BP Poisons Gulf With Deadly Oil Dispersant

Last Tuesday, June 8, a team of scientists confirmed what many of us suspect: Vast underwater concentrations of oil sprawling for miles in the Gulf of Mexico from the damaged, crude-belching BP PLC well are unprecedented in human history and threaten to wreak havoc on marine life. The scientists’ finding was confirmed for the first time by federal officials. As Paul Quinlan and Josh Voorhees of Greenwire report:

Researchers aboard the F.G. Walton Smith vessel…traced an underwater oil plume 15 miles wide, 3 miles long and about 600 feet thick…. “It’s an infusion of oil and gas unlike anything else that has ever been seen anywhere, certainly in human history,” said Samantha Joye of the University of Georgia, the expedition leader.

Bacteria are breaking down the oil’s hydrocarbons in a massive, microorganism feeding frenzy that has sent oxygen levels plunging close to what is considered “dead zone” conditions, at which most marine life are smothered for a lack of dissolved oxygen….

Less clear to researchers like Joye are what role the unprecedented deployment of oil-dispersing chemicals are having…on fisheries. “The primary producers — the base of the food web in the ocean — is going to be altered. There’s no doubt about that,” Joye said. “We have no idea what dispersants are going to do to microorganisms. We know they are toxic to many larvae….

There are good reasons to be concerned about the dispersant Corexit that BP is using. Since the regular media (the supposedly conservative FoxNews included) are not doing their job, Fellowship of the Minds looked into the matter. The following is a Primer on Corexit. Sources used for this primer are identified at the end.

*****

What is Corexit?

Corexit is a line of oil dispersants or solvents, originally developed by Exxon and now manufactured by Nalco Holding Company (NHC) of Naperville, IL. Interestingly, NHC is associated with Exxon and British Petroleum (BP) — the latter is the same company that insists on using Corexit.  

An oil dispersant is basically a detergent, like your dishwashing detergent. It disperses or breaks up the oil film into small droplets that intermix with seawater.

There are at least four different formulations of Corexit:

  • Corexit EC 7664A
  • Corexit EC 9500A (aka Corexit 9500)
  • Corexit 9527A
  • Corexit EC 9580A

Corexit EC9500A is mainly comprised of hydrotreated light petroleum distillates, propylene glycol and a proprietary organic sulfonic acid salt. Propylene glycol is a chemical commonly used as a solvent or moisturizer in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. An organic sulfonic acid salt is a synthetic chemical detergent, such as that used in laundry detergents, which acts as a surfactant to emulsify oil and allow its dispersion into water. 

A variant of Corexit was used in the 1989 Exxon Valdez disaster in Alaska. In the present Deepwater Horizon oil spill, BP is using unprecedentedly large quantities of Corexit EC9500A and Corexit EC9527A, applying 800,000 gallons total, but more accurate estimates run as high as 1,000,000 gallons underwater.

Is Corexit Effective?

Corexit 9500 was 54.7% effective and Corexit EC9527A was 63.4% effective in handling Louisiana crude oil. Corexit is not a very efficient oil dispersant; there are others that are better. (More below)

Is Corexit Safe to Use?

The short answer is “No!” Corexit is highly toxic to humans as well as marine life.

The federal Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has identified the 2-butoxyethanol in Corexit to be a causal agent in the health problems experienced by cleanup workers after the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill of respiratory, nervous system, liver, kidney and blood disorders. Read about Corexit from the EPA:

http://www.epa.gov/oem/content/ncp/products/corex950.htm

According to the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), Corexit 9500‘s “potential human bazard is: High.” It can cause central nervous system depression; nausea; unconsciousness;  liver, kidney damage; and red blood cell hemolysis with repeated or prolonged exposure through inhalation or ingestion. 

Here is what the MSDS for Corexit EC9500A says about Accidental Release Measures:

PERSONAL PRECAUTIONS :
Restrict access to area as appropriate until clean-up operations are complete. Ensure clean-up is conducted by trained personnel only. Ventilate spill area if possible. Do not touch spilled material. Remove sources of ignition.

Stop or reduce any leaks if it is safe to do so. Have emergency equipment (for fires, spills, leaks, etc.) readily available. Use personal protective equipment recommended in Section 8 (Exposure Controls/Personal Protection). Notify appropriate government, occupational health and safety and environmental authorities.

RESPIRATORY PROTECTION :
If significant mists, vapors or aerosols are generated an approved respirator is recommended. An organic vapor cartridge with dust/mist prefilter or supplied air may be used. In event of emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations a positive pressure, full-facepiece SCBA should be used. If respiratory protection is required, institute a complete respiratory protection program including selection, fit testing, training, maintenance and inspection.

HAND PROTECTION :
Nitrile gloves, Viton# gloves, Polyvinyl alcohol gloves

SKIN PROTECTION :
Wear impervious apron and boots.

EYE PROTECTION :
Wear chemical splash goggles.

