demonstrate that those who voted for Obama because of race have gotten more racial strife and problem. Living by the sword, you die by the sword.

The two illegal elections of Barack Hussein Obama have produced more racism in America than two hundred years of slavery….

I am convinced without a doubt that God [Jesus] is allowing these things to be to show how ineffective Obama and the race pimps are, that they know not what they are doing and that they have no power….

Every last person that voted for Obama because of the color of his skin, God is demonstrating the ineffectiveness of Obama and He is condemning your vote. He is condemning the illegal elections … and all of the praise, all of the legislation, all of the acts and laws that Obama has produced….”

~Eowyn

Election fraud: 44,000 are registered to vote in BOTH Virginia & Maryland

acorn_vote_fraud

Kenric Ward reports for Watchdog.com, April 23, 2014, that a crosscheck of voter rolls in Viriginia and Maryland by the vote-integrity group Virginia Voters Alliance (VVA) discovered 44,000 people are registered to vote in both states.

According to VVA president Reagan George, 164 people actually cast multiple ballots in Virginia and Maryland during the 2012 election.

The VVA also found 31,000 dead voters via the Social Security Administration’s Death Master File, as well as 40,000 to 60,000 dead voter registrations. “Dead voter registrations are prime targets for voter fraud which generate few complaints,” George noted.

George said the VVA will now:

  • Expand their search for voters who are registered to vote in Virginia and in another state, to include the District of Columbia, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, North Carolina, Tennessee, West Virginia and Georgia.
  • Identify non-citizens who have registered to vote and may have voted in past elections.

George has urged Virginia’s State Board of Elections (SBE) to:

  • Tighten Virginia’s voter ID law that allows absentee voters to use mailed ballots without affirming their identity.
  • Check the 50,000-plus patient beds in Virginia nursing homes and rehab centers amid reports of voting irregularities there.
  • Require proof of citizenship to register to vote. Kansas and Arizona require this.
  • Annually audit felons who are not allowed to vote.
  • Control the registration process, as well as the form used to register voters. George says “The current system is the perfect vehicle for identity theft and ‘lost’ registrations.”
  • Create a statewide clearinghouse for all voter fraud referrals.
  • Open the SBE’s voter-crosscheck data to the public and publicize cases of voter fraud.

The three-member state board — controlled by Republicans until the end of the year — have taken VVA’s recommendations under advisement.

~Eowyn

More Pics of Interest

Reagan

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Joe Biden

Eisenhower

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Founders/tyrants

Tyrants

Obama muslim

illuminati

illuminati

Thanks to my friend, Alan.