HYGIENE RECOMMENDATIONS :
Keep an eye wash fountain available. Keep a safety shower available. If clothing is contaminated, remove clothing and thoroughly wash the affected area. Launder contaminated clothing before reuse.

On May 19, 2010 the EPA gave BP 24 hours to choose less toxic alternatives to Corexit, selected from the list of EPA-approved dispersants on the National Contingency Plan Product Schedule. BP was to begin applying the less toxic dispersants within 72 hours of EPA approval of their choices, but BP refused to change from Corexit, citing safety and availability concerns with alternatives.

According to the EPA, Corexit is more toxic than dispersants made by several competitors and less effective in handling southern Louisiana crude. Not only is Corexit toxic to human and marine life, it helps keep spilled oil submerged. The quantities used in the Gulf will create unprecedented underwater damage to organisms.

There are claims that Corexit is one of the most poisonous dispersants ever developed, that it is 4 times more toxic than crude oil, and 20 times more toxic than other dispersants, but only half as effective.

Is there a better alternative than Corexit?

There is an oil dispersant called Dispersit, manufactured by Polychem, a division of U.S. Polychemical Corporation. Dispersit is a much less harmful water-based product, with about one third of the toxicity that Corexit 9500 presents. Corexit 9500 is a harsh petroleum-based solvent which is dangerous to people and sea life. Dispersit’s human health effect is “slight to none.” Dispersit is also on the EPA’s approved list of dispersants.

Dispersit is also more effective than Corexit. Dispersit has a demonstrated effectiveness of 100% on the lighter South Louisiana crude, and 40% on Pruhoe Bay’s heavier crude. Exxon’s Corexit 9500 is just 55% effective on SL and 55% effective on PB. On an average, Dispersit is 70% effective, and may prove 100% effective, while Corexit 9500 is an average of 50% effective, with a maximum effective use of just 55%.

Bruce Gebhardt at Polychem Marine Products was asked if Dispersit was being used in the Gulf Oil Spill situation. “Very little,” he replied.  When asked why, the impression was that the government had used Corexit 9500 in the past, and was going with what they know — no matter how dangerous that might prove to be.

Why does BP insist on using the highly toxic, less effective Corexit?

Why is Corexit 9500 is being used at all, when the water-based Dispersit is available, markedly more effective and less toxic? Follow the money.

Recall that earlier I had said that Corexit is manufactured by Nalco Holding Company (NHC), which is associated with BP. Rodney F. Chase, who sits on the board of Nalco, was also a BP board member. The likelihood that he still holds shares in both companies is very high. In fact, it was reported on May 3, 2010, that BP has acquired Nalco Holding’s entire inventory of its Corexit oil dispersant! Not surprisingly, NHC’s stock took a sharp jump, up more than 18% at its highest point of the day when it was announced that their product is the one BP will use in the Gulf. 

NALCO Holding [Source]

But wait! It gets even better!

  • Peter Sutherland, the Chairman of Goldman Sachs International, was also, until last year, the Chairman of BP! The same Goldman Sachs that sold $250 million of its BP stock right before the oil rig explosion/spill.
  • BP and its folks were significant contributors to the record $750-million war chest of Obama’s 2007-08 campaign. In fact, Obama is the single largest individual recipient of BP PAC (Political Action Committee) contributions.
  • Rahm Emanuel, Obama’s White House Chief-of-Staff, has lived in a rent-free apartment in D.C. for the past 5 years. The apartment is owned by Rep. Rosa DeLauro (D-Connecticut) and her husband, Stanley Greenberg. Greenberg’s consulting firm was a prime architect of BP’s recent rebranding drive as a “green” petroleum company!
  • In May 2009, Warren Buffet’s Berkshire Hathaway was the second-largest shareholder in Nalco, the producer of Corexit, with a little more than 6% of the shares.

Conclusion

There are experts who think that oil dispersants of whatever variety shouldn’t even be used in the Gulf.

Dispersing the oil neither eliminates it nor decreases its toxicity. All dispersants do is to break the oil into small particles, where it becomes less visible. But the oil’s still there, spewing toxicity at an even greater rate (due to higher surface area), except now it’s pretty much impossible to skim or trap or vacuum or even soak up the oil particles at the shoreline because most of it will never make it to the shoreline.  Instead, the toxic crude oil AND the dispersant will be spread all over the ocean’s waters. 

In effect, to “disperse” the oil means it will NEVER be cleaned up. It will just stay out there, polluting and poisoning the ocean and marine life, including the fish, shrimp, mollusk that we humans consume as food. 

And if using oil dispersants is unwise, it is approaching madness to use a dispersant as toxic as Corexit. Add to the insane formula the fact the Corexit isn’t even a very effective dispersant, and we’re looking at avarice and mendacity on the part of BP at the level of true EVIL. As for the Obama administration, any government that tolerates such evil is, minimally, incompetent and, maximally, complicit in evil.

More alarming still is the opinion in some quarters that when the toxic Corexit 9500 is combined with the warm waters of the Gulf, much of it will transition into a gaseous state that will be absorbed into clouds, to be released as toxic rain upon all of the Eastern United States.

May God help us!

H/t Fellowship co-founder Steve and beloved member May.

~Eowyn

Sources:

Corexit,” Wikipedia.

“Corexit Is Killing The Gulf (Part I),” sitfu.com, May 29, 2010.

8ackgr0und N015e, “Important Primer on Corexit: Different Types and Hazards,” DailyKos, May 30, 2010.

“BP Embraces Exxon’s Toxic Dispersant, Ignores Safer Alternative,” Protect the Ocean.

19 responses to “BP Poisons Gulf With Deadly Oil Dispersant

  1. A GREAT BIG THANK YOU FOR GETTING THIS INFORMATION OUT.

    I am heartsick about this.

  2. How can we find out who owns stock in NALCO/Corexit? I will bet that we will recognize a whole lot of names.

  3. Steve,
    I live in Jax so I doubt this will affect my environment but it is possible. I can only pray it does not affect you and yours. My heart goes out to you buddy. Let me know if you need anything..

  4. I too live in Florida, I grew up in Clearwater, the beaches and bays were my playground.
    I’m outfitting my 24 ft work boat to assist in spill boom maintenance, but I’m short on cash.
    Anybody wanting to contribute, please let me know.

  5. Is it true Haliburton bought the largest oil spill cleaning industry just prior to this disaster. That coupled with the frantic sell off of BP shares smacks of 9-11 financial irregularities all over again.

  6. I mean these things are becoming obvious even to the lay public. The full body scanners were pre built and waiting to be delivered to the airports across north america. who owns those again? the chertoff group, homeland security my ass.

  7. Steve–I heard that the reason unregistered boats from other countries cannot help us is because the unions do not want it, and BO doesn’t want to upset the unions. How F’d up is that?????

  8. My heart goes out to the people on the east coast. So glad to see the people taking the lead in research here,the govt is not to be trusted. EPA is flat out useless and more dangerous than anything,always have been. This oil ordeal was not an accident.

  9. As I understand it, for every barrel of oil spewed out – lost – poured out in a disaster, a fine will be imposed. It would seem that this knowledge has been behind the reason BP initially downplayed the estimate of oil at 5000 barrels per day. Now that a tally can be kept of what is being piped aboard the other rig and boats that will store, for processing, this oil, a better estimate of the fines accruing can be made.

    This will not of course include all the millions of barrels of oil BP has dispersed – via the use of toxic chemicals – into the waters of the gulf, and possibly worldwide!

    I mean if you can’t see it, you can’t count it – so therefore it isn’t there coz YOU can’t prove it! READ MORE:

    http://just-me-in-t.blogspot.com/2010/06/if-you-cant-measure-it-how-can-you-fine.html

  10. I think that you should all note something and make sure to do your research before you go pointing fingers at Nalco:

    Corexit 9500 is not only less toxic than the oil in the Gulf Coast, it is more than 10x less toxic than the Dove and Palmolive being used to clean oil-slicked birds. Corexit is being used effectively and has done far more good than harm to the oil-slick. I challenge each of you to find FACTUAL EVIDENCE to the contrary and explain to me why the EPA, the U.S. Government and the U.S. Coast Guard have continued to allow the dispersant to be used if it is so “toxic.”

    Many of you are attempting to point fingers because you are confused and angry at what has happened and I understand, I am angry too, but I think it is wrong for people to place blame where it is not due! Not only has Nalco tested this product and proved its negative effects are almost non-existent, their CEO has come out numerous times and stated, “if there is something better that can be used, USE IT!!” I just don’t see how so many people can overlook this….it blows my mind!

    • You accuse us of “not doing our research.” Yet, isn’t it curious that I provide links to my sources throughout my article, “BP Poisons Gulf with Deadly Oil Dispersant,” yet you gave us no evidence, no source citation(s), no scientific study(ies) — zero, zip, nada. All you use is the appeal to authority as your basis for your claims. Alas, the “authorities” to whom you allude have all proven to be unbelievable and outright liars.

      For the sake of the marine life and human health of the Gulf, I certainly hope Corexit is not toxic. But your words are unconvincing and mean nothing. Prove it!!!!

    • I agree with Peter. With the vast amount of media sources present in the digital age (newspapers, television, magazines, watchdog sites, blogs, podcasts, etc) it is easy for us to only look for those accounts of the news that agree with our position, which many will strongly stand by and neglect to inform themselves of alternative views. I understand that this is especially the case when it concerns an issue as heart-wrenching as this. I assure you, I too care about the Gulf and Louisiana in particular — I chose to delay my first year of college so that I could work for Red Cross, in immediate response to Hurricane Katrina.

      There are many chemicals that are toxic, but it is important to note the “concentration” at which the chemical will do harm, as well as a cost-benefit analysis of using Corexit vs. allowing toxic oil to reap its unmitigated environmental and health-related impact.

      http://www.treehugger.com/files/2010/05/corexit-hazards-versus-washing-laundry.php

      This is a good article that presents its case in more plain english than more “wordy” scientific literature.

  11. Pingback: A Primer on BP Oil Dispersant | For the Defense…..A Lawyer's View

  12. russell collins

    corexit, does not removes the oil, it only seperates it from the water, hence making it even harder to clean up the ocean, we are only spreading it out!

  13. russell collins

    below is a brief summary of the hazards of corexit, for those non beleivers, or BP Fans
    MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
    PRODUCT
    COREXIT® 9500
    EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBER(S)
    (800) 424-9300 (24 Hours) CHEMTREC
    Nalco Energy Services, L.P. P.O. Box 87 • Sugar Land, Texas 77487-0087 • (281)263-7000
    For additional copies of an MSDS visit http://www.nalco.com and request access
    1 / 10
    1. CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION
    PRODUCT NAME : COREXIT® 9500
    APPLICATION : OIL SPILL DISPERSANT
    COMPANY IDENTIFICATION : Nalco Energy Services, L.P.
    P.O. Box 87
    Sugar Land, Texas
    77487-0087
    EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBER(S) : (800) 424-9300 (24 Hours) CHEMTREC
    NFPA 704M/HMIS RATING
    HEALTH : 1 / 1 FLAMMABILITY : 1 / 1 INSTABILITY : 0 / 0 OTHER :
    0 = Insignificant 1 = Slight 2 = Moderate 3 = High 4 = Extreme
    2. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
    Our hazard evaluation has identified the following chemical substance(s) as hazardous. Consult Section 15 for the
    nature of the hazard(s).
    Hazardous Substance(s) CAS NO % (w/w)
    Distillates, petroleum, hydrotreated light 64742-47-8 10.0 – 30.0
    Propylene Glycol 57-55-6 1.0 – 5.0
    Organic sulfonic acid salt Proprietary 10.0 – 30.0
    3. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
    **EMERGENCY OVERVIEW**
    WARNING
    Combustible.
    Keep away from heat. Keep away from sources of ignition – No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Do not get
    in eyes, on skin, on clothing. Do not take internally. Avoid breathing vapor. Use with adequate ventilation. In case
    of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. After contact with skin, wash
    immediately with plenty of soap and water.
    Wear suitable protective clothing.
    Low Fire Hazard; liquids may burn upon heating to temperatures at or above the flash point. May evolve oxides of
    carbon (COx) under fire conditions. May evolve oxides of sulfur (SOx) under fire conditions.
    PRIMARY ROUTES OF EXPOSURE :
    Eye, Skin
    HUMAN HEALTH HAZARDS – ACUTE :
    EYE CONTACT :
    May cause irritation with prolonged contact.
    MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
    PRODUCT
    COREXIT® 9500
    EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBER(S)
    (800) 424-9300 (24 Hours) CHEMTREC
    Nalco Energy Services, L.P. P.O. Box 87 • Sugar Land, Texas 77487-0087 • (281)263-7000
    For additional copies of an MSDS visit http://www.nalco.com and request access
    2 / 10
    SKIN CONTACT :
    May cause irritation with prolonged contact.
    INGESTION :
    Not a likely route of exposure. Can cause chemical pneumonia if aspirated into lungs following ingestion.
    INHALATION :
    Repeated or prolonged exposure may irritate the respiratory tract.
    SYMPTOMS OF EXPOSURE :
    Acute :
    A review of available data does not identify any symptoms from exposure not previously mentioned.
    Chronic :
    Frequent or prolonged contact with product may defat and dry the skin, leading to discomfort and dermatitis.
    AGGRAVATION OF EXISTING CONDITIONS :
    Skin contact may aggravate an existing dermatitis condition.
    4. FIRST AID MEASURES
    EYE CONTACT :
    Immediately flush with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. If symptoms develop, seek medical advice.
    SKIN CONTACT :
    Immediately wash with plenty of soap and water. If symptoms develop, seek medical advice.
    INGESTION :
    Do not induce vomiting: contains petroleum distillates and/or aromatic solvents. If conscious, washout mouth and
    give water to drink. Get medical attention.
    INHALATION :
    Remove to fresh air, treat symptomatically. Get medical attention.
    NOTE TO PHYSICIAN :
    Based on the individual reactions of the patient, the physician’s judgement should be used to control symptoms and
    clinical condition.
    5. FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
    FLASH POINT : 181.4 °F / 83 °C ( PMCC )
    LOWER EXPLOSION LIMIT : Not flammable
    UPPER EXPLOSION LIMIT : Not flammable
    MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
    PRODUCT
    COREXIT® 9500
    EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBER(S)
    (800) 424-9300 (24 Hours) CHEMTREC
    Nalco Energy Services, L.P. P.O. Box 87 • Sugar Land, Texas 77487-0087 • (281)263-7000
    For additional copies of an MSDS visit http://www.nalco.com and request access
    3 / 10
    EXTINGUISHING MEDIA :
    Alcohol foam, Carbon dioxide, Foam, Dry powder, Other extinguishing agent suitable for Class B fires, For large
    fires, use water spray or fog, thoroughly drenching the burning material.
    Water mist may be used to cool closed containers.
    UNSUITABLE EXTINGUISHING MEDIA :
    Do not use water unless flooding amounts are available.
    FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD :
    Low Fire Hazard; liquids may burn upon heating to temperatures at or above the flash point. May evolve oxides of
    carbon (COx) under fire conditions. May evolve oxides of sulfur (SOx) under fire conditions.
    SPECIAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT FOR FIRE FIGHTING :
    In case of fire, wear a full face positive-pressure self contained breathing apparatus and protective suit.
    6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
    PERSONAL PRECAUTIONS :
    Restrict access to area as appropriate until clean-up operations are complete. Stop or reduce any leaks if it is safe
    to do so. Ventilate spill area if possible. Do not touch spilled material. Remove sources of ignition. Have
    emergency equipment (for fires, spills, leaks, etc.) readily available. Use personal protective equipment
    recommended in Section 8 (Exposure Controls/Personal Protection). Notify appropriate government, occupational
    health and safety and environmental authorities.
    METHODS FOR CLEANING UP :
    SMALL SPILLS: Soak up spill with absorbent material. Place residues in a suitable, covered, properly labeled
    container. Wash affected area. LARGE SPILLS: Contain liquid using absorbent material, by digging trenches or by
    diking. Reclaim into recovery or salvage drums or tank truck for proper disposal. Clean contaminated surfaces with
    water or aqueous cleaning agents. Contact an approved waste hauler for disposal of contaminated recovered
    material. Dispose of material in compliance with regulations indicated in Section 13 (Disposal Considerations).
    ENVIRONMENTAL PRECAUTIONS :
    Do not contaminate surface water.
    7. HANDLING AND STORAGE
    HANDLING :
    Use with adequate ventilation. Keep the containers closed when not in use. Do not take internally. Do not get in
    eyes, on skin, on clothing. Have emergency equipment (for fires, spills, leaks, etc.) readily available.
    STORAGE CONDITIONS :
    Store away from heat and sources of ignition. Store separately from oxidizers. Store the containers tightly closed.
    SUITABLE CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL :
    Compatibility with Plastic Materials can vary; we therefore recommend that compatibility is tested prior to use.
    MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
    PRODUCT
    COREXIT® 9500
    EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBER(S)
    (800) 424-9300 (24 Hours) CHEMTREC
    Nalco Energy Services, L.P. P.O. Box 87 • Sugar Land, Texas 77487-0087 • (281)263-7000
    For additional copies of an MSDS visit http://www.nalco.com and request access
    4 / 10
    8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION
    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS :
    Exposure guidelines have not been established for this product. Available exposure limits for the substance(s) are
    shown below.
    ACGIH/TLV :
    Substance(s)
    Oil Mist TWA: 5 mg/m3
    STEL: 10 mg/m3
    Propylene Glycol
    OSHA/PEL :
    Substance(s)
    Oil Mist TWA: 5 mg/m3
    STEL: 10 mg/m3
    Propylene Glycol
    AIHA/WEEL :
    Substance(s)
    ENGINEERING MEASURES :
    General ventilation is recommended.
    RESPIRATORY PROTECTION :
    Where concentrations in air may exceed the limits given in this section, the use of a half face filter mask or air
    supplied breathing apparatus is recommended. A suitable filter material depends on the amount and type of
    chemicals being handled. Consider the use of filter type: Multi-contaminant cartridge. with a Particulate pre-filter.
    In event of emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations a positive pressure, full-facepiece SCBA
    should be used. If respiratory protection is required, institute a complete respiratory protection program including
    selection, fit testing, training, maintenance and inspection.
    HAND PROTECTION :
    Nitrile gloves, PVC gloves
    SKIN PROTECTION :
    Wear standard protective clothing.
    EYE PROTECTION :
    Wear chemical splash goggles.
    HYGIENE RECOMMENDATIONS :
    Keep an eye wash fountain available. Keep a safety shower available. If clothing is contaminated, remove clothing
    and thoroughly wash the affected area. Launder contaminated clothing before reuse.
    HUMAN EXPOSURE CHARACTERIZATION :
    Based on our recommended product application and personal protective equipment, the potential human exposure
    is: Low
    MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
    PRODUCT
    COREXIT® 9500
    EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBER(S)
    (800) 424-9300 (24 Hours) CHEMTREC
    Nalco Energy Services, L.P. P.O. Box 87 • Sugar Land, Texas 77487-0087 • (281)263-7000
    For additional copies of an MSDS visit http://www.nalco.com and request access
    5 / 10
    9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
    PHYSICAL STATE Liquid
    APPEARANCE Clear Hazy Amber
    ODOR Hydrocarbon
    SPECIFIC GRAVITY 0.95 @ 60 °F / 15.6 °C
    DENSITY 7.91 lb/gal
    SOLUBILITY IN WATER Miscible
    pH (100 %) 6.2
    VISCOSITY 177 cps @ 32 °F / 0 °C 70 cps @ 60 °F / 15.6 °C @ 104 °F / 40 °C
    VISCOSITY @ 32 °F / 0 °C @ 60 °F / 15.6 °C 22.5 cst @ 104 °F / 40 °C
    POUR POINT < -71 °F / < -57 °C
    BOILING POINT 296 °F / 147 °C
    VAPOR PRESSURE 15.5 mm Hg @ 100 °F / 37.8 °C
    Note: These physical properties are typical values for this product and are subject to change.
    10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
    STABILITY :
    Stable under normal conditions.
    HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION :
    Hazardous polymerization will not occur.
    CONDITIONS TO AVOID :
    Heat
    MATERIALS TO AVOID :
    Contact with strong oxidizers (e.g. chlorine, peroxides, chromates, nitric acid, perchlorate, concentrated oxygen,
    permanganate) may generate heat, fires, explosions and/or toxic vapors.
    HAZARDOUS DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS :
    Under fire conditions: Oxides of carbon, Oxides of sulfur
    11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
    No toxicity studies have been conducted on this product.
    SENSITIZATION :
    This product is not expected to be a sensitizer.
    MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
    PRODUCT
    COREXIT® 9500
    EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBER(S)
    (800) 424-9300 (24 Hours) CHEMTREC
    Nalco Energy Services, L.P. P.O. Box 87 • Sugar Land, Texas 77487-0087 • (281)263-7000
    For additional copies of an MSDS visit http://www.nalco.com and request access
    6 / 10
    CARCINOGENICITY :
    None of the substances in this product are listed as carcinogens by the International Agency for Research on
    Cancer (IARC), the National Toxicology Program (NTP) or the American Conference of Governmental Industrial
    Hygienists (ACGIH).
    HUMAN HAZARD CHARACTERIZATION :
    Based on our hazard characterization, the potential human hazard is: Moderate
    12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
    ECOTOXICOLOGICAL EFFECTS :
    The following results are for the product.
    ACUTE INVERTEBRATE RESULTS :
    Species Exposure LC50 EC50 Test Descriptor
    Acartia tonsa 48 hrs 34 mg/l Product
    Artemia 48 hrs 20.7 mg/l Product
    MOBILITY :
    The environmental fate was estimated using a level III fugacity model embedded in the EPI (estimation program
    interface) Suite TM , provided by the US EPA. The model assumes a steady state condition between the total input
    and output. The level III model does not require equilibrium between the defined media. The information provided is
    intended to give the user a general estimate of the environmental fate of this product under the defined conditions of
    the models. If released into the environment this material is expected to distribute to the air, water and soil/sediment
    in the approximate respective percentages;
    Air Water Soil/Sediment
    <5% 10 – 30% 50 – 70%
    The portion in water is expected to float on the surface.
    BIOACCUMULATION POTENTIAL
    Component substances have a potential to bioconcentrate.
    ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD AND EXPOSURE CHARACTERIZATION
    Based on our hazard characterization, the potential environmental hazard is: Low
    Based on our recommended product application and the product's characteristics, the potential environmental
    exposure is: Low
    If released into the environment, see CERCLA/SUPERFUND in Section 15.
    13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
    If this product becomes a waste, it could meet the criteria of a hazardous waste as defined by the Resource
    Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) 40 CFR 261. Before disposal, it should be determined if the waste meets
    the criteria of a hazardous waste.
    MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
    PRODUCT
    COREXIT® 9500
    EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBER(S)
    (800) 424-9300 (24 Hours) CHEMTREC
    Nalco Energy Services, L.P. P.O. Box 87 • Sugar Land, Texas 77487-0087 • (281)263-7000
    For additional copies of an MSDS visit http://www.nalco.com and request access
    7 / 10
    Hazardous Waste: D018
    Hazardous wastes must be transported by a licensed hazardous waste transporter and disposed of or treated in a
    properly licensed hazardous waste treatment, storage, disposal or recycling facility. Consult local, state, and federal
    regulations for specific requirements.
    14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION
    The information in this section is for reference only and should not take the place of a shipping paper (bill of lading)
    specific to an order. Please note that the proper Shipping Name / Hazard Class may vary by packaging, properties,
    and mode of transportation. Typical Proper Shipping Names for this product are as follows.
    LAND TRANSPORT :
    For Packages Less Than Or Equal To 119 Gallons:
    Proper Shipping Name : PRODUCT IS NOT REGULATED DURING
    TRANSPORTATION
    For Packages Greater Than 119 Gallons:
    Proper Shipping Name : COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID, N.O.S.
    Technical Name(s) : PETROLEUM DISTILLATES
    UN/ID No : NA 1993
    Hazard Class – Primary : COMBUSTIBLE
    Packing Group : III
    Flash Point : 83 °C / 181.4 °F
    AIR TRANSPORT (ICAO/IATA) :
    Proper Shipping Name : PRODUCT IS NOT REGULATED DURING
    TRANSPORTATION
    MARINE TRANSPORT (IMDG/IMO) :
    Proper Shipping Name : PRODUCT IS NOT REGULATED DURING
    TRANSPORTATION
    15. REGULATORY INFORMATION
    NATIONAL REGULATIONS, USA :
    OSHA HAZARD COMMUNICATION RULE, 29 CFR 1910.1200 :
    Based on our hazard evaluation, the following substance(s) in this product is/are hazardous and the reason(s) is/are
    shown below.
    Distillates, petroleum, hydrotreated light : Irritant
    Propylene Glycol : Exposure Limit, Eye irritant
    Organic sulfonic acid salt : Irritant
    MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
    PRODUCT
    COREXIT® 9500
    EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBER(S)
    (800) 424-9300 (24 Hours) CHEMTREC
    Nalco Energy Services, L.P. P.O. Box 87 • Sugar Land, Texas 77487-0087 • (281)263-7000
    For additional copies of an MSDS visit http://www.nalco.com and request access
    8 / 10
    CERCLA/SUPERFUND, 40 CFR 117, 302 :
    Notification of spills of this product is not required.
    SARA/SUPERFUND AMENDMENTS AND REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 1986 (TITLE III) – SECTIONS 302, 311,
    312, AND 313 :
    SECTION 302 – EXTREMELY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES (40 CFR 355) :
    This product does not contain substances listed in Appendix A and B as an Extremely Hazardous Substance.
    SECTIONS 311 AND 312 – MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET REQUIREMENTS (40 CFR 370) :
    Our hazard evaluation has found this product to be hazardous. The product should be reported under the following
    indicated EPA hazard categories:
    X Immediate (Acute) Health Hazard
    - Delayed (Chronic) Health Hazard
    - Fire Hazard
    - Sudden Release of Pressure Hazard
    - Reactive Hazard
    Under SARA 311 and 312, the EPA has established threshold quantities for the reporting of hazardous chemicals.
    The current thresholds are: 500 pounds or the threshold planning quantity (TPQ), whichever is lower, for extremely
    hazardous substances and 10,000 pounds for all other hazardous chemicals.
    SECTION 313 – LIST OF TOXIC CHEMICALS (40 CFR 372) :
    This product does not contain substances on the List of Toxic Chemicals.
    TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT (TSCA) :
    The substances in this preparation are included on or exempted from the TSCA 8(b) Inventory (40 CFR 710)
    FEDERAL WATER POLLUTION CONTROL ACT, CLEAN WATER ACT, 40 CFR 401.15 / formerly Sec. 307, 40
    CFR 116.4 / formerly Sec. 311 :
    None of the substances are specifically listed in the regulation.
    CLEAN AIR ACT, Sec. 111 (40 CFR 60, Volatile Organic Compounds), Sec. 112 (40 CFR 61, Hazardous Air
    Pollutants), Sec. 602 (40 CFR 82, Class I and II Ozone Depleting Substances) :
    None of the substances are specifically listed in the regulation.
    Substance(s) Citations
    • Propylene Glycol
    Sec. 111
    CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65 :
    This product does not contain substances which require warning under California Proposition 65.
    MICHIGAN CRITICAL MATERIALS :
    None of the substances are specifically listed in the regulation.
    MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
    PRODUCT
    COREXIT® 9500
    EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBER(S)
    (800) 424-9300 (24 Hours) CHEMTREC
    Nalco Energy Services, L.P. P.O. Box 87 • Sugar Land, Texas 77487-0087 • (281)263-7000
    For additional copies of an MSDS visit http://www.nalco.com and request access
    9 / 10
    STATE RIGHT TO KNOW LAWS :
    The following substances are disclosed for compliance with State Right to Know Laws:
    Propylene Glycol 57-55-6
    NATIONAL REGULATIONS, CANADA :
    WORKPLACE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INFORMATION SYSTEM (WHMIS) :
    This product has been classified in accordance with the hazard criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations
    (CPR) and the MSDS contains all the information required by the CPR.
    WHMIS CLASSIFICATION :
    Not considered a WHMIS controlled product.
    CANADIAN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT (CEPA) :
    The substances in this preparation are listed on the Domestic Substances List (DSL), are exempt, or have been
    reported in accordance with the New Substances Notification Regulations.
    16. OTHER INFORMATION
    Due to our commitment to Product Stewardship, we have evaluated the human and environmental hazards and
    exposures of this product. Based on our recommended use of this product, we have characterized the product's
    general risk. This information should provide assistance for your own risk management practices. We have
    evaluated our product's risk as follows:
    * The human risk is: Low
    * The environmental risk is: Low
    Any use inconsistent with our recommendations may affect the risk characterization. Our sales representative will
    assist you to determine if your product application is consistent with our recommendations. Together we can
    implement an appropriate risk management process.
    This product material safety data sheet provides health and safety information. The product is to be used in
    applications consistent with our product literature. Individuals handling this product should be informed of the
    recommended safety precautions and should have access to this information. For any other uses, exposures should
    be evaluated so that appropriate handling practices and training programs can be established to insure safe
    workplace operations. Please consult your local sales representative for any further information.
    REFERENCES
    Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices, American
    Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, OH., (Ariel Insight# CD-ROM Version), Ariel Research Corp.,
    Bethesda, MD.
    Hazardous Substances Data Bank, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland (TOMES CPS# CD-ROM
    Version), Micromedex, Inc., Englewood, CO.
    MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
    PRODUCT
    COREXIT® 9500
    EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBER(S)
    (800) 424-9300 (24 Hours) CHEMTREC
    Nalco Energy Services, L.P. P.O. Box 87 • Sugar Land, Texas 77487-0087 • (281)263-7000
    For additional copies of an MSDS visit http://www.nalco.com and request access
    10 / 10
    IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Man, Geneva: World Health
    Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer.
    Integrated Risk Information System, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. (TOMES CPS# CDROM
    Version), Micromedex, Inc., Englewood, CO.
    Annual Report on Carcinogens, National Toxicology Program, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services,
    Public Health Service.
    Title 29 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1910, Subpart Z, Toxic and Hazardous Substances, Occupational Safety
    and Health Administration (OSHA), (Ariel Insight# CD-ROM Version), Ariel Research Corp., Bethesda, MD.
    Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati,
    OH, (TOMES CPS# CD-ROM Version), Micromedex, Inc., Englewood, CO.
    Ariel Insight# (An integrated guide to industrial chemicals covered under major regulatory and advisory programs),
    North American Module, Western European Module, Chemical Inventories Module and the Generics Module (Ariel
    Insight# CD-ROM Version), Ariel Research Corp., Bethesda, MD.
    The Teratogen Information System, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (TOMES CPS# CD-ROM Version),
    Micromedex, Inc., Englewood, CO.
    Prepared By : Product Safety Department
    Date issued : 06/14/2005
    Version Number : 1.6
    now tell me that this is safe as soap!

  14. OMG! there lay many answers behind the co. Nalco itself.

  15. russell collins

    remember most people in our day and age have a price, and if you have money you can buy any type of loyaltees, if people can sale kids for drugs, what to do you think! even if they knew this stuff would kill them, they would side with the killer in the short term for the all mighty dollar, only when some one is in thier last throes of life do they ask why.

  16. russell collins

    like i said, money can get you almost anything, and like my father said, how much money is enough. It is true what they say about power, absolute power corrupt. we have world wide corruption like we never had in the past, look at the global economy, who is controlling all of this.
    what u see happening in the world today is controld chaos.

  17. russell collins

    “Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway revealed a new position in Nalco Holding (NYSE: NLC); it’s my favorite pure play on water filtration,” says Chris Mayer in Daily Wealth.

    “With a $1.6 billion market cap, Nalco is a small-cap stock, but it’s actually one of the world’s largest water-treatment companies. Customers use Nalco’s products and services to prevent corrosion, contamination, and the buildup of harmful deposits.

    “Buffett picked up 8.7 million shares. That makes Berkshire the second-largest shareholder in the company, with a little more than 6% of the shares.It’s easy to see what Buffett likes.

    “Nalco generates a steady stream of free cash flow – $142 million in its fiscal year ended September 30. Today, the market cap is about $1.6 billion. So you’re getting nearly a 10% free cash flow yield. Put another way, you’re only paying about 10 times free cash flow. Not earnings, but cash flow.

    “On the downside, Nalco has a leveraged balance sheet with $3.1 billion in net debt. However, its business model ensures steady cash inflows from service contracts, which is less of a risk than it might seem.

    “Also, the first significant maturities don’t come until November of 2010 – plenty of time for the credit markets to return to some friendlier state. In any event, the debt was not enough of a risk to put Buffett off the scent.

    “There is also a nice backdrop to the Nalco thesis. Water is a scarce commodity. Two-thirds of the world’s population face water shortages by 2025, according to the United Nations. And according to the U.S. Government Accountability Office, about 36 states face water shortages by 2013.

    “These issues may not seem so pressing to you, since every time you turn on the tap, the water flows. But it is an important issue for industrial users of water all over the world.

    “Nalco is right in the heart of this issue. Nalco’s customers are industrial users. Nalco’s services improve water efficiency. The company also offers services to reduce air pollution, treat industrial wastewater, and more. In this, Nalco is the global leader, with a 17% global market share. It’s bigger than GE in water.

    “As a long-term investment, Nalco is among the more compelling ideas out there. In fact, the entire water spectrum looks attractive as a long-term investment theme. It’s going to be an issue we’re going to deal with for years, Warren Buffett’s purchase of Nalco is further confirmation of the idea.”

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